Di seguito tutti gli interventi pubblicati sul sito, in ordine cronologico.
1 – Cannabis seeds contain the "genotype" of the plant, the genetic code which provides the instructions for building the finished "phenotype". This DNA is often a hybrid of genetics from the three recognized cannabis sub-species: Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis.
2 – Many of the commercially available cannabis seeds are feminized: this means that they are likely (but not guaranteed!) to produce female plants rather than male ones. This is very handy for breeders who otherwise have to great lengths to make sure that they separate the male from the female plants.
3 – Genetics from the Ruderalis sub-species are often included in popular strains because this is the only one of the three main types which flowers based on age rather than the length of daylight exposure – thus creating autoflowering seeds. This, along with the fact that Ruderalis is a very hardy herb, means that it is prized for creating hybrids even though its natural THC content is extremely low.
4 – Cannabis seeds can be stored for years without significantly reducing their viability. They need to be somewhere dry, dark and cool; ideally they should be stored at around 6C, and in an air-tight or vacuum-packed container.
5 – The majority of cannabis seeds on the market are hybrids from a dizzying lineage of cross-breeds. Seeds of landrace strains are different: they’re from plants which occur naturally in the wild, and their genetics have been shaped by natural – rather than artificial – selection.
6 – Hemp oil, which is produced by pressing cannabis seeds, is used in the manufacture of a wide range of beauty products and plastics, but it is also prized as a food supplement because of its high levels of essential fatty acids (EFAs). The seeds themselves contain no THC, so hemp oil is not psychoactive.
7 – Cannabis is a pretty hardy weed, so it isn’t actually that difficult to get the seeds to turn into seedlings: they will grow whenever and wherever they get the chance. To germinate they need moisture, warmth and a little bit of time. Most seeds will start to produce roots within 72 hours of being tucked up somewhere damp and humid, and although they are very delicate at this stage, they will grow quickly if they get sufficient sunlight and nutrition.
8 – Cannabis seeds have been found on a wide range of archaeological sites, including in Viking ship burials and within the tombs of Chinese mummies. Often they appear in contexts where hemp was not widely used for rope or textiles, suggesting that it was the THC which appealed to the people who left the seeds there.
9 – In southern Poland there is a traditional soup called siemieniotka which is made from cannabis seeds. It is traditionally enjoyed at Wigilia, the Christmas Eve supper that forms the focal point of the Christmas festivities.
10 – The law regarding cannabis seeds changes from country to country – and even within countries. So while it’s perfectly legal to purchase and own cannabis seeds in many countries please check your local laws to make sure that owning a few seeds is not going to land you up in jail!
Seedscanner is currently comparing over 12,000 cannabis seeds (and counting!)
Canabinoizii sunt o clasa de substante chimice gasite in marihuana. Acestea sunt, de asemenea, ingredientele principale din tratamentele pe baza de canabis utilizate pentru scleroza multipla (MS), cum ar fi Sativex.
Dar, pana acum, cannabinoizii sunt recunoscuti doar pentru capacitatea lor de a gestiona simptomele acestei tulburari, dupa spusele cercetatorului american Yumin Zhang, MD, Ph.D, care evidentiaza si efectele psihoactive ale acestora drept un dezavantaj major.
Compusul THC (TetraHidroCanabinol - nota Redactiei TurismoAssociati) este deja utilizat cu siguranta in Canada si mai multe alte tari europene. Acesta are unele efecte in combaterea durerii si a spasticitatii. Dar pentru acesti canabinoizi exogeni, exista preocupare cu privire la efectul secundar.
Prin urmare, oameni de stiinta cum ar fi Dr. Zhang au inceput sa investigheze o varietate de canabinoizi sintetici - sperand sa imite efectele protective ale compusilor derivati din marijuana, reducand in acelasi timp psihoactivitatea acestora.
Dar studiile continua sa sugereze ca acest obiectiv ar putea fi greu de realizat.
Publicati online in revista Neuroscience, Dr. Zhang si colegii sai de la Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences au decis sa clarifice mai bine diferitele roluri ale cailor substantelor canabinoide pe un tipar de MS pe cobai.
In timp ce receptorii CB1 sunt responsabili de euforia asociata cu marihuana, receptorii CB2 nu au nici un efect euforizant si sunt, prin urmare, centrul atentiei noilor terapii canabinoide.
Dar, ca si multe dintre cele precedente, studiul a concluzionat ca este activitatea CB1, nu cea a CB2, care "contribuie in mod semnificativ la efectele anti-inflamatorii si neuroprotective ale canabinoizilor in scleroza multipla".
Intr-adevar, potentialul canabinoizilor de a proteja neuronii de daunele cauzate de MS (scleroza multipla) a oferit speranta pentru tratamentele ce pot vindeca, sau cel putin sa incetineasca, tulburarea degenerativa.
Dr. Zhang afirma ca unii produsi sintetizati precum CB52 - unul dintre canabinoizii utilizati in cel mai recent studiu - au demonstrat rezultate promitatoare in stadiile incipiente cercetarii. Cu toate acestea, este dificil sa se distinga efectele terapeutice de potentialul efect secundar, deoarece CB52 actioneaza asupra ambilor receptori CB1 si CB2.
Folosind acest compus, am constatat ca in studiile in vitro, au cu siguranta efecte mai bune in comparatie cu alti compusi. Acesta este unul dintre motivele pentru care il utilizam. Dar nu cunosc inca potentialul acestui medicament (drug = drog) pentru a fi folosit in studii clinice. Cred ca orice medicament (drog), daca este utilizat intr-o anumita doza elevata, are intotdeauna un efect secundar.
Dupa efectuarea unei serii de studii ce au implicat canabinoizii si modele de MS, Dr. Zhang admite ca ar putea fi ideal vizarea ambilor receptori CB1 si CB2 in loc doar a CB2.
Dar el spera ca noi droguri (in engleza drugs=medicamente - nota Red. TA) pot imbunatati eficacitatea canabinoizilor traditionali.
"Eu cred in continuarea ca activarea ambilor receptori CB1 si CB2 ar fi mai ideala," a spus doctorul Zhang.
"Cel mai important lucru este modul prin care sa imbunatatim efectele protective si in acelasi timp sa reducem efectele secundare. Augmentarea valorilor endogene ale canabinoizilor ar putea fi o alternativa si o abordare mai buna pentru tratamentul MS (sclerozei multiple), si eventual a altor boli neurologice."
Studiul a fost publicat inainte de tiparire si a primit finantare de la National Multiple Sclerosis Society, Defense Medical Research and Development Program si Uniformed Services University
Traducerea si adaptarea: Arturo Find pentru TurismoAssociati.it - Sursa: LeafScience - Cannabinoids Show Promise In Slowing MS, But 'High' Raises Concern (7 Oct, 2013 - Revised on 10/09/13)
Uniformed Services University
National Multiple Sclerosis Society
Defense Medical Research and Development Program
How hypocritical our society is? As an individual, nowadays, one should watch for the corrupt Government and Law enforcers...
Irvin Rosenfeld, a 56-year old stockbroker from Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., doesn't look like a record-setting pothead, but last week he woke up, turned on CNBC, and lit up his 115,000th joint.
If you think his dealer is thrilled to have a client who has smoked 10 to 12 joints a day for the past 28 years, you're wrong. Rosenfeld, who suffers from a rare form of bone cancer, isn't your typical weed smoker, and his dealer isn't your typical drug pusher. He gets his joints -- 300 at a time, one shipment every 25 days -- courtesy of the United States federal government.
"I don't know that I've broken a record, but I've certainly set one. No one else in the world can document having smoked 115,000 cannabis cigarettes – let alone the ones I smoked before that. I'm living proof that medical cannabis is real medicine. We need to get medicine in the hands of patients who really need it," said Rosenfeld.
Ironically, the government that supplies Rosenfeld with medical marijuana has for decades denied the drug's efficacy, penalized those states that legalized medicinal cannabis and -- until just months ago -- actively prosecuted suppliers in those states.
Rosenfeld said the drug acts as "a muscle relaxant, an anti-inflammatory, a painkiller and keeps tumors from growing."
What it does not do, he said, is get him high.
"I don't get high. I need the medicine; I'm not getting any euphoria," he said.
Rosenfeld said the marijuana allows him to maintain a normal life. He's been married for 36 years, goes to work every day, volunteers teaching disabled children to sail, and is working on a book.
His clients, he said, know about his marijuana use and are impressed by his doggedness.
"I always ask them, 'Have you ever met anyone who has taken on the federal government and won? If you want that kind of expertise and work ethic, then hire me.'"
The Drug War
When Rosenfeld began receiving marijuana from the federal government in 1982, he became the second patient to benefit under a narrowly defined "compassionate protocol" that supplied glaucoma and cancer patients with cannabis until the Federal Drug Administration's Investigational New Drug Program was disbanded a decade later.
Today, Rosenfeld is one of only four patients who continue to receive weed from the federal government. He is the longest surviving member of the program.
He uses the marijuana to treat two conditions -- one called multiple congenital cartilaginous exostosis, the other pseudohypoparathyroidism. They cause painful tumors to grow on his bones. His experience, he said, has led him to become one of the nation's most vocal proponents of medical marijuana use.
He has testified before the legislatures of several of the 13 states that have legalized cannabis for medicinal purposes and has for nearly three decades fought the federal government to allow him to continue to use pot.
Though marijuana -- even for medicinal use -- is outlawed under federal law, the government began supplying a handful of patients with the drug in the late 1970s. When the program was outlawed in 1992, Rosenfeld fought to continue receiving the drugs.
Diagnosed when he was 10 years old, Rosenfeld found marijuana helped with his pain when he tried it for the first time as a college student in the 1970s. Desperate not to use an illegal substance, he petitioned the Federal Drug Administration for five years to let him receive government-grown marijuana.
Every month for the last 28 years, Rosenfeld has received 300 joints from the government, sealed in large tins and delivered to his local pharmacy. The marijuana comes from cannabis plants grown by the government on a small farm at the University of Mississippi. The plants are sent to Raleigh, N.C., where the National Institute of Drug Addiction dries them and prepares the cigarettes.
The federal government has traditionally cracked down on states that allow medical marijuana. When the bulk of the program it ran was shut down in the early 1990s, Rosenfeld twice sued and won to be allowed access to federally-grown weed.
Despite the federal government's efforts to grow and produce high quality marijuana, the government's position is decidedly against its use.
The Drug Enforcement Agency does not refer to medical marijuana on its Web site without putting the word "medical" in quotes, and insists there is little science to support the use of smoking marijuana for medicinal purposes.
"There are no FDA-approved medications that are smoked. For one thing, smoking is generally a poor way to deliver medicine. It is difficult to administer safe, regulated dosages of medicines in smoked form. Secondly, the harmful chemicals and carcinogens that are byproducts of smoking create entirely new health problems. There are four times the level of tar in a marijuana cigarette, for example, than in a tobacco cigarette," the DEA says on its Web site.
In March, the Obama administration shifted federal policy away from prosecuting medical-marijuana dispensers in states where distribution had been legalized.
Only once, in 1983, was Rosenfeld arrested for possession. He was picked up in Orlando by a policeman who didn't initially believe his use was federally protected.
Ever since then, he said, he has carried a letter from his local police chief and a security officer at the Miami airport, explaining that he has permission to possess the drugs.
There are many reasons why people smoke marijuana. Some do it recreationally, some for medical purposes, and even some who consider it a part of their religion or spirituality.
In ancient times, cannabis was used in India by Hindu saints. Herodotus, an ancient Greek historian, wrote about its use in ceremonial practices by the Scythians, who were an Iranian tribe known for their use of horses.
In more recent times, the Rastafari movement that began in Jamaica promotes the spiritual use of marijuana. They use it as a way to worship their messiah, Haile Selassie, and as an aid to meditation. Rastafaris believe cannabis was the tree of life as described in the book of Genesis. Its use is sacramental and deeply religious, and it is believed smoking brings one closer to God. However, it is not necessary to smoke marijuana to be a Rastafari.
The Rastafari are not the only ones who hold this view of marijuana. In the year 2000 Roger Christie founded what is now known as the THC Ministry. In this religion, cannabis is considered to be a sacrament, not unlike communion. Members practice their religion with an emphasis on cannabis' healing and enlightening properties.
The cornerstone of the THC Ministry's belief is that the cultivation and use of marijuana is a human right provided by God and protected by the constitution. They believe cannabis was the original sacrament of almost every major world religion, and that the plant has the ability to satisfy our every desire.
The church's mission involves promoting use of the hemp plant and opening people's eyes to its benefits, and it is active in the legal and social issues surrounding its use in the Unites States. However, they ran into trouble with the law in 2010, when the founder and a few others associated with the ministry were accused of marijuana possession and trafficking. Since then, Christie has been in and out of court defending his beliefs.
Religions like Rastafari and the THC Ministry fall under an umbrella term called Cantheism. This is a modern term used for religions who base their beliefs on how awesome the cannabis plant is, while neither endorsing or condemning other religions or faiths that do not agree. Adherents to these religions can be known as cantheists, or cannabists. A treatise describing all the beliefs associated with Cantheism can be found here.
My favorite part about Cantheism is how seriously it approaches the matter. For example, the very first creed states: "I believe that Cannabis sativa is the useful cane and the true hemp." Part of the Cantheist code also states that followers "will share (their) faith, but not be obnoxious about it." In this kind of situation, I think it's important that religions centered around marijuana appear serious and professional, lest they be judged as a religion of pot heads.
Other churches, like the Universal Life Church, are welcoming to people who would consider themselves cantheists. Those who feel strongly about such matters and want to take it to the next level can even get ordained for free. The only requirement is that one's beliefs and practices may not discriminate or infringe on the rights of others.
While I personally have a more conservative approach, and would disagree with the notion of uniting cannabis and religion or spirituality, I understand why some choose to follow this path. Those who do should take it seriously, though, because faith and spirituality are serious things. With the way things are changing in the United States regarding marijuana laws, it seems logical to assume Cantheism will become more prevalent.
A foodie “gastro-guide” who was profiled last year for his popular food tours of Seattle that he personalizes, Bryce Lathrop from the White Mustache Urban Adventures is all set to add on to his set of specialized events, “high-end all-inclusive marijuana adventure”.
First Tour Slated on April 2, 2014
The first tour is said to take place on 2th of April. Lathrop is organizing the event to be a multi-day one which will include classes for cooking savory items as well as sweet items using marijuana along with a “behind the scenes access to dispensaries, head shops, and grow facilities,” that carries a promise of eating of loads of goodies and food in a “legal and responsible” way. Just as his other food tours, Lathrop and his other guides will be driving the participants of the tours themselves like always between the stops. Lathrop adds with great gusto -“There is zero reason for these people to have to drive or do anything; I’m tucking them in at the hotel at the end of the evening.” The drive to the hotel will be after a stop for a late night snack in a place like Dick’s Drive-in or even Loretta’s North Western in South Park. The total cost of the multi-day tours which includes about 3 nights in a, what Lathrop calls “5-star Seattle downtown hotel,” is $1420.
Legalization of Weed in Seattle Has Brought a Radical Change
Ever since marijuana was legalized in the Seattle, Lathrop reveals that he has been contacted by several potential pot tour takers; his tour business covers places like Vancouver and Portland. He is known to conduct a number of themed and specialized events like a tour he calls “Musical plates” that is a perfect combination of live music and food. When he was initially suggested to do pot tours, he turned it down. But one fine day, a client pointed out how extremely successful such ventures have been in Denver (where pots are legalized), he decided to give it a shot. Since a lot of food tours happen in the evenings, he decided the pot tour could help get his licensed limousine company engaged during off hours. He said,“Denver is really trying to pitch itself as the New Amsterdam, so I’m sure Seattle’s going to do it too. I just really wanted to be the first.” While he has been advertising this tour to travellers, many citizens of Seattle have requested him on his Facebook page to do scaled-down versions of this tour that is specialized for Seattleites.
In astronomia, si definiscono equinozi (dal latino "equi nox" cioè "notte uguale" al dì) i due istanti nel corso dell'anno in cui il Sole si presenta all'intersezione tra l'eclittica e l'equatore celeste, ovvero quando il Sole si trova perpendicolare all'equatore e la separazione tra zona illuminata e zona in ombra della Terra passa per i poli.
Nell'arco dell'anno si hanno due equinozi, uno a marzo, a partire dal quale le ore di luce aumenteranno fino al Solstizio d'Estate, e uno a settembre, a partire dal quale le ore di luce diminuiranno progressivamente fino al Solstizio d'Inverno. Nell'emisfero settentrionale, l'equinozio di marzo è l'equinozio di primavera, e l'equinozio di settembre quello d'autunno, mentre nell'emisfero meridionale questi termini risultano invertiti. Ma attenzione, contrariamente a quanto comunemente si pensi, l'istante nel quale il Sole passa attraverso ogni punto di equinozio può essere calcolato accuratamente, così che l'equinozio è sempre e solo un particolare istante, e non un giorno intero. Il punto dell'equinozio di primavera dell'emisfero settentrionale è anche chiamato punto vernale, punto dell'Ariete o punto gamma, mentre quello dell'equinozio d'autunno è anche chiamato punto della Bilancia.
Con l'equinozio di marzo, come tutti sappiamo, finisce l'inverno e ha inizio la primavera e la durata del giorno sarà maggiore di quella della notte, ma se in passato la data era fissata al 21 marzo (Concilio di Nicea del 325 d.C.), in epoca moderna l'inizio della bella stagione non avviene più in un giorno prefissato, bensì si tiene conto dell'equinozio astronomico, che varia a seconda di diversi fattori. Per questo motivo, a partire dalle prime scoperte astronomiche del XVI secolo, l'equinozio primaverile cade in una data compresa tra il 19 e il 21 marzo. Per esempio, alla fine del XVIII secolo, per cinque volte consecutive è caduto il 19 marzo, evento che si verificherà di nuovo solo nel 2044, mentre nel XXI secolo l'equinozio di primavera è coinciso con la data del 21 marzo solo nel 2003 e nel 2007 e la cosa non si ripeterà più fino al 2102.
Siamo entrati nel periodo della resurrezione, quando la natura, nell'eterno ciclo di morte e rinascita, torna a nuova vita dopo i lunghi mesi invernali. Un fenomeno che non riguarda solo il mondo vegetale poiché l'equinozio rappresenta un momento di rigenerazione e di risveglio sia naturale che spirituale. E' questo il momento dello schiudersi del seme nella terra, la rinascita di Persefone che dalle profondità della terra e dal gelo invernale genera una nuova vita, nonché l'inizio di un nuovo ciclo di spinta verso la vita, come il seme che sta per diventare fiore: un momento propizio per attuare le riflessioni maturate durate il letargico inverno e far pulizia fuori e dentro di noi, il momento per rinnovare pensieri, sogni e aspirazioni. Il nostro inconscio, ora più che mai, si rivelerà terreno fertile per farli crescere e dare i loro frutti.
Tourism in Colorado Boosted with Legalization of Marijuana
Since January 1, 2014 marijuana use was legalized in Colorado along with Washington. All the Cannabis supporters were happy with the state’s decision to legalize recreational marijuana. Marijuana business is just booming and companies already fear shortage. After this new legislation in Colorado, the increasing touristic affluence has greatly benefitted the private companies, majorly because of those people who look forward to participating in various activities involving recreational uses of marijuana. “I think it is a great idea, showing people around, showing people the different programs, showing them the different types of weed, showing them the different areas,” said cannabis tourist Debbie Grossett. Companies have included cannabis as a main subject while offering tourist packages, which involve cannabis cooking classes as well. Chefs demonstrate different ways of cooking by using cannabis in various dishes. For vacationers looking for an alternative relaxing vacation with joints rather than a beach vacation, Colorado is surely the place to go.
The Green Tours!
Tourists are also given the opportunity to explore marijuana fields, events, and parties that provide insights into the consumption and use of marijuana. These tours are famous by the term “green tours” and gaining popularity and acceptance from people who are curious to get information on cannabis. The tourist information desk at the Denver International Airport offers a list of around 20 facilities where marijuana selling and buying is legal. There are “bus ferries”, which take tourists for a tour of three marijuana dispensaries for about $399, excluding the cost of marijuana that they may buy over and above that!
Limitation on Possessing Marijuana
There is lot of leeway for the citizens of Colorado towards pot culture. One ounce per visit could be bought by the adults (21 years and older), and they can smoke it in privacy at their homes. However, visitors have restrictive access to marijuana. There are several federal and state laws which limit the tourists to buy a quarter ounce only, while there are consumption restrictions as well.
No Smoking Zones
The “No Smoking” zones include forests, Ski Mountains, historic sites, trails, national parks, and federal land. Hotels, restaurants, entertainment venues, and bars are covered by Clean Indoor Act, and these would also come under no smoking permission, including outdoor public spaces. Marijuana dispensaries have clearly put up instructions about the dos and don’ts related to the use of marijuana on their premises. Leftovers cannot be taken home. Tony Verzura, the co-founder of RiverRock dispensary in Denver stated, “You need to come educated about local laws and be prepared to ensure complete compliance, and avoid unnecessary trouble.” Though the current marijuana tourism revenues are impressive, its fortune may or may not be favorable. Of course, it has America’s first marijuana recreational shops , but Washington will soon follow the same this year.
Source: Cannabis News Network
HEMP vs. COTTON
Hemp fabric is softer, warmer, more water resistant and more durable.
One acre of usable hemp fiber is equal to two acres of cotton.
Hemp requires no pesticides, but cotton requires high amounts of pesticides.
Growing cotton leaves a scorched earth and polluted waters.
Organic alternatives have a lighter impact, but ultimately organic cotton is not nearly as sustainable as hemp.
Clearing the Smoke, reveals how cannabis acts on the brain and in the body to treat nausea, pain, epilepsy and potentially even cancer.
O solutie europeană pentru o problemă europeană: legalizarea canabisului. Organizatia ECI Weed are ca scop adoptarea unei politici comune in Uniunea Europeană, privind controlul si reglementarea productiei de canabis, utilizarea si vânzarea.
În prezent, există o hartă juridic eterogenă în ceea ce priveste politica canabisului în UE. Problema de coerentă si de discriminare merita cercetata. O politică comună privind controlul si reglementarea productiei de canabis, utilizarea si vânzarea lui, va ajuta la: (a) să asigure egalitatea în fata legii si a non-discriminării tuturor cetătenilor UE, (b) a proteja consumatorii si de a monitoriza precum si pentru a testa in laborator efectele asupra sănătătii; (c) punem punct traficului de canabis. Haideti să imbratisam legalizarea canabisului si armonizarea legislatiilor nationale disponibile in tarile europene. Ilegalizarea plantei a avut loc in anii 1930, avand efecte dezastruase asupra populatiei.
Faceti clic aici pentru a sustine această initiativă
Numărul de înregistrare atribuit de Comisia Europeană:
Adresa de internet a propunerii de initiativă cetătenească în registrul Comisiei Europene:
Numele persoanelor de contact înregistrate:
FESEFELDT Bendix, BALAS Pierre
Adresele de e-mail ale persoanelor de contact înregistrate:
Numele celorlalti organizatori înregistrati:
TOJA DE LA MUELA Delia, VERDAM Pieter David, VAN BERWAER Gaelle, TARDELL Miriam, LORIMER Marta
Pagina de internet a initiativei cetătenesti (dacă există):
Faceti clic aici pentru a sustine aceasta initiativa
Pentru a sustine o initiativă cetătenească europeană trebuie să fiti cetătean al UE (să fiti originar dintr-un stat membru al UE) si să aveti vârsta la care să puteti vota la alegerile pentru Parlamentul European (18 ani în toate tările cu exceptia Austriei, unde vârsta minimă este de 16 ani).
Mai multe informatii privind regulile si conditiile referitoare la initiativa cetătenească europeană: http://ec.europa.eu/citizens-initiative
Besides easing insomnia, marijuana seems to have a wide range of effects on sleep.
This is because chemicals in marijuana, known as cannabinoids, actually mimic the activity of chemicals found naturally in the brain.
These chemicals and their biological pathways make up the body's endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for regulating sleep, among other things.
Likewise, research shows that marijuana can also have a direct impact on sleep. Here's 5 of the most important effects that studies have identified so far.
1. Easier Falling Asleep
Some of the earliest research on marijuana and sleep shows that marijuana's main ingredient, THC, can significantly reduce the time it takes for both insomniacs and healthy people to fall asleep.
In a small study published in 1973, THC reduced the time it took for 9 subjects with insomnia to fall asleep by over an hour on average. However, the researchers noted that too high of a dose could counteract the effect.
THC was also found to ease falling asleep in a 2013 study involving healthy subjects.
2. Longer Sleep
Early studies also revealed that taking either THC or CBD before bed could lead to an increase in overall sleep. In one study, increasing the dose of THC also increased the amount of time spent sleeping.
However, higher doses of THC also caused a "hang over" feeling in some subjects when they woke up, while the feeling was not present at lower doses.
3. More Deep Sleep
Some of the more interesting effects of marijuana on sleep involve its impact on the sleep cycle. Studies show that THC can increase the amount of slow-wave sleep, also known as deep sleep, that an user experiences during their slumber.
This is likely a good thing, since deep sleep is believed to play a major role in the restoration process that occurs during sleep.
What's more, experts believe that the most damaging effects of sleep deprivation result from a lack of slow-wave sleep. For example, research has shown that reduced slow-wave sleep can be a strong predictor of high blood pressure in older men.
4. Shorter REM Sleep
Another way marijuana affects the sleep cycle is a reduction in REM sleep. Many people who smoke before bed report a lack of dreaming, which only occurs during REM sleep.
While less REM sleep could be seen as a negative effect of marijuana use, scientists are still not sure what purpose REM sleep actually serves.
However, people who quit after using marijuana on a frequent basis often experience an increase in REM sleep, also known as the "REM rebound" effect, which is accompanied by an increase in dreaming and restlessness during sleep. But this effect tends to wear off within days or weeks, depending on the individual.
5. Better Breathing
When it comes to medical use, marijuana could offer an incredible benefit to the approximately 25% of men and 9% of women who suffer from a disorder called sleep apnea.
Sleep apnea is characterized by disrupted breathing during sleep, and has been linked to a number of serious conditions, including diabetes and heart problems. Unfortunately, the vast majority of sleep apnea sufferers remain undiagnosed and untreated.
Even of those who seek treatment, many eventually give up on wearing a CPAP mask every night.
But that's where marijuana may help, as researchers are currently trialing THC as an alternative, with early results already showing promise. If clinical trials are successful, sleep apnea patients may one day have the option of swapping a bulky sleep mask for popping a few pills before bed.