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The Library of Congress has blocked access to the Wikileaks site on its staff computers and on the wireless network that visitors use, two sources tell TPM.

The error message reportedly reads:

" Ad or Website blocked by LC DNSBH. Advertisements or websites that may be malicious are blocked.
If this message appears in lieu of an advertisement (i.e., on part of the page), the advertisement site may be malicious. However the website is safe to use.
If this message appears on a page by itself, the website is blocked due to potential malicious content.
More information - LC IT Security "

A spokesman for the library could not immediately comment, but expects to have a statement shortly.

The library is a governmental institution and serves as the research arm for Congress. It was established in 1800 and, when it was burned down by the British in 1814, Thomas Jefferson donated his own personal library to replace it. (Not for free, though; Congress paid $23,950 for the books.) It has grown ever since and, according to the library, it has "more than 144 million items including more than 33 million cataloged books and other print materials in 460 languages; more than 63 million manuscripts; the largest rare book collection in North America; and the world's largest collection of legal materials, films, maps, sheet music and sound recordings."

The State and Commerce departments have also reportedly told their employees not to look at the Wikileaks cables, while the Department of Education reportedly blocked it entirely.


Library of Congress Is Latest Government Institution to Block WikileaksRepublished with permission from TalkingPointsMemo.com. Authored by Rachel Slajda. Photo via Wikipedia user Raul654. TPM provides breaking news, investigating reporting and smart analysis of politics.

Source: gawker.com

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[UPDATE: Anna Ardin did in fact make the whole story up as part of her 'seven step plan for revenge'. See here.]

One of the women who filed charges against Julian Assange is Anna Ardin. She stood in the elections to the community council for the social democrats and she is a public person who should be examined. So I'll publish her name.

Anna Ardin is christian, feminist, social democrat, animal rights activist, and opponent of abortion on the left political scene. She's previously been in charge of equality issues for the student union of Uppsala University - a job she won an award for. Today she works for the Brotherhood Movement and 'burns for peace and justice... for a just, open society of solidarity'. On her own blog she describes herself:

'A political scientist, communicator, entrepreneur, and freelance writer with special knowledge within faith and politics, gender equality issues, feminism, and Latin America.'

On Saturday 14 August at 14:00 she wrote the following on her Twitter account.



'Julian wants to go to a crayfish party, anyone have a couple of available seats tonight or tomorrow? #fb'

Early on the morning of Sunday 15 August (02:00) she writes again at Twitter.



'Sitting outdoors at 02:00 and hardly freezing with the world's coolest smartest people, it's amazing! #fb'

When Anna Ardin files a police complaint against Julian Assange on 20 August these tweets are removed. Why? As far as I can tell, it's not common for victims of crime to delete blogs, clean up their cellphones, and try to get witnesses to attest to things that aren't true. Why is it so important to remove these particular tweets?

If you know that the 'reported molestation' takes place on the night towards 14 August, then it all becomes easier to understand. The tweets actually indicate that Anna really liked Julian and that there had been no molestation 24 hours earlier. You can't divine in the tweets that Anna Ardin thinks Julian has a 'warped view of womanhood and can't take no for an answer'. The tweets are more an attempt by Ardin to shine in the brilliance of Julian Assange. Why else would she publish them on the Internet? The tweets don't match Anna's story given to the police on 20 August. So she simply deletes them.

Proof That Anna Ardin Is Hiding the Truth

In the beginning of September, I note that Anna Ardin has two identical 'miniblogs' - one at Twitter and the other at Bloggy.se. It looks as if Anna Ardin's tweets are posted to both blogs at the same time. The tweets that are deleted from Twitter are still visible at annaardin.bloggy.se. Anna missed the fact that she has to delete on each and every blog. Bad luck.

To see if Anna Ardin is really trying to hide her Twitter tweets, I post a comment to Sara Gunnerud's article WikiLeaks Heroes Can Also Do Stupid Things. The article is published at the Rebella blog, a social democratic feminist blog where Anna Ardin contributes and runs the website. In my comment I mention the deleted Twitter tweets. After five days, on 13 September, my comment is reviewed and removed directly. I then post a new comment where I mention that one can read the deleted Tweets at annaardin.bloggy.se. My comment is removed directly. A few hours later the entire Bloggy.se site is taken offline. When Bloggy.se reopens at 04:00 in the morning of 14 September, the tweets deleted from Twitter are also deleted from annaardin.bloggy.se.

But it's not as easy to remove things from the Internet as Anna Ardin thinks. Google takes snapshots of how web pages look - so called caches. If you search for the cached page for annaardin.bloggy.se you can see what it looked like on 19 August. (If the cache disappears,click here.) Then you can compare the page with how annaardin.bloggy.se and twitter.com/annaardin look.

As we can see, Anna Ardin is doing all she can to hide her tweets. Tweets that indicate Julian Assange is actually innocent of at least the charge of 'molestation' that he's been accused of. It looks like Anna Ardin is doing all she can to get Julian Assange convicted. By deleting and denying acquitting circumstances, she's perhaps making herself guilty of false accusation.

Penal Code Chapter 15, 7 § A person who, otherwise than in 6 §, with prosecutors, police or other authority falsely testifies of a criminal act, provides compromising circumstances, or denies acquitting or mitigating circumstances, shall be found guilty, if authority review such a case, of false accusation to imprisonment not exceeding two years or, if the crime is petty, to a fine or imprisonment not exceeding six months.

The Assange case gets really creepy if we take everything that's happened into account. Anyone wanting to read more can see this article and this article. Julian lives in Anna Ardin's flat from 11 August until 19-20 August. During this time Julian and Anna have sex. Around 18-19 August Anna gets a call from a woman wanting to speak to Julian. When Anna realises that Julian's also had consensual sex with this woman, something happens. The two women who are both christians and are connected to the Brotherhood Movement and were at the seminar at the Brotherhood Movement realise immediately that Julian doesn't have any long term serious intentions with them. They decide after discussing the matter to file complaints against Julian Assange for sexual molestation.



It might seem strange that a christian social democrat feminist would avail herself of legislation to get revenge on a man who is 'unfaithful'. When you read about Anna Ardin's post about revenge, it's no longer strange. It's completely natural. Anna Ardin has for a long time wondered how she can exact revenge on a man who dumps her, is unfaithful. When the other woman turns up, she has the opportunity to do something about her ideas. Anna Ardin plans it all well. She gets another woman to make the actual rape accusation. A case of 'revenge by proxy'. And then she gets help from Claes Borgström who's done all he can to try to get Julian Assange put on trial, frenetically cheered on by the feminist blogs.

But the truth wins out in the end. Anna's perfect 7-Step Programme for Legal Revenge failed. One deletion too few. And the Google cache. Too bad, Anna. The ways of the Lord are truly mysterious.

I'm very surprised that christian feminist 'equality' women can so idolise a WikiLeaks hero that they do all in their power to get him into bed as soon as they have the chance. And then, when they realise he's not as interested in them as they are in him, go to the police and accuse him of rape. This demonstrates an extreme contempt for the women who are real victims of violence and sexual crimes. Their behaviour is unconscionable.

If you're a groupie at heart, why not just try to keep quiet about it? It's nothing you should spread on the net or go to the police to talk about. As things look now, Anna Ardin's carefully planned character assassination and revenge on Julian Assange amounts to nothing more than a suicide bomb on her foot. A bit unlucky for Anna that Google cache keeps track of things like an Internet god. If you're going to delete, then delete good and proper.

All that remains is to see what the preliminary investigation leads to. According to the prosecutors:

'The investigation is well advanced and only a small number of investigative procedures remain to be taken before a decision.'

If the prosecutors conclude that this is a case of false accusation, then hundreds of thousands of men who claim most rape complaints are false will win their argument. This will unfortunately also lead to making it much more difficult to get justice for real victims. That would be a catastrophe.

But something good will come out of this story. We are going to learn that just because you're christian, feminist, social democrat, animal rights activist, and opponent of abortion, it doesn't mean you believe in equal rights for women and men.

Göran Rudling, born in 1951, is the editor of Samtycke Nu/Consensus Now, a site promoting sexual self-determination that uses the motto 'it is a human right to decide for oneself when and with whom we are going to have sex'. Rudling is a frequent contributor to Newsmill where he writes about the need to introduce democratic laws that are based on sexual activities needing to be consensual to not be considered criminal.

See Also
WikiLeaks: Support WikiLeaks
Rixstep: Assange/WikiLeaks RSS Feed
Radsoft: Assange/WikiLeaks RSS Feed
Radsoft News: Assange: Aftonbladet's 'Inside Story'
Samtycke Nu: Fallet Assange: Uppgifter raderas om och om igen

Source: radsoft.net/ - Sensational news: extraordinary Internet detective work by Göran Rudling. From 30 September 2010.

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In its first months in office, the Obama administration sought to protect Bush administration officials facing criminal investigation overseas for their involvement in establishing policies the that governed interrogations of detained terrorist suspects. A "confidential" April 17, 2009, cable sent from the US embassy in Madrid to the State Department—one of the 251,287 cables obtained by WikiLeaks—details how the Obama administration, working with Republicans, leaned on Spain to derail this potential prosecution.

The previous month, a Spanish human rights group called the Association for the Dignity of Spanish Prisoners had requested that Spain's National Court indict six former Bush officials for, as the cable describes it, "creating a legal framework that allegedly permitted torture." The six were former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales; David Addington, former chief of staff and legal adviser to Vice President Dick Cheney; William Haynes, the Pentagon's former general counsel; Douglas Feith, former undersecretary of defense for policy; Jay Bybee, former head of the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel; and John Yoo, a former official in the Office of Legal Counsel. The human rights group contended that Spain had a duty to open an investigation under the nation's "universal jurisdiction" law, which permits its legal system to prosecute overseas human rights crimes involving Spanish citizens and residents. Five Guantanamo detainees, the group maintained, fit that criteria.

Soon after the request was made, the US embassy in Madrid began tracking the matter. On April 1, embassy officials spoke with chief prosecutor Javier Zaragoza, who indicated that he was not pleased to have been handed this case, but he believed that the complaint appeared to be well-documented and he'd have to pursue it. Around that time, the acting deputy chief of the US embassy talked to the chief of staff for Spain's foreign minister and a senior official in the Spanish Ministry of Justice to convey, as the cable says, "that this was a very serious matter for the USG." The two Spaniards "expressed their concern at the case but stressed the independence of the Spanish judiciary."

Two weeks later, Sen. Judd Gregg (R-N.H.) and the embassy's charge d'affaires "raised the issue" with another official at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The next day, Zaragoza informed the US embassy that the complaint might not be legally sound. He noted he would ask Cándido Conde-Pumpido, Spain's attorney general, to review whether Spain had jurisdiction.

On April 15, Sen. Mel Martinez (R-Fla.), who'd recently been chairman of the Republican Party, and the US embassy's charge d'affaires met with the acting Spanish foreign minister, Angel Lossada. The Americans, according to this cable, "underscored that the prosecutions would not be understood or accepted in the US and would have an enormous impact on the bilateral relationship" between Spain and the United States. Here was a former head of the GOP and a representative of a new Democratic administration (headed by a president who had decried the Bush-Cheney administration's use of torture) jointly applying pressure on Spain to kill the investigation of the former Bush officials. Lossada replied that the independence of the Spanish judiciary had to be respected, but he added that the government would send a message to the attorney general that it did not favor prosecuting this case.

The next day, April 16, 2009, Attorney General Conde-Pumpido publicly declared that he would not support the criminal complaint, calling it "fraudulent" and political. If the Bush officials had acted criminally, he said, then a case should be filed in the United States. On April 17, the prosecutors of the National Court filed a report asking that complaint be discontinued. In the April 17 cable, the American embassy in Madrid claimed some credit for Conde-Pumpido's opposition, noting that "Conde-Pumpido's public announcement follows outreach to [Government of Spain] officials to raise USG deep concerns on the implications of this case."

Still, this did not end the matter. It would still be up to investigating JudgeBaltasar Garzón—a world-renowned jurist who had initiated previous prosecutions of war crimes and had publicly said that former President George W. Bush ought to be tried for war crimes—to decide whether to pursue the case against the six former Bush officials. That June—coincidentally or not—the Spanish Parliament passed legislation narrowing the use of "universal jurisdiction." Still, in September 2009, Judge Garzón pushed ahead with the case.

The case eventually came to be overseen by another judge who last spring asked the parties behind the complaint to explain why the investigation should continue. Several human rights groups filed a brief urging this judge to keep the case alive, citing the Obama administration's failure to prosecute the Bush officials. Since then, there's been no action. The Obama administration essentially got what it wanted. The case of the Bush Six went away.

Back when it seemed that this case could become a major international issue, during an April 14, 2009, White House briefing, I asked press secretary Robert Gibbs if the Obama administration would cooperate with any request from the Spaniards for information and documents related to the Bush Six. He said, "I don't want to get involved in hypotheticals." What he didn't disclose was that the Obama administration, working with Republicans, was actively pressuring the Spaniards to drop the investigation. Those efforts apparently paid off, and, as this WikiLeaks-released cable shows, Gonzales, Haynes, Feith, Bybee, Addington, and Yoo owed Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton thank-you notes.

By David Corn | Sourced from Mother Jones

Source: alternet.org

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France: The French minister for industry, energy and digital economy, Eric Besson, wrote to CGIET, the body governing internet use, to ask that hosting for WikiLeaks in France be terminated, reports Libération. WikiLeaks has been partly hosted by French provider OVH since December 2nd, after Amazon cancelled its hosting service under political pressure from Sen. Lieberman's office.

Besson wrote that "The situation is unacceptable. France cannot host websites that violate diplomatic relations secrecy and endanger persons protected by diplomatic confidentiality. We cannot host sites that have been called criminal and rejected by other countries on the basis of harm to national rights." One would be tempted to ask Mr. Besson whether he is suggesting that Le Monde cannot be hosted in France either, seeing as how the paper has published exactly the same material as WikiLeaks.

OVH however did not bow to the pressure, responding in a letter that it will refer the issue of the legality of hosting WikiLeaks to a judge, and that "it was not up to the politicians or OVH to request or decide the closure of the site."

Pakistan: The Lahore High Court on Friday dismissed a petition seeking a ban on the Wikileaks website. The petition argued that "since Pakistan had good bilateral relations with a number of countries, particularly Saudi Arabia, the leakage of secret information would adversely affect these ties," reports Pakistan Dawn

High Court Justice Sheikh Azmat Saeed dismissed the petition, calling it non-maintainable. "We must bear the truth, no matter how harmful it is," Justice Saeed was quoted as saying.

Russia: While the Washington Times prominently featured an op-ed by Jeffrey T. Kuhner titled "Assassinate Assange," Pravda's legal editor David R. Hoffman argues for transparency and a free press:

"And we see many right-wing commentators demanding that Assange be hunted down, with some even calling for his murder, on the grounds that he may have endangered lives by releasing confidential government documents.

Yet, for the right-wing, this apparently was not a concern when the late columnist Robert Novak "outed" CIA agent Valerie Plame after her husband Joseph Wilson authored an OP-ED piece in The New York Times criticizing the motivations for waging war against Iraq. Even though there was evidence of involvement within the highest echelons of the Bush dictatorship, only one person, Lewis "Scooter" Libby, was indicted and convicted of "outing" Plame to Novak. And, despite the fact that this "outing" potentially endangered the lives of Plame's overseas contacts, Bush commuted Libby's thirty-month prison sentence, calling it "excessive."

Why the disparity? The answer is simple: The Plame "outing" served the interests of the military-industrial complex and helped to conceal the Bush dictatorship's lies, tortures and war crimes, while Wikileaks not only exposed such evils, but also revealed how Obama's administration, and Obama himself, are little more than "snake oil" merchants pontificating about government accountability while undermining it at every turn.[...]

And damn the right-wing outrage over the Wikileaks revelations. It is the American people who should be outraged that its government has transformed a nation with a reputation for freedom, justice, tolerance and respect for human rights into a backwater that revels in its criminality, cover-ups, injustices and hypocrisies.

So savor the Wikileaks documents while you can, because soon they'll be gone. And for the government criminals of the world, and for those who protect them, it will again be business as usual."

United States: We have already covered Amazon, Tableau and EveryDNS dropping WikiLeaks services, and at least the first two clearly linked to political pressure. It had been already reported that the State Department had prohibited its staff from accessing WikiLeaks, but now we learn that it went as far as to warn prospective student interns to "NOT post links to these documents nor make comments on social media sites such as Facebook or through Twitter."

And in an even more surprising development, Talking Points Memo reports that the Library of Congress has blocked access to the Wikileaks site on its staff computers and on the wireless network that visitors use.

If something looks wrong with this picture, it probably is.

Cablegate releases are reachable at http://statelogs.owni.fr or via torrent search


Brian Todd reports on a James Bond-like cave in Sweden which now hosts some of Wikileaks' servers.

Bahnhof Pionen White Mountains - 
http://translate.google.ca/translate?...

More White Mountains Data Center Video Here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qwlATf...

http://datacenterpulse.org/

http://cablegate.wikileaks.org/

http://www.cableleaks.com/

http://statelogs.owni.fr/

http://twitter.com/cableleaks

http://twitter.com/wikileaks

http://mirror.wikileaks.info/

http://wikileaks.org/

Video Courtesy of CNN http://www.cnn.com/video/

*FAIR USE* http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92ch...

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Via The Guardian and WikiLeaks:

"WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange is at the centre of intense media speculation and a hate campaign against him in America, following the leak of 250,000 US diplomatic cables.

He will be live online to answer Guardian readers' questions at 1pm today, subject to his access to an internet connection - which is very much a live issue. His online interview comes at the end of a week of shocking revelations from the cables and on a day when WikiLeaks has been fighting US attempts to take its website down.

Assange will answer your questions in the comments section below. From 1pm you will need to navigate to the latest comments for his replies."

The Guardian page is here.

Update 1: The Q&A page proved so popular that it crashed the Guardian website. "...please be patient: the Guardian site is under *huge* load because of the #Wikileaks Julian Assange Q+A," tweeted @guardiantech.

Update 2: The Guardian has posted Julian Assange's answers here.

Read more.

Source: wlcentral.org

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By Admin (from 03/12/2010 @ 16:00:26, in en - Global Observatory, read 1502 times)

Daniel Ellsberg has posted an open letter to Amazon at Antiwar.com:

"I’m disgusted by Amazon’s cowardice and servility in abruptly terminating today its hosting of the Wikileaks website, in the face of threats from Senator Joe Lieberman and other Congressional right-wingers. I want no further association with any company that encourages legislative and executive officials to aspire to China’s control of information and deterrence of whistle-blowing.[...]

I understand that many other regular customers feel as I do and are responding the same way. Good: the broader and more immediate the boycott, the better. I hope that these others encourage their contact lists to do likewise and to let Amazon know exactly why they’re shifting their business."
Read more

Source: wlcentral.org

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DNS provider EveryDNS.net has dropped the wikileaks.org domain, apparently after DDoS attacks, WikiLeaks has said on Twitter.

EveryDNS explained its decision: "The interference at issue arises from the fact that wikileaks.org has become the target of multiple distributed denial of service (DDOS) attacks. These attacks have, and future attacks would, threaten the stability of the EveryDNS.net infrastructure, which enables access to almost 500,000 other websites."

You can still reach WikiLeaks via http://46.59.1.2/, http://213.251.145.96/ or athttp://collateralmurder.com as of the time of this update.

You can support WikiLeaks via http://46.59.1.2/support.html , http://213.251.145.96/support.html , https://donations.datacell.com/ or http://collateralmurder.com/en/support.html

Cablegate releases are reachable at http://statelogs.owni.fr or via torrent search.

Update: WikiLeaks is now accessible at http://wikileaks.ch/

Read more

Source: wlcentral.org

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By Admin (from 03/12/2010 @ 12:00:55, in en - Video Alert, read 1527 times)

Having broken up disastrously in the previous episode, J.D. and Elliot try to avoid each other around the hospital. J.D.'s distress isn't made any easier when he finds out that his favorite high school teacher -- who wrote the reference that led J.D. to go into medicine -- recently died. His reaction to the news is typical J.D., though: he cracks a joke about it.

Cox destroys Franklyn's lab

 

That same day, Dr. Cox gets angry and destroys Franklyn's lab when his test results don't come back on time. That night, he goes to J.D.'s house and takes him to a bar (dragging J.D. out in his pajamas) where they spend the night drinking, and Cox tells J.D. that he can't take it anymore at the hospital. But, much to the confusion of J.D., Dr. Cox comes to work the next day in a good mood. When J.D. confronts him about it, Dr. Cox explains that everybody needs to release their emotions at times.

Meanwhile, Turk asks Elliot to help him with his studying, but leaves him when The Todd claims that she was only picked for being a geek. Later, Turk explains that he chose Elliot for his partner to encourage her and J.D. to make up with one another. The two do just that, and the episode ends with J.D., Elliot, Turk and Carla throwing food off the roof of the hospital, much to the Janitor's horror.


Read more: http://scrubs.wikia.com/wiki/My_Heavy_Meddle#ixzz14hEYk32r

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By Admin (from 03/12/2010 @ 10:00:18, in ro - Stiinta si Societate, read 1737 times)

 Plasticitatea. Un concept care a revolutionat neurostiintele in ultimii 20 de ani. Se credea ca, dupa maturizarea creierului, acesta nu mai are capacitatea de a se modifica. Acum se stie ca neuronii se afla in miscare, in cautarea unor conexiuni corecte. Se conecteaza, se deconecteaza, pana gasesc o combinatie utila pentru organism.

In momentul in care ne insusim, de pilda, un cuvant, o informatie noua, neuronii nostri se conecteaza pentru a le intelege sensul si pentru a le memora. E posibil ca aceste noi conexiuni (sinapse) sa se dezactiveze foarte repede si noile cuvinte sa dispara din memorie. Daca repetam cuvintele de cateva ori, sinapsele se vor restabiliza creand un „rezervor” de memorie neuronala, mai mult sau mai putin durabil.

Acest lucru e valabil in cazul tuturor stimulilor externi si interni pe care creierul nostru ii recepteaza, cu conditia sa fie noi. O experienta traita, un nou miros, un gust inedit, o reflectie profunda determina retelele neuronale sa se reorganizeze pentru a trasa un drum privilegiat al circulatiei informatiei.

Neuronii stimulati pot crea numeroase sinapse pentru a mari eficacitatea circuitului. Acest fenomen poarta numele de plasticitate. Se pune insa intrebarea: doar sinapsele asigura plasticitatea creierului? A existat aceasta convingere pana in momentul in care s-a descoperit faptul ca retelele neuronale ar putea fi intarite prin aparitia unor noi neuroni! In urma cu zece ani se credea ca fiecare individ se naste cu un capital de neuroni care incep sa moara incepand cu varsta adulta. O premisa falsa!

Mai multe echipe de cercetatori au descoperit in ultimul deceniu probe de neurogeneza adulta in cazul pasarilor, sobolanului, maimutelor si omului. Un proces de regenerare care ar surveni sub efectul diferitilor factori: acumularea de cunostinte, exercitiile fizice sau starea de bine. O alta surpriza a aparut in urma observatiilor la microscop. Concluzia a fost urmatoarea: plasticitatea cerebrala nu constituie apanajul neuronilor.

Exista si alte tipuri celulare in creier, cum ar fi celulele gliale, de 5-10 ori mai numeroase decat neuronii, care ar juca un rol important in crearea unor „rezervoare” de memorie. Si asta in urma unor exercitii de invatare care angajeaza circuitele neuronale ale creierului mic. In acest caz, nu doar numarul contactelor sinaptice creste, ci si suprafata unui tip de celule gliale (astrocitele) care ar fi capabile sa se transforme in neuroni in caz de leziune. O speranta pentru terapiile viitorului!

Asadar, creierul nostru se modifica tot timpul. Din fericire, nu toate zonele sunt fluctuante. De pilda, trunchiul cerebral, creierul profund, „primitiv” ramane rigid si imuabil pentru a mentine functiile vitale (respiratia, ritmul cardiac, temperatura corporala...). Plasticitatea sinaptica se manifesta in creierul limbic (compus din amigdala, hipocamp...) existent la cea mai mare parte dintre mamifere, care participa la formarea amintirilor si controleaza emotiile si motivatiile.

Dar, mai ales, plasticitatea e activa in cortex, o zona care acopera emisferele cerebrale si care este sediul functiilor mentale la mamiferele superioare. In contact cu mediul exterior, prin organele senzoriale, acesta se afla in reorganizare constanta pentru a se adapta la toate schimbarile, pentru a se proteja, pentru a se imbogati.

Si asta, din prima zi a vietii. La nastere, bebelusul e deja dotat cu cateva conexiuni esentiale, conform programului genetic, care-i asigura vederea, auzul, vorbirea, motricitatea, dar toate astea nu reprezinta decat o mica parte din conexiunile definitive. Creierul, care se maturizeaza lent, se va modela in functie de conditiile de mediu in care evolueaza.

DORIN MARAN - Revista Magazin

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Per la storica linea ferroviaria della Furka è iniziata una nuova primavera. Il tratto fra Gletsch e Oberwald, in Vallese, è stato riaperto giovedì, quasi 30 anni dopo l'abbandono. Migliaia di volontari provenienti da tutta l'Europa hanno duramente sgobbato per il ripristino.

Il Glacier Express è una delle attrazioni turistiche più note della Svizzera. Lo spettacolare collegamento ferroviario tra la celebre località vallesana di Zermatt e quella grigionese di St. Moritz, si snoda attraverso selvaggi paesaggi alpini e i passi della Furka, dell'Oberalp e dell'Albula.

I convogli Glacier Express, fino al 1981, attraversavano anche la galleria dello Scheiter, a 2'162 metri di altitudine, ossia quasi all'altezza del passo della Furka. Il tratto fra Oberwald (Vallese) e Realp (Uri) era però percorribile solo in estate, ossia durante circa quattro mesi. Nel resto dell'anno non c'era alcun "Espresso dei ghiacciai".

L'apertura della galleria di base della Furka, nel 1982, ha consentito al Glacier Express di circolare tutto l'anno. Ma dal suo percorso è scomparsa la vista panoramica sul Ghiacciaio del Rodano, da cui aveva preso il nome.

 

Salvataggio: dal sogno alla realtà

Una lacuna che è ora stata colmata con il ripristino del vecchio tratto montagnoso della Furka: un troncone di poco meno di cinque chilometri in uno spettacolare scenario naturale che da giovedì, dopo un'interruzione di 29 anni, consente nuovamente di percorrere interamente in treno lo storico tracciato fra Realp e Oberwald.

La rinascita del collegamento è stata resa possibile dall'infaticabile impegno di appassionati di ferrovie che, nel 1983, hanno fondato un'associazione per il salvataggio di questa tratta di montagna. In quasi trent'anni di faticosi lavori di rinnovo, migliaia di volontari sono riusciti a raggiungere l'obiettivo, compiendo un'impresa che, inizialmente, molti avevano giudicato una semplice chimera.

Questi idealisti sono invece riusciti a concretizzare anche nei dettagli quello che ai pragmatici era apparso un sogno irrealizzabile. Hanno persino riportato in Svizzera locomotive a vapore originali, che durante la Seconda guerra mondiale erano state vendute in Vietnam. Con tenacia hanno "strappato" ai pericoli della natura la linea di 17,8 chilometri, che era continuamente minacciata da frane, slavine, smottamenti e inondazioni.

E adesso si viaggia!

Dopo anni di intensi sforzi, per i salvatori della mitica linea è ora giunto il momento di godersi come si deve il trionfo. L'inaugurazione dell'ultimo tratto è dunque celebrata con tre giornate di festeggiamenti. "È un successo formidabile", commenta il direttore della compagnia Dampfbahn Furka-Bergstrecke (DFB) Peter Bernhard. Come premio ai volontari che hanno permesso tutto questo è stato offerto il viaggio su un treno speciale, ancora prima di quello degli ospiti invitati alla cerimonia inaugurale. Questa è l'ultima di una serie di tappe che lentamente hanno fatto rivivere una ferrovia epica. La rinascita era iniziata nel 1992 con la rimessa in esercizio del tratto Realp-Tiefenbach. Otto anni dopo, dall'altra parte della galleria dello Scheitel, il treno a vapore raggiungeva Gletsch. La località al bivio delle strade per i passi della Furka e del Grimsel.

Estensioni con limiti

Negli intenti dei gestori, Gletsch in futuro dovrebbe rivestire un importante ruolo nell'offerta turistica della ferrovia a vapore. In particolare, si pensa di allestire un servizio di pullman turistici che colleghino in mezz'ora Oberwald e Gletsch. Da lì si potrebbe poi proseguire il viaggio in autobus, per esempio attraverso il passo del Grimsel. Nei piani c'è anche l'elettrificazione dell'intera linea.

Tutti i progetti di estensioni al momento sono però frenati. Il numero dei giorni d'esercizio – una settantina all'anno – e quello dei tragitti sono infatti limitati. Inoltre gli oneri di manutenzione del vecchio materiale rotabile sono enormi. Già con i circa 25mila passeggeri che in media finora si registravano annualmente sul tratto fra Realp e Gletsch "eravamo al limite", dice il responsabile del marketing della DFB Paul Güdel.

Gerhard Lob/ Fonte: swissinfo.ch - Traduzione dal tedesco: Sonia Fenazzi

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