Hemp seeds are one of the most wholesome and nutritious foods available today. Despite being closely related to the cannabis plant, hemp seeds have become widely popular as a health food in recent years.
The list of reasons to eat hemp seeds is vast, ranging from antioxidant and anti-aging properties to the prevention of heart disease and diabetes. Hemp seeds also contain all 10 essential amino acids, making them an ideal source of protein for vegetarians and meat eaters alike.
Hemp seeds usually come pre-shelled and appear small and round. When eaten raw, they have a mild nutty flavor that makes a pleasant addition to almost any recipe.
Interested in adding hemp seeds to your diet? Here are a few ideas to get you started.
Raw hemp seeds can provide a great nutritional boost to any salad. Sprinkle a few tablespoons of hemp seeds on top of your favorite spring mix and enjoy.
As the debate over legalizing marijuana heats up, many continue to dispute the value of marijuana as a treatment for various ailments. But, as the following facts show, history tells a much clearer story.
1. The earliest record of medical marijuana comes from ancient China.
In 2737 BC, Chinese Emperor Shennong wrote a book on medicine that included cannabis as a treatment for many conditions. According to ancient Chinese texts, cannabis was thought to be helpful for constipation, gout, rheumatism and absent-mindedness.
Interestingly, Shennong was not only an emperor but a pharmacologist as well. He was said to have tried hundreds of herbs on himself in order to test their medical value.
2. Ancient Egyptians were the first to use cannabis as a treatment for tumors.
The 2nd century Fayyum Medical Papyrus, an ancient Egyptian text, is believed to contain the earliest record of cannabis as an ingredient in cancer medicine.
While little is known about the successes of ancient Egyptian cancer treatments, cannabis continues to receive significant interest as a cancer therapy today.
3. Cannabis was used as a veterinary medicine in ancient Greece.
The ancient Greeks used cannabis to dress wounds and sores on their horses after battle. The plant was also given to humans for a variety of ailments, including ear pain and inflammation.
Interestingly, the practice of medical cannabis is believed to have spread to Arabic countries from ancient Greece.
4. Medical marijuana was introduced to Western medicine in the mid-1800s.
Many people who use marijuana say that it helps relieve anxiety. On the other hand, there are just as many who report feeling more anxious after using marijuana. Although the exact details remain a mystery, a possible explanation may lie in the specific chemical make-up of cannabis.
As most marijuana users are aware, not all cannabis is the same. There are a wide range of strains available, and many are believed to have unique effects on their user.
What makes strains unique from one another is their active ingredients, also known as cannabinoids. Although clinical research is lacking, knowing the differences between strains and how they affect anxiety can be helpful.
THC vs. CBD
The two most common chemicals in cannabis are THC and CBD. Although most strains contain both compounds, levels of THC and CBD tend to vary from strain to strain. Interestingly, research shows that THC and CBD can have opposite effects on anxiety.
THC is responsible for the marijuana high and is also strongly linked to feelings of paranoia, especially when taken in high doses. This is because THC activates an area of the brain responsible for fear — the amygdala.
CBD, on the other hand, is believed to counteract the mind-altering effects of THC. What's more, studies have shown that when taken on its own CBD can lower anxiety in both healthy and anxiety-prone individuals.
Types of Cannabis
The reason why marijuana is often associated with anxiety may be because most plants are bred to be rich in THC. The way CBD and THC are produced within the plant causes strains with high THC to have less CBD (and vice versa).
Just over half of rheumatology specialists believe cannabis or cannabis-based medicines can help in the treatment of rheumatic conditions like arthritis, according to a survey by the Canadian Rheumatology Association.
Of the 128 doctors that responded to the survey, 55% thought there was a role for cannabis or cannabinoids in treating rheumatic conditions. 45% said there was no role.
Despite the divide in opinion, the vast majority of respondents said they were unsure of how to prescribe cannabis.
Over 75% of respondents said they lacked confidence in their "current knowledge of the endocannabinoid system in health and disease." What's more, 90% of respondents said they would not feel confident writing a prescription that included dosing, frequency and method of administration.
Those that did feel confident recommending a dose offered 0.5-3 grams/day as a starting dose. A single dose per day was the most commonly recommended treatment schedule, with others suggesting 2-3 doses per day.
The lack of confidence among rheumatologists is concerning, conclude the authors of the survey, considering the widespread use of marijuana by patients with arthritis.
While prescription painkillers cause thousands of overdose deaths each year, no one has ever died from a marijuana overdose.
But is it even possible to overdose on weed? The answer is no, according to the National Cancer Institute. And here's why:
"Because cannabinoid receptors, unlike opioid receptors, are not located in the brainstem areas controlling respiration, lethal overdoses from Cannabis and cannabinoids do not occur."
In other words, marijuana and opioids affect different pathways of the body. Opioid pathways, also known as receptors, are present in areas of the brain that control breathing. As a result, taking too many painkillers can cause a person to stop breathing.
But marijuana acts on a completely different set of pathways. These pathways are called cannabinoid receptors and they do not affect respiration. Thus, marijuana cannot cause someone to stop breathing, no matter how much they ingest.
Another way of measuring a drug's safety is by its therapeutic index. The therapeutic index is the ratio between a drug's lethal dose and its therapeutic dose (amount that causes a therapeutic effect).
Studies show that marijuana has a therapeutic index of 40,000:1. This means someone would have to take 40,000 times the normal amount of marijuana in order to die.
According to the World Health Organization, marijuana is the most popular recreational drug worldwide. However, unlike many other recreational drugs, marijuana is widely used as a medicine as well.
This fact, along with marijuana's legal status, has led to much confusion over the differences between medical marijuana and recreational marijuana.
If you're feeling a bit puzzled yourself, here are a few things to consider.
1. The earliest use of marijuana was in medicine.
Critics often argue that marijuana's medical benefits are exaggerated by people who just want to use it for fun. But this is far from the truth.
In fact, the earliest records of marijuana come from ancient Chinese and Indian medical texts, in which the plant was described as a medicine with many uses. Some of these uses, such as arthritis and pain management, represent the most common conditions that marijuana is prescribed for today.
Likewise, recent surveys show that a majority of doctors believe cannabis still has a place in modern medicine.
2. Some types of marijuana can get you high.
It's true that marijuana is often used to get high, which is why it is labeled a recreational drug. The high is caused by a single chemical in marijuana known as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
THC acts on different parts of the brain to create a feeling of euphoria or pleasure. THC also stimulates appetite and sleep, and is known to enhance certain sensations such as smell, taste and temperature.
Over the past few decades, THC levels in marijuana have skyrocketed due to demand from recreational users.
But while ingesting THC may be fun for some users, experts believe the high can have medical benefit as well. For instance, euphoria may be a desirable effect for patients undergoing palliative care or for those who suffer from chronic pain.
Marijuana, unlike most modern day medicine, contains a wide range of chemical compounds. Scientists have identified over 60 unique molecules in cannabis known as cannabinoids, which include THC and CBD. Many other non-cannabinoid compounds are produced by the plant that also have regulatory effects.
For example, terpenes, the molecules responsible for marijuana's smell, have been shown to block some cannabinoid receptor sites in the brain while promoting cannabinoid binding in others. As a result, terpenes are believed to affect many aspects of how the brain takes in THC or CBD, while offering various therapeutic benefits of their own.
In fact, while THC has gotten most of the attention, studies suggest many of the compounds in marijuana work together to produce a synergy of effects. This is known as the 'entourage effect.'
Marijuana comes in thousands of different varieties, or strains. Different marijuana strains have vastly different chemical profiles that cause different experiences in the same person.
This explains why sometimes marijuana can make a person feel calm, while other times it can make that same person feel anxious or paranoid.
The chemical components of marijuana include, but are not limited to, terpenes, ketones, esters, lactones, alcohols, fatty acids, and steroids. The effects of all these chemicals working together and regulating each other will be much different than the effects of any one chemical working alone.
In other words, marijuana is made up of thousands of different chemicals that work together to produce some general effect. Change the recipe and you change the effect.
The Entourage Effect — An Example
One of the starkest examples of the entourage effect was a British study that gave patients pure THC intravenously one day, and then a mixture of THC and CBD intravenously a week later.
Nicky Taylor, the host of the BBC documentary "Should I Smoke Dope?," participated in the study and filmed it for the world to see:
Although she kept referring to cannabidiol (CBD) inaccurately as "cannabinoid," the end result was so illustrative of the entourage effect that it's hard to be too annoyed.
As you might know, we from TurismoAssociati.it are creating free certified applications for Windows Phone and we're having a Store on the Microsoft website where you can browse or download the useful, fun and educational apps: HERE IS THE LINK.
But today I want to present to you, our reader, an app created by another serious developer named Clickland.
Monetal, HERE IS THE LINK TO THE STORE, is the first finance/money tracker with multiple devices support for WP. It's really an useful and intuitive application. Personally, I've been using it for the last 12 months finding it's convenience more than welcomed on any smartphone or tablet using a WindowsPhone Operating System.
The first feature is it attracts wealth. It really does. One important rule of economy is keeping track of the expenses during the tax year, and this app just provides you the tools to keep sufficient records of your purchases during any day, week or month.
The great Groucho Marx once said: "Marriage is a wonderful institution, but who wants to live in an institution?". I'll say, married or not, you want to always have available a detailed payment history where you can consider in real time your costs, revenues or debts and to assess budgets of the different currency accounts.
The absolutely free version with no ads invites you to purchase the other two versions of the best WP7 and WP8 finance tracker ever for few extra bucks.
The app has instant loading and one can add a transaction with only 3 clicks. To start using Monetal, fist of all, you have to create one or more accounts by tapping the "+" button on the main screen; then type the name of the new account, its current balance and select a currency.
When you create a transaction hold your finger on the selected category and you will be prompted to add a note.
You can upload reports and create backups of your transactions to OneDrive. Don't forget that updating the app will help you find the currencies you need during your world travelling (first of all we've noticed that some time ago there was no romanian RON or LEU available to choose).
People who smoke marijuana before bed often struggle to recall their dreams the next morning. Yet, when these individuals stop smoking, they tend to experience more vivid dreams than before.
Marijuana is known to affect various aspects of sleep, including activities that are not involved with dreaming. But there's a simple reason why marijuana users tend to have less dreams.
This phenomenon can be explained by how marijuana affects the sleep cycle, specifically a stage known as rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.
Marijuana and REM Sleep
The brain is most active during REM sleep and most dreaming is thought to occur during this stage. Numerous studies have shown that using marijuana before bed reduces REM sleep. Researchers believe this is why marijuana users report fewer dreams.
During the night, the brain cycles through 4 different stages of sleep, spending the most time in deep sleep (or slow-wave sleep) and REM sleep. The amount of time spent in these two stages is closely related. In fact, studies show that marijuana lengthens the time the brain spends in deep sleep, which leads to less REM sleep.
Ingesting THC or marijuana before bed also appears to reduce the density of rapid eye movements during REM sleep. Interestingly, less REM density has been linked to more restful sleep.
Most studies on marijuana and REM sleep have looked at the effects of THC. However, other compounds in marijuana may interfere with THC's effect on sleep. For example, CBD has been found to promote wakefulness compared to taking THC alone.
What Happens When Quitting
Regular users of cannabis experience an abnormal increase in REM sleep when use is stopped. This is called the REM rebound effect, which leads to longer and denser periods of REM sleep. The REM rebound explains why cannabis users often experience highly vivid dreaming when trying to quit.
Marijuana users have reason to worry when it comes to taking a drug test. Marijuana is known to stay in the system for much longer than other drugs. What's more, the window of detection for THC is often unpredictable.
While infrequent users are usually clear within 3-4 days, a new study suggests that heavy users can still test positive on blood and urine tests following more than 2 weeks of abstinence.
To conduct the study, researchers recruited a group of 39 marijuana smokers who had used marijuana "daily or almost daily" for 6 months prior. The group was asked to submit to blood and urine tests during the detoxification process.
By the end of the study, more than half of blood and urine samples submitted still contained enough THC to trigger a positive reading on standard drug screens.
It's no secret that marijuana can affect a person's memory. In today's society, the stereotypical marijuana user is often perceived as someone who is forgetful and absent-minded.
But what does science say, and is there any truth behind this popular belief?
Effects On Memory
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, is known to impair nearly all aspects of memory. There is one exception, though. THC does not affect the recall of existing memories.
The most obvious effect of THC is the disruption of short-term memory. This means it will be harder to form new memories while high. THC also impairs the consolidation of short-term memories into long-term memories. This makes it difficult to remember what happened during the high — even after it wears off.
But THC does not impair your ability to recall existing memories. So, marijuana users will be able to remember things like their name and where they live, no matter how high they might get. Similarly, marijuana use does not lead to memory loss or dementia.
CBD is usually taken orally as a cannabis-based concentrate or extract. However, compared to smoking or vaporizing, ingesting cannabinoids orally poses a number of drawbacks, including inconsistent absorption and a delayed effect.
Vaporizing is considered a healthier alternative to smoking, and many cannabis users are now starting to switch. Unfortunately, most research involving vaporizers has focused only on THC. In fact, up till now, no study has been conducted on vaporizing CBD.
The very first study to investigate the process of vaporizing CBD was published Oct. 16 by a team at the University of Wollongong in Australia. Overall, it showed that CBD can indeed be vaporized using conventional cannabis devices. One of the most popular models, the Volcano vaporizer, was chosen for the study.
The team conducted experiments using combinations of purified THC and CBD, in order to determine the best way of administering CBD via vaporizer. Here’s what they found:
CBD begins to evaporate at a temperature of around 200°C (392°F), similar to THC, making it possible to release CBD as a gas without burning the plant matter.
In the study, vaporizing at 230°C (446°F) seemed to release more CBD than vaporizing at 210°C (410°F).
Vax Populi: Răzvan Anghelescu, realizator, reporter, autor de texte semiamuzante în publicatia altPHel.
Să lămurim niste lucruri. Nu îmi propun să fac misto de babe. Nu le dau bani să bată câmpii. Asa ca idee, mită primesc eu de la doamnele de la tară. Din păcate, e vorba de mere si de dulceată. Si nu, nu vreau să schimb numele emisiunii în Vox Populi. Ca să vă faceti o părere despre emisiune va recomand să vă uitati la ea măcar o dată, nu doar la clipurile pe care le pun eu aici.
*** Amintiti-va sa apasati "..." pentru a alege "Refresh" si "Go to Source" in Zona cu Detalii sau Video!
Gary Wenk, PhD, professor of neuroscience, immunology and medical genetics at Ohio State University, has studied how to combat brain inflammation for over 25 years.
His research has led him to a class of compounds known as cannabinoids, which includes many of the common ingredients in marijuana.
He says, throughout all of his research, cannabinoids have been the only class of drugs he's found to work. What's more, he believes early intervention may be the best way of fighting Alzheimer's.
Dr. Wenk doesn't see cannabinoids – or anything else – as a cure. But he took the time to discuss with us how marijuana might prevent the disorder from developing.
Q: What's so important about brain inflammation? Over the past few years, there's been a focus on inflammation in the brain as causing a lot more than Alzheimer's. We now know it plays a role in ALS, Parkinson's disease, AIDS, dementia, multiple sclerosis, autism, schizophrenia, etc.
We're beginning to see that inflammation in the brain, if it lasts too long, can be quite detrimental.
And if you do anything, such as smoke a bunch of marijuana in your 20s and 30s, you may wipe out all of the inflammation in your brain and then things start over again. And you simply die of old age before inflammation becomes an issue for you.
Q: Does this apply to other anti-inflammatories? Another analogy would be, if you're lucky enough to get arthritis by the age of 40, and you start taking a lot of anti-inflammatories, whatever it might be, your chances of getting Alzheimer's disease are very low because you've been treating yourself day after day with these anti-inflammatories in high doses.
So the epidemiology has been sort of tapped to say, 'look, inflammation is behind a lot of diseases and anything people do – that is, consume a drug, take a nutrient, or eat something that is anti-inflammatory – is beneficial.'
Since almost all people have a strong affinity to sex, a sexual subliminal message would be the most effective one. Embedded on a certain product it's supposed to trigger viewers attention, emotions and stir up affinity in him toward the product. Unfortunately, as you're going to see for yourself, this principle has been heavily misused, abused and misapplied. Blatant sexuality on the verge of pornography can be easily found in public advertising, family movies, cartoons and children products.
The famous Farrah Fawcett’s “SEX” in the hair:
This poster had been one of the major urban legends of the late 70s. It was always puzzling why this image in particular became incredibly popular (over 12 millions copies sold). After all, there were plenty of other posters of scantily clad attractive young women.
The word SEX in print media is usually embedded into hair, creases in clothing, facial lines, or rough background surfaces. Often some noise added to disguise it, like in the House snapshot, or it can be spelled as "ssex" or "sexx", etc.
Letter-looking patterns can naturally occur in such mediums. An artist usually looks for these patterns and starts from there. For example in the following Jantzen ad the letter "X" is already formed by the stitches of the man's shirt. Then the shadow of his hand was modified a bit to look like an "E" and the letter "S"—purportedly a water ripple—was lightly painted in the gap under his arm.
A one word guarantee:
Another technique is to write numerous SEXes in interweaving mosaic-like manner on a transparent overlay which can be superimposed onto any photograph at any intensity level desired. So in the next image there are many transparent words SEX written all over her face: forehead, lips, hair, chin etc. That's besides the crown concealing the word SEX in its design.