Tor prevents people from learning your location or browsing habits.
Tor is for web browsers, instant messaging clients, and more.
Tor is free and open source for Windows, Mac, Linux/Unix, and Android
Protect your privacy. Defend yourself against network surveillance and traffic analysis.
Be smart and learn more. Understand what Tor does and does not offer. This list of pitfalls isn't complete, and we need your help identifying and documenting all the issues.
Want Tor to really work?
You need to change some of your habits, as some things won't work exactly as you are used to.
a. Use the Tor Browser
Tor does not protect all of your computer's Internet traffic when you run it. Tor only protects your applications that are properly configured to send their Internet traffic through Tor. To avoid problems with Tor configuration, we strongly recommend you use the Tor Browser. It is pre-configured to protect your privacy and anonymity on the web as long as you're browsing with the Tor Browser itself. Almost any other web browser configuration is likely to be unsafe to use with Tor.
b. Don't torrent over Tor
Torrent file-sharing applications have been observed to ignore proxy settings and make direct connections even when they are told to use Tor. Even if your torrent application connects only through Tor, you will often send out your real IP address in the tracker GET request, because that's how torrents work. Not only do you deanonymize your torrent traffic and your other simultaneous Tor web traffic this way, you also slow down the entire Tor network for everyone else.
c. Don't enable or install browser plugins
The Tor Browser will block browser plugins such as Flash, RealPlayer, Quicktime, and others: they can be manipulated into revealing your IP address. Similarly, we do not recommend installing additional addons or plugins into the Tor Browser, as these may bypass Tor or otherwise harm your anonymity and privacy.
d. Use HTTPS versions of websites
Tor will encrypt your traffic to and within the Tor network, but the encryption of your traffic to the final destination website depends upon on that website. To help ensure private encryption to websites, the Tor Browser includes HTTPS Everywhere to force the use of HTTPS encryption with major websites that support it. However, you should still watch the browser URL bar to ensure that websites you provide sensitive information to display a blue or green URL bar button, include https:// in the URL, and display the proper expected name for the website. Also see EFF's interactive page explaining how Tor and HTTPS relate.
e. Don't open documents downloaded through Tor while online
The Tor Browser will warn you before automatically opening documents that are handled by external applications. DO NOT IGNORE THIS WARNING. You should be very careful when downloading documents via Tor (especially DOC and PDF files) as these documents can contain Internet resources that will be downloaded outside of Tor by the application that opens them. This will reveal your non-Tor IP address. If you must work with DOC and/or PDF files, we strongly recommend either using a disconnected computer, downloading the free VirtualBox and using it with a virtual machine image with networking disabled, or using Tails. Under no circumstances is it safe to use BitTorrent and Tor together, however.
f. Use bridges and/or find company
Tor tries to prevent attackers from learning what destination websites you connect to. However, by default, it does not prevent somebody watching your Internet traffic from learning that you're using Tor. If this matters to you, you can reduce this risk by configuring Tor to use a Tor bridge relay rather than connecting directly to the public Tor network. Ultimately the best protection is a social approach: the more Tor users there are near you and the more diverse their interests, the less dangerous it will be that you are one of them. Convince other people to use Tor, too!
The Tor network is a group of volunteer-operated servers that allows people to improve their privacy and security on the Internet. Tor's users employ this network by connecting through a series of virtual tunnels rather than making a direct connection, thus allowing both organizations and individuals to share information over public networks without compromising their privacy. Along the same line, Tor is an effective censorship circumvention tool, allowing its users to reach otherwise blocked destinations or content. Tor can also be used as a building block for software developers to create new communication tools with built-in privacy features.
Individuals use Tor to keep websites from tracking them and their family members, or to connect to news sites, instant messaging services, or the like when these are blocked by their local Internet providers. Tor's hidden services let users publish web sites and other services without needing to reveal the location of the site. Individuals also use Tor for socially sensitive communication: chat rooms and web forums for rape and abuse survivors, or people with illnesses.
Journalists use Tor to communicate more safely with whistleblowers and dissidents. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) use Tor to allow their workers to connect to their home website while they're in a foreign country, without notifying everybody nearby that they're working with that organization.
Groups such as Indymedia recommend Tor for safeguarding their members' online privacy and security. Activist groups like the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) recommend Tor as a mechanism for maintaining civil liberties online. Corporations use Tor as a safe way to conduct competitive analysis, and to protect sensitive procurement patterns from eavesdroppers. They also use it to replace traditional VPNs, which reveal the exact amount and timing of communication. Which locations have employees working late? Which locations have employees consulting job-hunting websites? Which research divisions are communicating with the company's patent lawyers?
A branch of the U.S. Navy uses Tor for open source intelligence gathering, and one of its teams used Tor while deployed in the Middle East recently. Law enforcement uses Tor for visiting or surveilling web sites without leaving government IP addresses in their web logs, and for security during sting operations.
The variety of people who use Tor is actually part of what makes it so secure. Tor hides you among the other users on the network, so the more populous and diverse the user base for Tor is, the more your anonymity will be protected.
Why we need Tor
Using Tor protects you against a common form of Internet surveillance known as "traffic analysis." Traffic analysis can be used to infer who is talking to whom over a public network. Knowing the source and destination of your Internet traffic allows others to track your behavior and interests. This can impact your checkbook if, for example, an e-commerce site uses price discrimination based on your country or institution of origin. It can even threaten your job and physical safety by revealing who and where you are. For example, if you're travelling abroad and you connect to your employer's computers to check or send mail, you can inadvertently reveal your national origin and professional affiliation to anyone observing the network, even if the connection is encrypted.
How does traffic analysis work? Internet data packets have two parts: a data payload and a header used for routing. The data payload is whatever is being sent, whether that's an email message, a web page, or an audio file. Even if you encrypt the data payload of your communications, traffic analysis still reveals a great deal about what you're doing and, possibly, what you're saying. That's because it focuses on the header, which discloses source, destination, size, timing, and so on.
A basic problem for the privacy minded is that the recipient of your communications can see that you sent it by looking at headers. So can authorized intermediaries like Internet service providers, and sometimes unauthorized intermediaries as well. A very simple form of traffic analysis might involve sitting somewhere between sender and recipient on the network, looking at headers.
But there are also more powerful kinds of traffic analysis. Some attackers spy on multiple parts of the Internet and use sophisticated statistical techniques to track the communications patterns of many different organizations and individuals. Encryption does not help against these attackers, since it only hides the content of Internet traffic, not the headers.
The solution: a distributed, anonymous network
How Tor works
Tor helps to reduce the risks of both simple and sophisticated traffic analysis by distributing your transactions over several places on the Internet, so no single point can link you to your destination. The idea is similar to using a twisty, hard-to-follow route in order to throw off somebody who is tailing you — and then periodically erasing your footprints. Instead of taking a direct route from source to destination, data packets on the Tor network take a random pathway through several relays that cover your tracks so no observer at any single point can tell where the data came from or where it's going.
To create a private network pathway with Tor, the user's software or client incrementally builds a circuit of encrypted connections through relays on the network. The circuit is extended one hop at a time, and each relay along the way knows only which relay gave it data and which relay it is giving data to. No individual relay ever knows the complete path that a data packet has taken. The client negotiates a separate set of encryption keys for each hop along the circuit to ensure that each hop can't trace these connections as they pass through.
Tor circuit step two
Once a circuit has been established, many kinds of data can be exchanged and several different sorts of software applications can be deployed over the Tor network. Because each relay sees no more than one hop in the circuit, neither an eavesdropper nor a compromised relay can use traffic analysis to link the connection's source and destination. Tor only works for TCP streams and can be used by any application with SOCKS support.
For efficiency, the Tor software uses the same circuit for connections that happen within the same ten minutes or so. Later requests are given a new circuit, to keep people from linking your earlier actions to the new ones.
Tor circuit step three
Tor can't solve all anonymity problems. It focuses only on protecting the transport of data. You need to use protocol-specific support software if you don't want the sites you visit to see your identifying information. For example, you can use Tor Browser while browsing the web to withhold some information about your computer's configuration.
Also, to protect your anonymity, be smart. Don't provide your name or other revealing information in web forms. Be aware that, like all anonymizing networks that are fast enough for web browsing, Tor does not provide protection against end-to-end timing attacks: If your attacker can watch the traffic coming out of your computer, and also the traffic arriving at your chosen destination, he can use statistical analysis to discover that they are part of the same circuit.
The future of Tor
Providing a usable anonymizing network on the Internet today is an ongoing challenge. We want software that meets users' needs. We also want to keep the network up and running in a way that handles as many users as possible. Security and usability don't have to be at odds: As Tor's usability increases, it will attract more users, which will increase the possible sources and destinations of each communication, thus increasing security for everyone. We're making progress, but we need your help. Please consider running a relay or volunteering as a developer.
Ongoing trends in law, policy, and technology threaten anonymity as never before, undermining our ability to speak and read freely online. These trends also undermine national security and critical infrastructure by making communication among individuals, organizations, corporations, and governments more vulnerable to analysis. Each new user and relay provides additional diversity, enhancing Tor's ability to put control over your security and privacy back into your hands.
Un sfat care v-ar putea schimba viata. Cautati pe Google urmatorul lucru: CANABISUL VINDECA CANCERUL. S-ar putea sa descoperiti ca ati fost dezinformati intentionat de catre mass-media despre aceasta planta numita "marihuana", canepa cunoscuta de zeci de mii de ani pe tot Globul Pamantesc.
Este vorba de un panaceu universal, utilizat din timpuri stravechi nu doar in combaterea durerii, ci chiar cu mare succes in TRATAREA CANCERULUI DE PIELE, DE PROSTATA, DE CREIER etc.
InterReflections film production update - May 2015.
Friends, As some may know, I have been developing the first of the long anticipated "InterReflections" Trilogy for over 3 years now.
Sadly, both time and budget issues have kept this film at bay. As painful as it is, I am now reaching out to my supporters to help push this project along.
I have launched an Indiegogo Campaign to help fund the project to completion: Please support this campaign: Link HERE
I wish to state that to protect the artistic and communicative integrity of the work, I have refused financial offers from those who insist to interfere... or are interested in profit alone.
The core budget problem faced now is the professional CGI work. While many have volunteered help for some degree or another, the true nature of the need requires a professional CGI studio. This campaign is to help finance that aspect of production - to assure high quality visual fx.
Turismo Associati would like to present to you three applications: # France News (link here), France Utilitaires (link here) and # France Actualites (link here) that offer the latest news and utilities if you want to know all that is happening in Europe and the World.
All in a simple and intuitive app:
- a french version of the Google search engine;
- Buzz Fil, Le Monde, Le Figaro, L'Equipe and 20 Minutes to have live free access to the best french information on your smartphone regarding society, economics, environment, blogs, comments, high-tech, sports and more...;
- Amazon, eBay, Pages Jaunes (Yellow Pages) and c Discount to choose from books, dvds, video games, fashion clothes and gratis offers...;
- Le Bon Coin, w Annonce and Pole Emploi give you millions of chargeless ads from France on cars, moto, real-estate, services and jobs;
- Meteo France to have the official weather forecasts...
"Bonjour, madame je suis americain Bonjour, mademoiselle je suis americain..." - The Longest Day (1962)
Google.fr - Version française du moteur de recherche. Propose des outils et des services pour les internaut.
BuzzFil.net - un jeune média indépendant, qui propose tous les jours les sujets les plus divertissants et impressionnants du web.
LeMonde.fr - 1er site d'information francophone sur le web et le mobile. Toute l'actualité en continu: International, France, Société, Economie, Culture, Environnement, Blogs...
LeFigaro.fr - Actualité en direct et informations en continu. A la Une : Retrouvez toute l'actualité en France, à l'international, l'actualité économique et politique.
L'Equipe.fr - Le sport en direct. Les informations, résultats et classements de tous les sports. Directs commentés, images et vidéos à regarder et à partager!
20Minutes.fr - Toute l'actualité en temps réel, l'info, le sport, la high-tech, les stars, les people en direct.
Amazon.fr - livres, DVD, jeux vidéo, MP3, high-tech, informatique, jouets, chaussures, vętements, sport, maison et plus encore! Achat et vente en ligne parmi des millions de produits en stock. Livraison gratuite à partir de 25€. Vos articles à petits prix: culture, high-tech, mode, jouets, sport, maison et bien plus!
Jordan Maxwell and His Life's Work Under Attack! For over 25 years, Jordan's been a victim of criminality and greed. Under pretense of help, many vicious plunderers, devoid of any human compassion and decency, came along presenting themselves as friends, proceeding to steal everything Jordan Maxwell was trying to do. As a result, Jordan couldn't fight back these marauders because they (as mere webmasters) ALWAYS secretly redirected ownership of the website and bank account to themselves, leaving Jordan with no money to care for or defend himself. To add insult to injury, Jordan's been the object of unscrupulous slanderers libeling both his name and work. To make matters worse, other ruthless, Al-Qaeda, fundamentalist Christians and their websites pick up and continue to promote the vicious slander and lies spread by the enemies of Jordan's work. Well, it's time to break the cycle. Jordan now has the support of friends, competent attorneys, and his audience. ... And one last thought:
Jordan Maxwell is not the first and will not be the last of brave people who've put their life and reputation on the line to expose the sinister underbelly of the three major religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. While not being the first or the last, he is however, today a leading exponent exposing to the world the dark, obscene side of these three pagan religions. Jordan Maxwell and his work is an idea whose time has come.
"Islam, Judaism, and Christianity … No lie lives forever. Your days are numbered." — Jordan Maxwell It is written in Scripture that Jesus was the Bringer of Truth and Light into the world. He said to those who would follow in His path, quote:
"The slave is no greater than the master. … What they have done to Me, they will do to you." — John 15:20
"Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake." — Matthew 5:11
O pledoarie pentru disciplina scolara si educatie: Arhiepiscopul Sucevei si a Radautilor sustine in Pastorala sa de Paste ca elevii invatand la scoala sa se spele (educatie, sanatate si altele) sunt impinsi spre pacat si desfranare. Sa se spele mai putin ca daca toata ziua se dezbraca si fac dus, asta ii indeamna la desfrau. Inalt Prea Sfintia Sa isi imagineaza fecioare sub dus dorind cat mai putina inbaietura si topaiala sub dus, acesta unealta a dracului precum metroul. Noi sa ramanem cu mintea intunecata cum am ramas atatea veacuri. Pimen a colaborat cu Securitatea (confirmat din 2007 ca turnator) avand numele conspirativ Esidorovici Petru, dand note explicative cat se afla la Manastirea Putna si cand a ajuns in SUA, Germania si Israel. A cerut deasemenea revendicarea printr-o fundatie de-a sa a 192.000 hectare de padure (cateva ouaua)... cerere refuzata. Un prostanac ce ne polueaza viata!
Gigi Becali a scris cinci carti in puscarie intr-un an si zece luni, cam cat scoate un scriitor de meserie in 7-10 ani.
George Copos a dat in judecata in Vinerea Mare toata presa pentru ca a fost calomniat fiind acuzat de plagiat. Un escroc notoriu il acuza pe Parfenie, adevaratul autor al cartii plagiate de Copos, ca l-a calomniat deoarece Parfene nu a avut bani sa publice niciodata cartea sa... In lumea misoginismului creativ, Copos va scapa basma curata deoarece si-a platit deja un audit ce "demonstreaza" ca mai putin de 2% din cartea sa este "inspirata" din opera adevaratului autor; la fel ca si primul ministru Ponta.
Becali crede ca Divinitatea are un "plan divin".
Fripturista de Mihaela Radulescu a fost data afara de revista Elle si Trustul Pro a inceput sa se debaraseze de ea de la Romanii au Talent dupa declaratiile sale penale (de facut puscarie) absolut scarboase si penibile la adresa homosexualilor; se va ajunge, cand noi nu vom mai fi, la acel moment cand umanitatea va privi in urma si va considera obtuza gandirea ce condamna homosexualitatea ca pe o boala sau o vina. Generatiile urmatoare vor rade de acestia cum radem noi de gandacii de Colorado: sa consideri in secolul XXI ca este mai prejos sa ai o relatie homosexuala decat o relatie dintre un barbat si o femeie, inseamna ca esti absolut imbecil. Daca tu, din toata existenta aceasta a omenirii nu ai invatat macar atata lucru, ca oamenii au dreptul sa faca ce vor ei cu viata lor din orice punct de vedere, inseamna ca nu ai invatat evolutiv absolut nimic. Daca omenirea va mai exista peste un secol sau doua, va considera un lucru normal orice relatie de dragoste... toate statele vor trece peste tabuurile lor. Nu este nici o tragedie sa fii gay sau lesbo. Este absolut normal in societate sa gandesti si sa faci cum vrei. Este o boala ca sa nu treci peste aceste clisee. Poate altora nu le place de relatia neinfrecatei Mihaelei Tiganu cu parasutistul ei Felix Baumgartner... Imagine si-a facut, s-a discutat despre ea, in stilul in care ne asteptam... cam asa se poate discuta despre o toanta, la nivelul asta. Credea ca ii trimite pe astia la colt definitiv si va avea o statuie sau o placa comemorativa, cu litere de aur cum sunt pe cardul lui Voiculescu, undeva: "Mihaela Radulescu i-a exterminat definitiv pe homosexuali".
Scriitorul preferat al Elenei Udrea era Dorin Cocos, pentru ca el ii scria cecurile... #Kafka
"Suntem un cacat de tara, sa va intre bine in cap! Ce patriotism?!"
Sa vorbim de calitatea pungilor cand vorbim de DNA. Pentru ca la noi toate spagile s-au dat cu punga. Chiar si Valcov, in cimitir, Gigi, Cocos, Udrea au dat cu punga.
Vanghelie a intrerupt partida de Fazan cu Radu Mazare pentru a merge cu iubita sa Oana Mizil la sediul DNA pentru a explica de unde au 90 de milioane de euro (mita incasata cu plasa de primar).
Filipestii de Targ: primarul Aurelian Manole trece in declaratia de avere un cadou de 120.000 lei primit de sotia sa, probabil pe strada de la o persoana fizica si 30.000 de lei castigati de fiul sau la pacanele (suma mai mare cu 6.000 de lei decat venitul primarului. Fiul a primit si alocatii de stat de 500 de lei.
Mihaela Tiganu considera homosexualii o categorie de inlaturat din societate. Ea este mama inainte de a fi vedeta si vrea sa fie lasata de putregaiul asta, ea fiind demna.
Foarte interesant de urmarit justul discurs al lui Banciu despre cliseele patriotice. Nationalismul este o porcarie. Soldatul nu este nationalist, este un mercenar ce face o meserie pentru bani sau din ego (egoism). Cum poti iubi o tara? Ce reprezinta tara: Fiscul, DNA-ul, Tariceanu, Ponta, conturul hartii Romaniei?! Oamenii nu gandesc suficient.
Catalin Parfene il acuza pe Copos (puscariasul) de plagiat. George Copos ("omul de afaceri") i-a copiat opera integral punand sinonime. Copos se ocupa cu evaziunea fiscala prin hoteluri; plagiatul este o infractiune grava pentru acest eliberat conditional. Ce om mic poate sa fie cand a spus: "Hai sa-l fur pe unul..."
Politicienii sunt corupti cu totii. Nu ne mai ajunge timpul istoric pentru a-i condamna pe toti.
"There's no doubt about it. We picked up several from different parts of the planet, took them aboard our recon vessels, and probed them all the way through. They're completely meat."
"That's impossible. What about the radio signals? The messages to the stars?"
"They use the radio waves to talk, but the signals don't come from them. The signals come from machines."
"So who made the machines? That's who we want to contact."
"They made the machines. That's what I'm trying to tell you. Meat made the machines."
"That's ridiculous. How can meat make a machine? You're asking me to believe in sentient meat."
"I'm not asking you, I'm telling you. These creatures are the only sentient race in that sector and they're made out of meat."
"Maybe they're like the orfolei. You know, a carbon-based intelligence that goes through a meat stage."
"Nope. They're born meat and they die meat. We studied them for several of their life spans, which didn't take long. Do you have any idea what's the life span of meat?"
"Spare me. Okay, maybe they're only part meat. You know, like the weddilei. A meat head with an electron plasma brain inside."
"Nope. We thought of that, since they do have meat heads, like the weddilei. But I told you, we probed them. They're meat all the way through."
"Oh, there's a brain all right. It's just that the brain is made out of meat! That's what I've been trying to tell you."
"So ... what does the thinking?"
"You're not understanding, are you? You're refusing to deal with what I'm telling you. The brain does the thinking. The meat."
"Thinking meat! You're asking me to believe in thinking meat!"
"Yes, thinking meat! Conscious meat! Loving meat. Dreaming meat. The meat is the whole deal! Are you beginning to get the picture or do I have to start all over?"
"Omigod. You're serious then. They're made out of meat."
"Thank you. Finally. Yes. They are indeed made out of meat. And they've been trying to get in touch with us for almost a hundred of their years."
"Omigod. So what does this meat have in mind?"
"First it wants to talk to us. Then I imagine it wants to explore the Universe, contact other sentiences, swap ideas and information. The usual."
"We're supposed to talk to meat."
"That's the idea. That's the message they're sending out by radio. 'Hello. Anyone out there. Anybody home.' That sort of thing."
"They actually do talk, then. They use words, ideas, concepts?" "Oh, yes. Except they do it with meat."
"I thought you just told me they used radio."
"They do, but what do you think is on the radio? Meat sounds. You know how when you slap or flap meat, it makes a noise? They talk by flapping their meat at each other. They can even sing by squirting air through their meat."
"Omigod. Singing meat. This is altogether too much. So what do you advise?"
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