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La teoria del vaccino orale antipolio sull'origine dell'AIDS propone che l'epidemia si sia sviluppata a causa di vaccini contaminati, usati nella prima campagna di immunizzazione di massa contro la poliomielite.
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La Teoria

Edward HooperLa teoria del vaccino orale antipolio sull'origine dell'AIDS propone che l'epidemia si sia sviluppata a causa di vaccini contaminati, usati nella prima campagna di immunizzazione di massa contro la poliomielite. La teoria risulta plausibile per diverse ragioni:

  • Esiste una fortissima coincidenza spaziale. I primi casi di AIDS sono stati registrati in Africa Centrale, nella stesse regioni in cui sono stati sperimentati i vaccini Koprowski su più di un milione di persone fra il 1957 e il 1960;
  • Anche a livello temporale, le coincidenze sono impressionanti. Non ci sono casi documentati di AIDS o d'infezione da HIV prima del 1959. Secoli di commercio di schiavi e sfruttamento coloniale dell'Africa hanno esposto gli Africani e altri a tutte le altre malattie conosciute; è improbabile che l'HIV potesse essere presente e diffondersi in Africa senza essere percepito;
  • I vaccini antipolio sono prodotti utilizzando reni di scimmia che potrebbero essere stati contaminati da un virus dell'immunodeficienza delle scimmie (SIV) progenitore dell'HIV. La maggior parte delle scimmie Africane sono naturalmente infette da questi virus, ma non si ammalano. I vaccini antipolio non potevano essere testati contro la contaminazione di questa famiglia di virus prima del 1985;
  • Č diffusamente conosciuto nel mondo medico che un altro virus delle scimmie, l' SV40, è stato trasmesso involontariamente a milioni di persone attraverso i vaccini antipolio. Un lotto specifico del vaccino di Koprowski si è dimostrato essere contaminato da uno sconosciuto virus;
  • Per permettere a un virus di infettare una specie differente, è consigliabile ridurre la resistenza del sistema immunitario del ricevente. Il vaccino antipolio di Koprowski è stato somministrato a molti neonati con meno di un mese di vita, quando ancora il loro sistema immunitario non era completamente sviluppato. Addirittura, in una sperimentazione, fu somministrata ai bambini una dose 15 volte superiore alla normale per assicurare l'efficacia dell'immunizzazione.

Se la teoria fosse corretta, avrebbe delle serie implicazioni etiche e politiche. In particolare, si pone l'attenzione ai pericoli della trasmissione di agenti patogeni fra specie attraverso le vaccinazioni, gli xenotrapianti (trapianti di organi animali nell'uomo), etc... che potrebbero condurre a nuove varianti di AIDS o a altre nuove malattie.

liberamente tradotto dalla homepage di Brian Martin

I protagonisti

Louis PascalTom Curtis: Giornalista americano e autore dell’articolo “L’origine dell’AIDS” (testo in inglese), pubblicato nel 1992 su Rolling Stone.

Bill Hamilton: Biologo dell’evoluzione dell’università di Oxford e professore-ricercatore della Royal Society di Londra. Forse il più eminente sostenitore della teoria del vaccino orale antipolio.

David Ho: “Inventore” degli inibitori della proteasi, una nuova classe di farmaci anti-HIV. Uomo dell’anno 1996 per Time.

Edward Hooper: Autore della più lunga e dettagliata ricerca sull'origine dell'AIDS, culminata con la pubblicazione del libro “The River”, nel 1999. Č il più attivo sostenitore della teoria del vaccino orale antipolio e sulla sua homepage si trova la maggior parte del materiale e ogni aggiornamento (in inglese). homepage di Edward Hooper

scienceHilary Koprowski: Virologo e inventore di una serie di vaccini orali antipolio sperimentati su larga scala in particolare nell’allora Congo Belga.

Gerasmos Lecatsas: Virologo sudafricano che per primo ha proposto esplicitamente una possibile relazione fra vaccini antipolio e HIV.

Brian Martin: sociologo della scienza dell’Università di Wollongong in Australia. Ha difeso la teoria del vaccino orale antipolio, in quanto caso evidente di soppressione di dissenso. La sua pagina raccoglie la maggior parte della documentazione presente in rete sul tema (in inglese).homepage di Brian Martin

Louis Pascal: filosofo e ricercatore indipendente. Padre "fondatore" della teoria del vaccino orale antipolio, nel 1987. Il suo articolo (testo in inglese) è però stato pubblicato solamente nel 1991.

Albert Sabin: virologo che ha sviluppato una serie di vaccini orali antipolio che ancora oggi vengono utilizzati.

Jonas Salk: virologo che ha sviluppato il primo vaccino antipolio inattivato sicuro ed efficace. Ispirato al 'Cast of Characters' contenuto nel libro di Edward Hooper, “The River”

 

Bibliografia

Homepages

Libri e articoli

A - C

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D - I

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J - O

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