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Di seguito tutti gli interventi pubblicati sul sito, in ordine cronologico.
 
 

Tutto è studiato per attirare la nostra attenzione e indurci a scelte commerciali spesso con inganni od omissioni. 

Quindi la necessità di approfondire la tematica "stile di vita" come elemento sempre più importante nella prevenzione e nell'affiancamento della terapia è ormai un dovere per ogni medico e paziente attento alla salute. 

Sempre più spesso accedono al mio ambulatorio persone che sviluppano patologie che dipendono da uno scorretto stile di vita. La domanda è sempre la stessa "ma dottore perché mi è successo…ho sempre vissuto così e non è mai successo nulla!" Ed io ad usare la solita metafora del bicchiere che goccia dopo goccia impiega molto tempo a riempirsi ma poi trabocca. 

Inoltre gli stimoli che inducono una risposta alla domanda iniziale sono l'interesse per la terra, l'amore per la natura, l'attenzione per l'ecologia, per la coltivazione biologica, e, per un atavico richiamo dei nostri geni, che si esprime in tante persone, per esempio, curando un piccolo orto. 
Così nel tempo si sono accumulate sulla scrivania notizie sempre più inquietanti, che al di là di un allarmismo forse eccessivo, meritavano una attenta disamina. 

"Nel 2030 stop carne per tutti" titolava un articolo che dimostrava come presto non ci sarà più terra a disposizione per far crescere il nutrimento per gli animali da allevamento, un altro sottolineava il problema della scarsa qualità delle proteine animali sulle nostre tavole. I polli si nutrono con scarti di pesce e i pesci d'allevamento crescono grazie agli scarti dei polli cosicchè il risultato dopo molte generazioni è che il gusto di queste carni sono molto simili e di scarsa qualità nutritiva. Di fronte alle 24.000 persone che ogni giorno muoiono per fame (18.000 sono bambini al di sotto di 5 anni di età) i 22 kg di cereali per produrre 1 kg di carne da mettere sulle nostre tavole, il cosiddetto rapporto di conversione, colpisce troppo. Come l'enorme quantità di scarti di macellazione (il 60%!!). Le nostre bistecche e i nostri hamburger stanno costando troppo care ad una parte dell'umanità e non da nessuna possibilità di futuro ai nostri figli in termini di sostenibilità globale.

Per non parlare dell' acqua, il grande tema sempre più di attualità, che a noi, gente di montagna, tocca poco da vicino ma che ha delle derive mondiali inquietanti per il prossimo futuro. Il recente rapporto The Word's Water sostiene che il 90% delle malattie nel mondo dipendono da mancanza di igiene da mancanza di acqua e che circa 1,4 milioni di bambini muoiono ogni anno per mancanza di acqua potabile.  

Ebbene, con questa carenza evidente di acqua, la parte ricca, obesa, e trasudante colesterolo e trigliceridi del mondo ne impiega una quantità abnorme (dai 15000 ai 70000 litri) per allevare un solo kg di carne di manzo da cuocere sul barbecue. 
Questa parte dell'umanità paga questo squilibrio con una salute sempre più cagionevole. Con lo stesso cinismo con cui le case farmaceutiche costruiscono patologie per vendere farmaci (disease mongering) le grandi industrie alimentari sono sotto accusa per l'uso sconsiderato di zuccheri, sali e grassi con cui imbottiscono il cibo che troviamo sugli scaffali dei supermercati. Questa critica ha un razionale: le malattie che questa alimentazione induce sono tante: obesità, stitichezza, diabete, ipertensione, osteoporosi, ipertrofia prostatica, aterosclerosi, infarti, demenza senile, tumori (intestino, mammelle e prostata). Molti importanti studi lo hanno confermato da China Study, Epic e altri vari studi dell'Istituto Tumori di Milano in collaborazioni con strutture europee. Vien quasi da pensare che si siano messe d'accordo: la prima fa ammalare, l'altra propone la terapia! 

L’omeopatia ha sempre affrontato il tema della prevenzione e della corretta igiene di vita nelle terapie di patologie acute e croniche. Il suo teorizzatore Samuel Hahnemann indica nel suo testo fondamentale dell’omeopatia “Organon dell’arte del guarire” il corretto comportamento del paziente affetto da patologia cronica per permettere alla terapia di agire nel migliore dei modi. 
Questo avveniva cento anni prima della istituzione della branca medica di Igiene e medicina preventiva, e in epoca premicrobiologica: i batteri non erano ancora stati scoperti. 

Oltre ad eliminare caffè, tè e tutte le tisane e gli infusi con proprietà medicamentose, sconsiglia l’uso di alcoolici come birra, liquori con sostanze aromatiche ( i nostri aperitivi, cocktails) e il vino che non sia abbondantemente annacquato. Sconsiglia l’uso di profumi forti dalle colonie ai fiori troppo profumati tenuti in casa. Nell’alimentazione del malato cronico in terapia sono da evitare, secondo Hahnemann, tutti i legumi con azione medicamentosa come gli asparagi, il sedano, il prezzemolo, il dragoncello, l’aglio e la cipolla, i formaggi fermentati, le carni di maiale, di anatra o di oca, la carne di vitello troppo giovane, le carni sotto aceto o fortemente speziate. Mette in guardia sull’eccesso di sale e zucchero nella dieta, sconsiglia di stare in ambiente troppo caldi, di fare una vita troppo sedentaria al chiuso ma consiglia esercizio fisico all’aria aperta come passeggiate quotidiane e piccoli lavori manuali. Invita ad una attenta pulizia del fisico e ad una tutela da emozioni troppo forti come collere, dolori e umiliazioni. 

Ora vediamo come duecento anni dopo la medicina abbia confermato gran parte delle indicazioni di Hahnemann. 
L’attività fisica aiuta a prevenire infarti, ictus, diabete, obesità, cancro, morbo di Alzheimer, depressione e rafforza la memoria allontanando il rischio di morte prematura. 

Tutto ciò senza effetti collaterali. Non c'e' organo del corpo umano che non ne tragga beneficio. Questo è ciò che emerge da vari test e lavori scientifici. Tra i tanti l’iniziativa “Exercise is medicine” patrocinato dall’American College of sports medicine di Indianapolis negli USA ha studiato le differenti risposte tra chi seguiva le indicazioni delle linee guida del Governo Statunitense (2h e 30m settimanali di attività aerobica moderata come camminare veloce, il ballo di sala e il giardinaggio o 1h e 15m di attività più intensa come ciclismo corsa nuoto) e chi no. 

I risultati furono che una dose settimanale di esercizio moderato riduce del 40% i rischi di morte per infarto, lo stesso risultato che si ottiene assumendo le statine. L'esercizio stimola la circolazione, elimina i depositi di grasso dalle pareti dei vasi sanguigni e dilata i vasi più piccoli. L'attività fisica altera la struttura dei trigliceridi nel flusso sanguigno permettendo agli enzimi di eliminarli prima che possano provocare danni. Ma ciò che sorprese di più fu registrare che la moderata quantità di esercizio fisico riduce del 58% le probabilità di contrarre il diabete tipo 2: una capacità doppia rispetto alla metformina il più diffuso tra i farmaci contro il diabete (Italia 3 milioni di diabetici con aumento incidenza) e che riduce del 50% rischio tumore mammella donne e del 60% il tumore dell'intestino. 

Un altro studio pubblicato sul British Medical Journal dal Karolinska Institutet di Stoccolma ha evidenziato che i fattori che allontanano la vecchiaia sono una vita sociale intensa, hobby, lavori casalinghi e il volontariato. 

Un enorme studio condotto dal Brigham and Women's Hospital di Boston e di Harward in cui risultati sono stati pubblicati su Plos Medicine ha arruolato ben 650 mila persone con almeno 40 anni seguite per un lasso di tempo fino a 40 anni. 
Ne è emerso che un individuo attivo che cammina poco più di un ora al giorno, anche se leggermente sovrappeso, vive in media 3,1 anni in più rispetto ad un magro sedentario. 

La differenza sale a 7,2 anni tra un sportivo magro e uno ozioso obeso. 
Il ruolo benefico dell’attività fisica è tanto grande da eguagliare quasi quello negativo del fumo. 
Il 1 novembre 2012 è uscito sul Giornale dell'American Heart Association l’ultimo tra le decine di studi che indicano come camminare, pedalare, nuotare o andare in palestra mantengano il cervello ben irrorato di sangue prevenendo la degenerazione cellulare e allontanando il rischio di ammalarsi di demenza del 40%. 

E per finire la ciliegina sulla torta: è stata recentemente pubblicata su Journal of Aging Research 2013 la scoperta dall’Università della British Columbia di una specifica proteina che viene prodotta grazie al jogging e che va a rafforzare i nostri neuroni agevolando la creazione di nuove cellule cerebrali, la BDNF Brain-derived neurotrophic factor. 

Questo a conferma del monito che l’autorevole rivista Lancet lanciava nel luglio 2012 sostenendo che nessun rimedio, a parte non fumare, fa bene alla salute quanto l'attività fisica, ricordando che la sedentarietà uccide 5 milioni di persone all'anno in tutto il mondo, quante ne uccide il fumo. 

Eppure, nonostante questi dati, ad oggi ancora troppo pochi medici considerano la mancanza di esercizio una malattia vera e propria. 
E per concludere affrontiamo il tema alimentazione che se in Italia è preoccupante con 4 italiani su 10 in sovrappeso e l’11% di obesi, negli USA è drammatico con il 75% di popolazione in sovrappeso e il 27% obesa. 

Il già citato THE CHINA STUDY di Colin e Thomas Campbell, che il New York Times ha definito lo studio che può essere considerato il Grad Prix dell’epidemiologia, descrive un’indagine monumentale sulla dieta e sui tassi di mortalità per cancro in più di 2400 contee cinesi e il tentativo altrettanto monumentale di esplorarne il significato e le implicazioni per l’alimentazione. E’ stato definito il più importante libro sull’alimentazione e la salute pubblicato negli ultimi settantacinque anni. La sua scientificità è stata definita indiscutibile ed è stato sostenuto che andrebbe preso a modello per tutti i programmi nutrizionali insegnati alle università.  

Il progetto ha prodotto più di 8 mila associazioni statisticamente significative fra i vari fattori dietetici e le malattie. 
I risultati e le scoperte sono stati che le diete a basso contenuto di proteine inibivano la formazione del cancro. Gli autori hanno sostenuto che di fatto le proteine alimentari si sono rivelate così potenti nei loro effetti da permettere loro di attivare e bloccare la crescita del cancro semplicemente modificandone il livello di assunzione. Ma non tutte le proteine hanno quell'effetto secondo gli autori: la caseina (87% delle proteine del latte vaccino) favorisce tutti gli stati del processo tumorale 
Le proteine sane sono invece quelle vegetali comprese quelle del frumento e della soia. 

In questi studi i soggetti che si nutrivano prevalentemente di cibi di origine animale erano quelli che si ammalavano delle patologie più croniche, mentre le persone che mangiavano le maggiori quantità di cibi vegetali erano le più sane e tendevano ad evitare le malattie croniche. 
Pertanto la dieta si è ripetutamente dimostrata in grado di far retrocedere e\o prevenire malattie come varie forme di cancro, malattie autoimmuni, malattie delle ossa e dei reni, i disturbi visivi e cerebrali in età avanzata e favorire la salute ottimale. 

Colin Campbell sarà in videoconferenza il 12 maggio 2013 ad un simposio dal titolo “La prevenzione inizia mangiando: in tavola contro diabete, tumori e cardiopatie” che si terrà a San Secondo di Pinerolo e a cui parteciperanno molti relatori medici di diverse specialità ( www.be4eat.com). 

Anche l’Istituto Tumori di Milano con lo studio Epic ha dimostrato che una alimentazione ricca di calorie, zuccheri, grassi, proteine animali favorisce obesità, stitichezza, diabete, ipertensione, osteoporosi, ipertrofia prostatica, aterosclerosi, infarti, demenza senile, tumori (intestino, mammelle e prostata). 

Le conclusioni di tutti questi studi ci portano a ripensare completamente al nostro sistema alimentare. Infatti si organizzano conferenze e si stampano libri con questo obiettivo: per esempio la conferenza “Il potere del cibo: viaggio guidato alla scoperta delle antiche tradizioni e delle nuove tendenze alimentari” organizzato dalla rivista L’altra medicina e altre associazioni che si svolgerà a Milano il 18 maggio e che vedrà la partecipazione del Prof Franco Berrino, oppure il libro "Superfoods. Il cibo è la medicina del futuro" di Matt Traverso edito da Salus Infirmorum. 

Un altro problema alimentare è l’eccesso di zuccheri che sta riversandosi sulle nostre tavole con la complicità delle aziende alimentari che, soprattutto negli USA, hanno negli anni abituato il cittadino medio ad abusare della quantità quotidiana soprattutto di bevande zuccherate che hanno un potere calorico mascherato. Pensate che 1 bicchiere di 250 ml della Cola Cola contiene 27 gr di zuccheri equivalente di 6 cucchiai di zucchero che corrispondono a metà del fabbisogno quotidiano di zucchero. Recentemente ho visto in Italia pubblicità che millantano generosità da parte delle case produttrici nell’aumentare la dimensione delle bottiglie senza cambiarne il prezzo. Ma negli USA i consumatori e le istituzioni hanno intrapreso una battaglie contro le aziende per obbligarle a ridurre le dimensioni delle confezioni al fine di prevenire l’obesità. 

E per chi avesse ancora dei dubbi o non fosse convinto degli studi fatti è stato pubblicato di recenti un lavoro sull’autorevole British Medical Journal sugli effetti della grave crisi che ha colpito l’isola di Cuba dopo la caduta dell’Unione Sovietica e la fine degli aiuti da Mosca. Dal 1990 al 1995 con cibo scarso e con poca benzina i cubani cambiarono drasticamente regime di vita mangiando di meno, muovendosi di più a piedi e coltivando i campi con maggior sforzo fisico per carenza di macchinari funzionanti. Il risultato fu che in media persero 5,5 chilogrammi senza arrivare in genere al deperimento. Gli effetti sulla salute? Conseguenze positive sulla mortalità dell’isola: dopo 5 anni dall’inizio della “dieta” la mortalità per diabete iniziò a calare sensibilmente e per 6 anni rimase basso, ma nelle morti per infarti ed eventi cardiovascolari ci fu il vero crollo verticale che rimase basso fino a che il tenore di vita rimase tale. Quando il tenore di vita è ricominciato a salire con auto e fastfood ecco che gradualmente sono riapparse tutte le percentuali di mortalità tipiche del mondo industrializzato. 

Ergo, se vogliamo campare di più e meglio le regole le hanno già scritte nel 1997 il Fondo Mondiale per la Ricerca sul Cancro (WCRF) e l'Istituto Americano per la Ricerca sul Cancro (AICR) nelle Raccomandazioni per uno stile nutrizionale che favorisca la prevenzione del cancro e di altre malattie croniche.   
Scorriamo i loro consigli: 
1. Scegliere prevalentemente alimenti di origine vegetale, con un'ampia varietà di verdura e di frutta, di legumi e di alimenti amidacei non (o poco) raffinati. 
2. Mantenere un peso forma e non aumentare troppo di peso nel corso dell'età adulta (non più di 5 Kg). 
3. Mantenersi fisicamente attivi per tutta la vita. 
4. Mangiare almeno 5 porzioni al giorno (pari a 600/800g) di verdura o di frutta, nel corso di tutto l'anno, approfittando della varietà che offrono tutte le stagioni. 
5. Basare l'alimentazione quotidiana su cereali e legumi. Preferire prodotti che non abbiano subito importanti trattamenti industriali. Evitare invece il più possibile farine (00) e zuccheri raffinati. 
6. Le bevande alcoliche sono sconsigliate. Per chi ne fa uso abituale si raccomanda di non superare 2 bicchieri al giorno per gli uomini e 1 per le donne. L'uso abituale di carne rossa è sconsigliato. In ogni caso non superare 70 gr al giorno. Č preferibile consumare pesce e, qualche volta, carni bianche o carni di animali selvatici. 
8. Limitare il consumo di grassi, soprattutto di quelli di origine animale. Vanno bene, invece, piccole quantità di oli vegetali.
9. Evitare il consumo di cibi conservati sotto sale e limitare l'uso di sale per cucinare e per condire. Privilegiare invece le erbe aromatiche. 
10. Certi additivi alimentari possono essere pericolosi, così come i residui di diserbanti e insetticidi. 
11. Evitare il consumo abituale di carni o pesci cotti ad elevate temperature, alla griglia o affumicati. (ammine aromatiche cancerogene) 
12. Per chi segue queste raccomandazioni ogni integratore alimentare o supplemento vitaminico è inutile. 
13. Comunque non fumare. 

Dunque come dice il ben noto proverbio italiano: Uomo avvisato mezzo salvato! 
Buona vita!

Fonte: informasalus.it - via lastampa.it - Autore: Alberto Magnetti

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By Admins (from 20/06/2013 @ 09:03:46, in en - Science and Society, read 376 times)

I am not going to talk about the corruption that is holding this plant´s medicinal use back. I am here today to simply speak about the healing power of the hemp plant that I have personally witnessed and what I think causes it.

From my experience all forms of disease and conditions are treatable and often curable with the use of high grade hemp oil as a treatment.

Due to its harmless nature as a medicine, hemp oil is in a class all by itself. Even something like aspirin tablets that is looked upon as being harmless by the public causes thousands of deaths worldwide each year.

If you are looking for a safe medication, look no further than what the hemp plant can provide. On top of all that it’s a medicine we can all grow and produce ourselves. Also there is no need for a doctor’s supervision with its use.

When the hemp plant is grown for medicinal use, you now have your own medical system that is much safer and effective than anything our current medical system provides. You still may require a doctor to set your broken leg, but you will no longer need the chemicals they have been pushing upon us.

Hemp is medicine for the masses and no one has the right to control its use. We are all different and we all have different tolerances for practically everything. So it is up to each and every one of us to determine for ourselves how much oil we require to maintain good health.

Over the years people have come to me who after years of treatment by the medical system did not even have a diagnosis for their conditions. But the oil exercised its amazing healing power and their medical problems were solved.

Another aspect of the use of hemp as medicine is its anti-aging properties. As we age, our vital organs deteriorate and of course this impairs the function of these organs.

Hemp oil rejuvenates vital organs even in small doses it is very common for people to report to me that they feel 20 to 30 years younger after only ingesting the oil for a short time.

Now let’s take it to the next level. What about people who ingest larger quantities of oil over a longer period of time like myself? After 9 years on the oil my body does not appear to be that of a 60 year old man. Instead, my body has the appearance of someone who is a great deal younger. When I have the oil at my disposal I like to take about a quarter of a gram a day. Of course, due to short supply, quite often I must go without so my own treatment has been erratic to say the least.
From my own experience with the oil I cannot help but wonder what would happen if a person was to ingest larger quantities of oil over a longer period of time. If a person were to do this, can they actually reverse the aging process and grow younger instead of aging.

From the oils effect on my own body by all appearances this seems to be the case. Someday soon when I have enough oil I intend to start taking a gram a day for a year to see what effect it has on my body.

Many people who have taken the oil have stated that they thought it to be the fountain of youth. From my own experiences with the oil I believe this to be true.

Throughout our lives the system has told us they want preventative medicine. Now what greater preventative medicine could there possibly be than hemp oil? Judging from what I have seen, if children were given tiny doses of oil each day like a supplement, diseases like cancer diabetes MS and many other conditions could be eliminated entirely.

Now I am not talking about getting the kiddies high for once a person gets accustomed to this medication, they do not even feel or exhibit effects from the oil they are ingesting.

Hemp oil is a safe and harmless medication that all age groups can benefit from by ingesting it and that goes for our children too. So if the system truly wants preventative medicine, here it is now why are they refusing to use it.

I know the words cure all is a hard pill to swallow. When I worked in the medical system, such terms were thought of as a joke. But when you see for yourself what this oil can do like I did, what else could it be called?

What other medicine works on everything and in many cases can cure thought-to-be incurable conditions. What else can heal diabetic ulcers, skin cancers or heal third degree burns in no time leaving no scars?

I will tell you what other medicine – no other medicine. So why on god’s green earth is it not being used? As a medication to ease our suffering and to heal us. For there is nothing better.
Myself and many others have gone through realms of so-called scientific studies which I found to be mostly double-talk and most of these studies were about synthetic THC which bears little resemblance to natural THC and its associated cannabinoids found in the hemp plant.

After studying all this scientific jargon, I had learned what amounted to nothing. But the oil continued to work the miracles so who was I to question it.

I had just about given up hope that we would ever find out why the oil worked so well for all these different medical conditions. But recently a lady named Batya Stark has provided me with what I think is all the missing pieces to the puzzle.
She has sent me a great deal of information about melatonin and the pineal gland which produces it. It seems that the pineal gland is in the driver’s seat when it comes to healing our bodies.

The melatonin it produces is an essential part of healing. When the function of the pineal gland is impaired, it produces much less melatonin and therefore we become sick and diseased.
Studies have been released that show people suffering from cancer have low levels of melatonin in their bodies. Also studies have shown that just smoking hemp can raise the melatonin levels in our bodies. So one can only imagine what the oil that is in a concentrated state can do to increase melatonin levels.

As we age we acidify and cancer thrives in an acidic environment. So bringing the body´s PH level up is very important when you are suffering from cancer and many other conditions. The oil works to do this but also other things can be of great benefit. Simple things like baking soda and lemon juice can raise the body´s PH very rapidly.

Tumors are simply the symptom of an underlying condition that is present in the bodies of people who are suffering from cancer. Indeed this underlying condition must be treated to cure the cancer and prevent it from returning.

Melatonin travels to every cell in our bodies and is the key to good health. And I am not just talking about treating cancer, it seems that melatonin levels are important to treat all conditions. Now all you have to do is connect the dots like Batya and I have; it all adds up.

Hemp oil promotes full body healing and raises melatonin levels thousands of times higher than normal. When the pineal gland produces vast amounts of melatonin, it causes no harm to the body but it is very hard on the condition you are suffering from and indeed can eliminate it. From what I can gather, all this along with your PH being raised while the oil is detoxifying your body we think causes the healing effect of this medication.
Now myself and those around me are not doctors or scientists and I like you can only wonder at why it is not them bringing this to the public. But after years of research on our part, this is the only thing we have found that connects all the dots and explains in a simple way why this medicine can do what it does.
Now we must look at what could be causing the function of our pineal gland to become impaired. Much of the time it is caused by our own lifestyles and things like cell phones that we come in contact with everyday.

Companies that produce cell phones do not like to talk about it and would prefer that we did the same. But our bodies run on electrical impulses. Now do you think it’s a good idea to put something against your head that produces an electromagnetic field which can interfere with the electrical impulses in our bodies that keep us healthy?

Cell phones are just one of the culprits. Look at studies of cancer rates of people who live near and around high tension power lines. I myself did not understand the importance of all this until a friend of mine cured his heart condition by having two electrical problems in his home repaired.

It´s frightening that so many things we come into contact with frequently can harm our health. But still there are a number of other things that do the same.

Can someone out there give me a rational explanation as to why fluoride seems to be in everything these days and please do not call me and try to tell me it’s to prevent tooth decay? Did Hitler not use fluoride in his death camps to keep the inmates calm so they would not try to escape or revolt?

I wonder what possible purpose it serves our system to be giving us so much fluoride. Does what´s going on currently not smell a little like a death camp to you? I can only wonder what effect all this fluoride is having on our brains and our pineal glands.
What about the effects of all those chemicals the doctors have been feeding to us? Would these chemicals interfere with the function of our pineal glands and could they also acidify our bodies more quickly?

I will leave that one for all you medical experts out there to figure out.

Now what about our food supply. The meat that is sold to the public in Canada and some other countries cannot even be sold in Europe. It seems that Canadian beef is looked down upon by Europeans because it has too many contaminates like antibiotics and growth hormones. Do you not find it strange that our meat is deemed unhealthy in Europe? Yet it is freely sold to anyone that is dumb enough to eat it back in Canada.

Now what about fruits and vegetables and all the other fare we find in supermarkets in North America. Pesticides, additives, preservatives, genetic modification – does this not all sound just yummy and possibly somewhat deadly?

But of course no one in authority has stood up to do something about this situation, so I guess the food they are selling the public must be good for us. Trust your government because they would never allow anyone to sell us something that was not good for us would they.

So as you can plainly see, practically everything that we come into contact with can have an effect on our health and wellbeing. And of course many things I have just mentioned could have a devastating effect on the pineal gland´s ability to function properly.

It’s almost as if they knew that by interfering with the function of the pineal gland, they could cause us to become unhealthy and in need of their wonderful chemical medications. But of course only someone who is a conspiracy nut could think in such a way. Do you think the same as I do about all this? If so, then welcome to the asylum.

Rick Simpson
May 23, 2010

Source: phoenixtears.ca

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By Admins (from 20/06/2013 @ 04:08:42, in ro - Stiinta si Societate, read 368 times)

Putem determina daca este proaspat pestele punandu-l intr-un vas cu apa. Daca nu se lasa la fund, este proaspat; in caz contrar, este mai bine sa renuntam la el.

Putem constata daca pestele inghetat este proaspat infingand in el un cutit pe care l-am cufundat in prealabil pentru cateva clipe in apa fierbinte. Pestele proaspat marin sau de rau are un miros caracteristic, fara semne de alterare.

Numarul de portii: 4

  • somon afumat (file) 500 g
  • cartofi fierti 400 g
  • ceapa uscata 2
  • cascaval Adygeya 250 g
  • ulei 2 linguri
  • gelatina
  • zeama in care au fiert legume
  • mustar 1 lingura
  • radacina de hrean rasa 1 lingura
  • smantana 2 linguri
  • otet de vin 4 linguri
  • marar verde
  • frunze de salata

Cartofii se taie cubulete. Ceapa se taie marunt, se caleste, se pun cartofii, se adauga otet si totul se amesteca.

Gelatina se pune la muiat in apa fiarta racita. Cand se umfla, se pune in zeama de legume clocotita. Cascavalul, hreanul, smantana, mustarul, mararul tocat se pun toate in mixer si se maruntesc; se adauga jumatate din gelatina dizolvata, se amesteca din nou, apoi compozitia obtinuta se pune impreuna cu cartofii.

Fileul de somon se taie cubulete. Intr-o forma pentru copt se pun straturi cartofii si fileul de somon. Stratul superior se orneaza cu marar si peste el se toarna jeleul ramas.

Aspicul se scoate din forma si se taie felii. Pe fiecare farfurie se pun cate 1-2 felii de piftie si se orneaza cu marar.

Sursa: www.roossa.ru

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Analistul acesta de 29 de ani tocmai a renuntat la toată viata lui -- la prietenă, job si casă -- pentru a deconspira programul PRISM al Statelor Unite -- program care ne citeste si înregistrează emailuri, mesaje de Skype, postări de Facebook si telefoane de ani de zile.

Când Bradley Manning a trimis informatiile astea la Wikileaks, Statele Unite l-au încarcerat dezbrăcat în conditii despre care Natiunile Unite au declarat ca fiind "crude, inumane si degradante".

În cele ce urmează autoritătile si presa decid cum să reactioneze la scandalul ăsta. Dacă milioane dintre noi îl sustin pe Edward în următoarele 48 de ore, vom trimite mesajul puternic că el trebuie tratat ca un denuntător curajos, si că Statele Unite ar trebui să destrame PRISM, si nu pe Edward.

SEMNEAZĂ PETITIA:

adresată Presedintelui Barack Obama:

"E de datoria noastră să ne asigurăm că denuntătorul Edward Snowden este tratat corect, uman si i se respectă drepturile legale. Programul PRISM reprezintă una dintre cele mai grave abateri privind violarea intimitătii, comise de un guvern vreodată. Cerem terminarea lui imediată, iar Edward Snowden să fie recunoscut ca persoană care a actionat în interes public, în nici un caz ca un criminal periculos."

Tocmai am semnat o campanie prin care-l sustin pe tipul ăsta grozav care a renuntat la toate pentru a ne proteja de spioni guvernamentali. Cred că e ceva ce te-ar interesa si pe tine. Vezi aici: --

https://secure.avaaz.org/ro/stop_prism_global/?dIzwPbb

Semnalat de Vana Bogdan

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By Admins (from 19/06/2013 @ 08:02:44, in ro - Stiinta si Societate, read 227 times)

Nu intamplator pestele este prins in cantitati atat de mari din oceane, lacuri si rauri, fiind inmultit in bazine cu apa; bucatariile multor popoare ale lumii ar saraci substantial fara mancarurile din peste. Acesta se poate fierbe, se poate pregati la cuptor, pe gratar, in tigaie, se poate manca sarat, in forma cruda (sushi si sashimi japoneze), umplut; din el se poate face umplutura pentru placinte si pateuri,  se pot fierbe tot felul de ciorbe si supe.

Numarul de portii: 4

  • peste macrou 1
  • zucchini 1
  • rosii 2
  • cascaval Parmezan 100 g
  • sare

De macrou se desprinde fileul impreuna cu pielita, care apoi se taie bucatele si se sareaza.

Zucchini se taie felii, rosiile - rondele. Cascavalul se rade.

Jumatate din feliile de zucchini se pun pe o tava unsa cu ulei, peste ele se presara jumatate din cascavalul ras.

Deasupra se pun rondelele de rosii, bucatile de peste, care se acopera cu feliile de zucchini ramase, se presara cascavalul ramas si se introduc pentru 20 de minute in cuptorul incins la 200o C.

Gustarea se serveste asezata pe frunze de salata verde.

Sursa: www.roossa.ru

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Tutto è partito dal ricorso presentato da un 46enne originario di Palermo, condannato a 4 anni di reclusione e ad una multa di 20mila euro per essersi rifornito di quasi 4 kg di hashish. Il difensore dell’uomo ha sollevato in Cassazione la questione di legittimità costituzionale della norma sulla base del fatto che l’eliminazione della distinzione “e il rilevantissimo aumento delle pene edittali” per le condotte che riguardano le droghe leggere “non sarebbe conforme nè al principio di proporzionalità rispetto al disvalore espresso dalla condotta incriminatrice, nè all’esempio di proporzionalità predisposto a livello comunitario”.

Dalla suprema corte, dunque, è partita l’ordinanza dove viene denunciata anche la presenza di “escamotage per fare approvare un’iniziativa legislativa del tutto nuova di fatto inemendabile, eludendo le regole ordinarie del procedimento legislativo”. In particolare, gli ermellini denunciano come “il vulnus al sistema di ripartizione delle competenze normative costituzionalmente configurato potrebbe derivare anche dal cosiddetto abuso della prassi, da tempo invalsa, con cui il governo presenta, nella prima lettura parlamentare dell’articolo unico del disegno di legge di conversione, un maxi emendamento innovativo rispetto al contenuto originario del decreto legge, al fine di sostituirne parzialmente o interamente il testo e sul quale sarà poi posta la questione di fiducia”.

Fonte: ilfattoquotidiano.it

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By Admins (from 18/06/2013 @ 07:01:33, in ro - Stiinta si Societate, read 312 times)

In carnea de peste exista vitamine care se dizolva in apa: in cantitati mici - vitamina C, vitaminele din grupa B - B1, B2, B6, B12, vitaminele H si PP, de asemenea inozitol si acid pantotenic. Pestele contine mai multe substante minerale necesare organismului uman, printre care prevaleazafosforul, calciul, caliul, manganul, cobaltul, zincul, molibdenul, iodul, bromul, fluorul si alte elemente foarte importante pentru organismul uman.

Numarul de portii: 14

  • oua fierte 7
  • hering sarat file 2 bucati
  • maioneza 3 linguri
  • o ceapa uscata
  • marar verde tocat 2 linguri
  • condimente pentru mancaruri de peste 1/4 lingurita
  • cascaval topit 200 g
  • unt 4 linguri
  • o rosie
  • boia de ardei rosu

Ouale se taie in jumatate, se scot galbenusurile; suprafetele de jos ale albusurilor se vor aplatiza putin, prin taiere, pentru ale face mai stabile.

Fileul de hering se taie marunt, se pune impreuna cu maioneza, mararul, ceapa taiata marunt si condimentele. Compozitia se amesteca si cu ea se umplu jumatatile de albusuri.

Pentru crema de cascaval, se bat impreuna cascavalul, untul, galbenusurile si ardeiul.

Jumatatile de oua umplutese asaza pe un platou si, deasupra lor, cu ajutorul unei seringi culinare, se aplica crema de cascaval, in forma de floare. In centrul fiecarei flori se pune o bucatica de rosie.

Sursa: www.roossa.ru

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Well put. And quite accurate too. People have been misled into having a narrowly focused opinion as a measure of control over their behaviour and thoughts.

If the general public were given the truth about the effects, society would be quite different, and the control structures governing your behaviour would topple.

Saying drugs are responsible for societies ills and crime and misfortune is like saying the knife was responsible for its victims death instead of the person who thrust it into them.

Personal responsibility is everything and many people demonstrate a complete lack of it. The people who suffer negative effects of drugs are people who don't exercise caution, don't bother to research the pros and cons, don't think about what the ramifications may be, or let others pressure them into it and so on.

The folk who discover/ed many of these substances and their effects were or are most often scientists who in many cases test it carefully themselves.
Alexander Shulgin is a prime example.

More to say in my next article on Turismo Associati blog.
Danger

What many Americans, including many scientists, think they know about drugs is turning out to be totally wrong. For decades, drug war propaganda has brainwashed Americans into blaming drugs for problems ranging from crime to economic deprivation. In his new book High Price: A Neuroscientist's Journey of Self-Discovery That Challenges Everything You Know About Drugs and Society, Carl Hart blows apart the most common myths about drugs and their impact on society, drawing in part on his personal experience growing up in an impoverished Miami neighborhood. Hart has used marijuana and cocaine, carried guns, sold drugs, and participated in other petty crime, like shoplifting. A combination of what he calls choice and chance brought him to the Air Force and college, and finally made him the first black, tenured professor of sciences at Columbia University.

Intertwined with his story about the struggles of families and communities stressed by lack of capital and power over their surroundings is striking new research on substance use. Hart uses his life and work to reveal that drugs are not nearly as harmful as many think. For example, most people who use the most “addicting” drugs do not develop a problem. Rather, Hart says, drugs are scapegoated for problems related to poverty. The policies that result from this misconception are catastrophically misguided. AlterNet spoke with Hart about his life and research.

Kristen Gynne: What are some of the false conclusions about drugs you are challenging?

Carl Hart: There are multiple false conclusions. There is a belief, for example, that crack cocaine is so addictive it only took one hit to get hooked, and that it is impossible to use heroin without becoming addicted. There was another belief that methamphetamine users are cognitively impaired. All of these are myths that have been perpetuated primarily by law enforcement, and law enforcement deals with a limited, select group of people—people who are, in many cases, behaving badly. But to generalize that to all drug users is not only shortsighted and naive, it’s also irresponsible. The impact of that irresponsible behavior has been borne primarily by black communities. Nobody really cares about black communities, and that's why this irresponsible behavior has been allowed to continue.

It's also true that we've missed critical opportunities to challenge our basic assumptions about drugs. If drugs really were as damaging as we are led to believe, a respectable society should do something to address that problem. But the thing is, the very assumptions driving our drug policy are wrong, and must be questioned.  

KG:How does the lack of people of color in academia or research affect our understanding of drugs?

CH: I'd just like to be clear, I don't say people of color, I say black people, because people of color can mean a number of other [races]. I'm talking about black people who, like me, when we go back to our communities and we ask about people who we grew up with, the response is, "Well, they got caught up with a drug charge, they're upstate. They're doing some time” or, “Oh, he's doing better now that he got out of jail. He can't really find a good job, but he's doing his best.”  

It would be nice if we had black scientists, more black people in science, to incorporate these kinds of experiences as they think about the questions they investigate. The problem is it’s so homogenous that critical questions about our community are ignored because they're not seen as being important.

KG:And the result is that they don't comprehend environment, or the other variables that are affecting someone's decisions or behavior, and miss the mark?

CH: That's exactly right. It's that if you don't contextualize what is happening with drugs in the country you might get the impression that drugs are so bad they're causing all these people to go to jail: “Let's find out how drugs are exerting these awful effects.” Now, you have just completely disregarded context in which all of these things occur, and that is what has happened in science. If you don't fully appreciate the context, and you think that drug users are awful, then you don't think about how a person takes care of their kid, takes care of their family, goes to work, but they also use drugs. If you don't think about all of those contextual factors, you limit the picture and that's what we've done.

It's not that science lies. Science doesn't lie. But when you look at your research with a limited view, you may erroneously draw conclusions about drugs, when in fact other variables you might not understand are what's really at play.

KG:You talk about how people are always blaming problems on drugs, when those issues really spring from the stress of poverty. What are some examples?

CH: I think crack cocaine is the easiest example  In the 1980s, as I was coming of age in my teens and my early 20s, people—black people, white folks, a number of people in the country—said crack was so awful it was causing women to give up their babies and neglect their children such that grandmothers had to raise another generation of children.

Now, if you look at the history in poor communities—my community, my family—long before crack ever hit the scene, that sort of thing happened in my house. We were raised by my grandmother. My mother went away because she and my father split up. She went away in search of better jobs and left the state, but it wasn't just her. This sort of thing, this pathology that is attributed to drugs, happened to immigrant communities like the Eastern European Jews when they came to the Lower East SIde, but people simply blamed crack in the 1980s and the 1990s. 

Another example is that, since the crack era, multiple studies have found that the effects of crack cocaine use during pregnancy do not create an epidemic of doomed black "crack babies." Instead, crack-exposed children are growing up to lead normal lives, and studies have repeatedly found that the diferences between them and babies who were not exposed cannot be isolated from the health effects of growing up poor, without a stable, safe environment or access to healthcare.

KG:What about the idea that drugs can turn people into criminals?

CH: The pharmalogical effects of drugs rarely lead to crime, but the public conflates these issues regardless. If we were going to look at how pharmalogical drugs influence crime, we should probably look at alcohol. We know sometimes people get unruly when they drink, but the vast majority of people don't. Certainly, we have given thousands of doses of crack cocaine and methamphetamine to people in our lab, and never had any problems with violence or anything like that. That tells you it's not the pharmacology of the drug, but some interaction with the environment or environmental conditions, that would probably happen without the drug. Sure, new markets of illegal activity are often or sometimes associated with increased violence, or some other illegal activity, but it is not specific to drugs like people try to make it out to be.

Other than crime, you have myths that drugs cause cognitive impairment, make people unable to be productive members of society, or tear families apart. If the vast majority of people are using these drugs without problems—and a smaller proportion of users do have problems—what that tells you if you're thinking critically is it can't be only the drug, or mainly the drug. It tells you it is something about the individual situations, environmental conditions, a wide range of factors.

KG:What about addiction? Won't some people who use drugs inevitably become dependent on drugs?

CH: Given the large percentage of people who are not addicted and try these drugs, it's something other than the pharmacology of the drugs that's causing addiction. We find that 85% of the people, for example, who use cocaine are not addicted, even though they use the same cosmetological substance as those who are. Somebody could say there may be something biologically predisposing people who get addicted, but there is no evidence to support that position. Certainly, that idea should be investigated, but there is far more evidence to support the view that there are other things going in the lives of people who are predisposed to addiction, that can predict their addiction as well as other problems.

KG:What kinds of environmental factors matter?

CH: Well, let's think about drug use. Drug effects are predictable, and some drugs are really good at increasing euphoria and feelings of positive reinforcement. Now, if you don't have anything competing with drugs for pleasure and happiness, all you have is deprivation. Why wouldn't you get high?

If you have competing reinforcers or alternatives, like the ability to earn income, learn a skill, or receive some respect based on your performance in some sort of way, those things compete with potentially destructive behavior. And so as a psychologist, you just want to make sure people have a variety of potential reinforcers. If you don't have that, you increase the likelihood of people engaging in behaviors that society does not condone. 

Skills that are employable or marketable, education, having a stake or meaningful role in society, not being marginalized—all of those things are very important. Instead of ensuring that all of our members have these things, our society has blamed drugs, said drugs are the reasons that people don't have a stake in society, and that's simply not true.

KG:So if drugs aren't the problem, why do we say they are?

CH: They’re just an easy scapegoat. You can imagine if so few people have engaged in an activity, you can make up some incredible stories about that activity, and be believed. And that's what's happened with drugs. Note that you can't make up those incredible stories about marijuana today, but there was a time when we could: the 1930s. That has passed because more people have tried marijuana, but you can make up those incredible stories about methamphetamine because so few people have used methamphetamine. 

Well, I should say so few people actually know that they use methamphetamine. All those people who use Adderall and those kinds of drugs, they are using methamphetamine, basically. It is the amphetamine, not the "D" [like Adderall] or "meth" in front of it, that creates the effects.

KG:What is actually responsible for problems often linked to drugs?

CH: Poverty. And there are policies that have played a role, too. Policies like placing a large percentage of our law enforcment resources in those communities, so that when people get charged with some petty crime, they have a blemish on their record that further decreases their ability to join mainstream, get a job that's meaningful, and that sort of thing.

The policy decisions that we make play a far bigger role than the drugs themselves. When I turned 14, for example, there was a federal government program that, in order to keep kids like me out of the streets, gave us jobs. Under these federal government programs, we had money for the summer, for clothing—it was great. When we cut these types of programs and kids have nowhere to go what do you expect to happen? It doesn't take rocket scientists to figure this out. 

Now, I have an 18-year-old who, this summer, won't have anything to do. I'm trying to find him some sort of work. Having a federal government program for underpriveleged children, that was great. That let kids know that the society might care about you. We teach them work skills, we teach them something about responsibility, we make sure they have money in their pockets. Now, you take away all of this, and you miss the chance to teach them about responsibility. You miss the opportunity to help them put food on the table, to put clothes on their backs.

KG:In your acknowledgements, you thank Aid to Families with Dependent Children, which you call "welfare as we once knew it."

CH: All of my childhood, we were on welfare. My mom received aid for families with dependent children—welfare. Without that, we wouldn't have had subsidized housing. Most of my childhood we had a two-bedroom apartment, but eventually we got into the projects, where we had four bedrooms. That was great.

We got food stamps that helped make sure we had something to eat, even though it was little. Without that program, I wouldn't have developed physically. There would have been a lot more stress in the household.

Now, the interesting thing about it is that all of my sibling were all on that program because of my mom, and all of my siblings now have jobs and they're responsible, taxpaying citizens. That's the typical story on that program, but the conservatives, under Reagan, they began to perpetuate this narrative of the welfare queen, when in fact, we know who the biggest welfare kings are: the people on Wall Street. The federal government gives far money to them than to poor families, but welfare became so villified that we essentially got rid of it.

KG:How does institutional racism affect policy? In your book, you talk about how crack, which is pharmacologically almost identical to cocaine, is punished with an 18-1 (and once 100-1) sentencing disparity because of racially coded language linking the "crack scourge" to bad behavior in poor, black communities. There was also a recent ACLU report, which found that blacks are an average of four times more likely to be arrested for pot than whites.

CH: I often testify as an expert witness to help women who have used marijuana while pregnant to keep their children. Case after case is a black woman. Security in the court is all black; the judges are all white; and the lawyers are young and white, building careers. It's just slavery all over again. 

When you have a group that’s already identified as an “other,” or a villified group that is a minority, it's easier to associate a behavior with them. But people don't see black people as being fully human. That’s what happens in the US, although people won't tell you that.

Because when we think about Trayvon Martin, when we think about Ramarley Graham, Sean Bell, these black kids who were killed at the hands of some security or law enforcement person—that almost never happens with white kids. If it did, it would be a national crises. But it's not a national crises because we really don't value black men and boys in the same way we value white boys and men. We don't see them as being equal.

I look at how people behave, and it's clear. As long as you view this group that way, you can continue to put large percentage of law enforcement resources in those communities, but not so much to make them better. If you want to make it better, you give people jobs. Instead, we put police in those communities to pretend that they care, to pretend that you're doing something. But that's not helping.

Whereas drug reactions are predictable, interactions with police are not and too often become deadly. As a parent of a black youth, I'd much rather my kids interact with drugs than law enforcement. White people don't need to think about that. Police officers too often see young, black boys as less than human. It creates a mentality where black kids are supposed to "know your place," and it affects your psyche. Indignities become part of who you are.

KG:How is meth changing this conversation?

CH: Meth is the new crack. It is the same thing as Adderall, but we are told it causes people's faces and teeth to decay. There is no evidence to suggest meth alone, versus poor hygiene, makes people look ugly. At the same time, because most people who use or arrested for meth are white people—poor of course, people we don't like—it creates an opportunity to say the drug war is not racist.

In Montana, they have invested in sentencing alternatives, like a maximum one-year sentence and treatment, for meth users. Could you imagine that happening with crack cocaine? Hell no. It's interesting because, with meth, we are doing our job, trying to seek alternatives to help people. Still, in some places, like Oklahoma, they're still locking white people up.

KG:In your book, it seems as though you feel some guilt for being successful, as if you have abandoned your community. How has your life changed?

CH: In terms of where I'm at now, I have money and I don't have to worry about where my next meal is coming from, so that's a really good thing. Whereas, when I was an adolescent, it was a good day if I ate two meals. Now, I expect to eat three meals, and that sort of thing. But, on the other hand, when I think about family, friends andthat sort of thing, it was a lot better where I was previously because you knew where everyone stood, you knew everyone had your back, you didn't have to worry about people backstabbing you or trying to go after you for a variety of reasons. Mainly, you were just being who you are—that's one of the things I bring with me from the past. 

Whether I am there or here, I have this sense of community responsibility and I hope that will always be with with me. When it's no longer with me, perhaps it's time to die. 

KG:How do you navigate two different cultures?

CH: That's very difficult, because I deal in mainstream and my family, they don't as much. Not only do I deal in mainstream society, I deal in mainstream as a fucking professor at Columbia. Now, when I take that mask off to go home, and it takes me a few days to acclimate, to be like OK, I'm no longer in the shark pit, I can relax, and relax my vernacular. And then I have to leave again.

So, my family might see this Columbia personality, and they may take it as a personal affront. I feel like a fraud, oftentimes, at home, but it has nothing to do with how I feel about my family. It's just that I'm catching hell in the mainstream. In the mainstream, I’m suspect because I’m black, I have dreadlocks, I have a goatee. I mean, I'm just suspect. In my classroom and at Columbia, I'm not as suspect because it's clear I know what I'm doing, but I am still suspect. And people are curious; they don’t know that I have the same dreams and aspirations as they do. They think that I may be different somehow.

This sort of issue would be a fascinating topic for research, particularly when we think about physical health or mental health, and how it manifests. But that will never be approved by National Institute of Health, because it's not of interest to white researchers. These are just things that I have to live my life with. 

KG:How does this book adress your experience in academia and black America?

CH: I speak the language of both. And as a result, I think it speaks to both. And I’m hoping in the process, maybe along the way, the people who are back home, whose stories I'm trying to share, will see themselves in my story. And the people in my mainstream—I'm trying to help them see themselves in my story.

At some point, I just hope that it merges, that they see we're not that different. We have the same hopes and dreams and aspirations. The expression of those hopes and dreams may be slightly different but we are very similar. That's what I'm hoping.

KG:What would policy that reflects reality look like, and how do we get there?

CH: That is complex, but quite simple to start. The first thing is we decriminalize all drugs. More than 80% of people arrested for drugs are arrested for simple possession. Wen you decriminalize, now you have that huge number of people—we're talking 1.5 million people arrested every year—that no longer have that blemish on their record. That increases the likelihood that they can get jobs, participate in the mainstream.

Number two is dramatically increase realistic education about drugs—none of this "this is your brain on drugs" stuff, but real education, which looks like making sure people understand effects of drugs they're using, particularly potentially medical affects. Don't use heroin with another sedative because it increases the likelihood of respiratory depression. Realistic education, telling people what to do, how to prevent negative effects associated with drugs. We do it with alcohol—you shouldn't binge drink, don't drink on an empty stomach—and could do it with other drugs.

Source: minds.com

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By Admins (from 17/06/2013 @ 06:01:09, in ro - Stiinta si Societate, read 284 times)

Carnea de peste marin contine un procent ridicat de proteine in comparatie cu cea de peste de apa dulce. Cantitatea de proteine in carnea unor astfel de pesti ca platica marina, caranxul, lichia, limba de mare ajunge la 19-20 %. Si mai bogata in proteine este carnea de macrou (21-23 %) si ton (22-26 %). Untuta de peste este o componenta importanta a carnii de peste. Ea contine o cantitate mare de acizi grasi, mai pretiosi fiind considerati acizii linoleic si arahidonic.

Numarul de portii: 2

  • somon roz conservat 100 g
  • un ou fiert
  • cascaval topit 30 g
  • o ceapa uscata
  • maioneza 1/4 pahar
  • krekere
  • piper negru macinat
  • sare

Somonul roz se paseaza. Oul si cascavalul se dau prin razatoare, ceapa se taie marunt.

Toate ingredientele se amesteca, se pune sare, piper si se drege cu maioneza.

Se orneaza cu verdeata. Se serveste cu krekere sau cu painite din cereale expandate.

Sursa: www.roossa.ru

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By Admins (from 16/06/2013 @ 05:03:21, in ro - Stiinta si Societate, read 344 times)

Proteinele din carne de peste se asimileaza mai usor de catre organismul uman decat proteinele din carne de animale. Daca produsele din carne sunt asimilate de catre organism in aproximativ 5 ore, apoi cele de peste, in 2-3 ore.

Numarul de portii: 4

  • peste marin (file) 200 g
  • ciuperci champignon 100 g
  • o ceapa uscata
  • lapte 3 linguri
  • iaurt de 9 % grasime 100 ml
  • faina 2 linguri
  • unt 2 linguri
  • ulei 1 lingura
  • Parmezan ras 40 g
  • usturoi 1 catel
  • pesmet 1 lingura
  • sare
  • nucsoara praf un varf de cutit

Ceapa si usturoiul se curata. Ceapa se toaca, usturoiul se taie in jumatate. Ciupercile se spala si se taie in bucati mici. Pestele se spala si se taie in bucatele lungi de 1,5 cm si late de 1 cm.

Se incinge uleiul intr-o tigaie cu peretii inalti. Se prajeste ceapa. Se adauga ciupercile si se lasa pe foc, amestecand, pana se evapora tot lichidul. Se ia de pe foc.

Faina se prajeste pe tigaia incinsa, pana devine maronie. Ameatecand intruna, se toarna laptele si iaurtul. Se pun bucatelele de peste si se prajesc 2 minute. Se iau de pe foc. La peste se adauga ceapa prajita si ciupercile, se drege cu sare, piper si nucsoara, se amesteca.

Vasele de copt se freaca cu usturoi. In ele se distribuie compozitia pregatita. Deasupra se presara un amestec de cascaval ras si pesmet. Totul se pune in cuptorul incins la 180o C si se lasa pana capata o crusta aurie. Julienul se serveste fierbinte.

Sursa: www.roossa.ru

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Ultimi commenti - Last comments - Ultimele comentarii:
sir are you encouraging people participate in some kind of game? ...where people give up their power? It never worked before .... that’s why I suggest instead of give up your power, exercise it from y...
05/10/2014 @ 08:45:09
By James Smith
Asta e marihoana nu?ei cine te poate opri so faci ,eu nu prefer astfel de fistractie deoarece am vazut ca dupa nu mai faci altceva fecit ca dormi bine,nu am incercat nu incerc dar nu opresc pe nimeni ...
30/09/2014 @ 09:34:56
By Miulesvu Corina Lucia
tovaraseilor .. nu confundati un sifonar sau turnator cuun ofiter sub acoperire.. e o mare diferenta ...
29/09/2014 @ 13:07:51
By Alex Andu
... deci şi Toma e securist, logic!
27/09/2014 @ 15:49:04
By Bogdan Sith Huşanu
Mai voinicilor,voi nu stiati ca inainte de 89,securistii erau omul si copacul,,ei acum sint si mai multi,cred ca au dat si lastari,ce naiba..!..
27/09/2014 @ 15:45:01
By Toma Pasculea
E greu de crezut că mişcă ceva de calibru în massmedia din orice ţară care să nu aibă vre-o treabă cu 'serviciile'. Cred că massmedia, instituţiile me...
27/09/2014 @ 15:41:52
By Alterul EgoulMeu
Manipulare, marca Basescu.
27/09/2014 @ 15:38:18
By Stela Andreica


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Publishes and comments on leaked documents alleging government and corporate misconduct.




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30/10/2014 @ 13.56.29
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