Immagine
 Trilingual World Observatory: italiano, english, română. GLOBAL NEWS & more... di Redazione
   
 
\\ Home Page : Articolo
All United Nations member states, including Switzerland, are participating in negotiations to agree a legally binding instrument on international standards for the export and transfer of conventional arms.
By Admin (from 14/07/2012 @ 06:05:50, in en - Science and Society, read 1337 times)

The conference, being held in New York from July 2-27, will include all major producers, exporters and importers of conventional arms.


 
It is hoped the resulting treaty would make the international arms trade more responsible, help alleviate human suffering and curb the illicit trade in arms and weapons.
 
Crucial for the outcome of the negotiations will be the positions of countries such as the United States, Russia and China, all of whom have reservations about certain aspects.
 
Diplomats and non-governmental organisations are hoping for a robust treaty, even if not all states end up signing it.
 
In this regard they are referring to the impact of the treaty on banning anti-personnel mines. Even though big producer countries have not adhered to the Ottawa treaty, production and use of these mines are becoming less frequent since the adoption of the convention.

Model of a Chinese multiple launch rocket system at a defence fair. China is also among the top four weapons imorters

No globally binding rules
While the world trade in many goods such as exotic woods, dinosaur bones or bananas is covered by binding regulations, no such rules exist with regards to the international trade in conventional arms.
 
“Many people are just shocked when they hear this,” Jeff Abramson, director of the Control Arms campaign told swissinfo.ch.
 
Control Arms is a global civil society alliance that has been campaigning for an arms trade treaty for years.
 
Amnesty International, one of the alliance’s founding members, summarises the ramifications of this lack of regulation: every minute somewhere in the world someone dies in a war, from excessive use of weapons violence or because of a crime – more than half a million people a year.

Possible stumbling blocks
A few days before the start of the conference, Abramson was taking a cautiously optimistic stand.
 
“Looking at it under a longer time-frame we’re at a good point now. There’s a lot of energy around,” he said. Sure, a lot of work remains to be done, “but major arms producer countries are on board”.
 
He pointed out that there were open questions and sceptics among the countries. Among them the United States, which has reservations about the inclusion of ammunition in the accord. Or Russia and China with their reservations regarding human rights protection and how this should have an impact on the approval of arms transfer requests.
 
The current example of Syria, Abramson said, showed the importance of curbing the irresponsible trade in arms on a global level.
 
“Now, Russia just points out that there is no United Nations arms embargo against Syria, therefore, their reasoning goes, no rules are broken.”

“Golden Rule”
“For us it is essential that the protection of human rights and international humanitarian law stands at the centre of the treaty. We call it the ‘Golden Rule’ with which those rights must be protected,” he said.
 
This rule must bind all states to analyse whether arms transferred to another state are likely to be used for serious human rights abuses. If that is the case, there can be no approval for a requested transfer.
 
Some states have expressed reservations about those human rights safeguards.
 
“It's all about the formulation,” Abramson said. For Control Arms there’s no question: in case of a risk of human rights violations any export approval must be denied and the formulation must therefore include the words “shall not”. China and Russia and most Middle Eastern Countries opt for less stringent wording.
 
The alliance wants to see a comprehensive treaty that incorporates all kinds of conventional arms and weaponry as well as a system for registering all arms deals and a control mechanism.
 
If the conference comes to a decision by consensus, with a common denominator that is not too weak, the alliance would consider the accord a “first big step, with further steps to come”, Abramson said.

Small arms and light weapons
“Switzerland is among those states with ambitious goals for a strong and efficient treaty. We want an accord that is transparent, non-discriminatory and universal,” Serge Bavaud, expert for security and military questions at Switzerland’s Mission to the United Nations in New York, told swissinfo.ch.
 
A central aspect of the treaty is the standards to be set for any transnational transfers. The treaty should make reference to the UN Charter and Switzerland wants approval for exporting or transferring arms to be given only if there is no danger that these arms will lead to violations of human rights or international humanitarian law.
 
The Swiss also want clear and transparent obligations for national implementation of the treaty’s rules in the individual states.
 
“From our point of view it is very important that the small arms and light weapons are included,” Bavaud said, because those were the weapons harming civilians most often.
 
“If those weapons are not part of the accord, its values will be strongly limited.”

Author: Rita Emch in New York - Source: swissinfo.ch

Articolo Articolo  Storico Storico Stampa Stampa  Share
Cannabis seeds, Autoflowering seeds, Greenhouse, Sweet Seeds, Dutch Passion
comments powered by Disqus
 
Nessun commento trovato. No comments found. Nici un comentariu găsit.

Anti-Spam: dial the numbers CAPTCHA
Text (max 5000 characters)
Nome - Name - Nume
Link ( OPTIONAL - visible on the site - NOT a must )


Disclaimer
Tuo commento sarŕ visibile dopo la moderazione. - Your comment will be visible after the moderation. - Comentariul tău va fi vizibil după moderare.
Ci sono 3537 persone collegate

< ottobre 2019 >
L
M
M
G
V
S
D
 
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
     
             

Titolo
en - Global Observatory (605)
en - Science and Society (594)
en - Video Alert (346)
it - Osservatorio Globale (503)
it - Scienze e Societa (555)
it - Video Alerta (132)
ro - Observator Global (399)
ro - Stiinta si Societate (467)
ro - TV Network (149)
z - Games Giochi Jocuri (68)

Catalogati per mese - Filed by month - Arhivate pe luni:

Gli interventi piů cliccati

Ultimi commenti - Last comments - Ultimele comentarii:
Hi, it's Nathan!Pretty much everyone is using voice search with their Siri/Google/Alexa to ask for services and products now, and next year, it'll be EVERYONE of your customers. Imagine what you are ...
15/01/2019 @ 17:58:25
By Nathan
Now Colorado is one love, I'm already packing suitcases;)
14/01/2018 @ 16:07:36
By Napasechnik
Nice read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on that. And he just bought me lunch since I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that Thank you for lunch! Whenever you ha...
21/11/2016 @ 09:41:39
By Anonimo


Titolo

Latest NEWS @
www.TurismoAssociati.it

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma cured by CANNABIS. The video of Stan and Barb Rutner.

Dr. Joycelyn Elders, U.S. surgeon general: Myths About Medical Marijuana in The Providence Journal, 2004.

Marihuana vindeca CANCERUL: marturii despre uleiul de cocos si canabis.

Yahoo Incorporated Mail. My account recovery information is incorrect. The Password Helper says my password can't be reset online. "First time signing in here?" message.

All information in a video about Donatio Mortis Causa and The Venus Project

What is TOR browser?

Exclusive: U.S. carried out secret cyber strike on Iran in wake of Saudi oil attack, officials say

Warren comes under attack on healthcare, taxes at U.S. Democratic presidential debate

Highlights of the Democratic debate: Warren pile-on, questions about age

White House hopeful Sanders gets endorsements from star progressives

Hong Kong leader aborts policy speech as lawmakers disrupt session

Hong Kong leader presents policy address via video after disruption

Ultimele articole - Antena3.roTragedie în Tulcea. Un barbat a murit din cauza unei candele. Omul nu a mai avut nicio ?ansa

Ministrul de Externe, despre alegerile preziden?iale din diaspora: Desfasurarea procesului de vot în strainatate, în acest moment, este de 122 milioane de lei

HOROSCOP DRAGOSTE 16 OCTOMBRIE. Varsatorii au tensiuni în via?a de cuplu, Leii o duc excelent

HOROSCOP. Sfatul Arhanghelului Mihail pentru zodii 16 octombrie. Berbecii trebuie sa creada într-un plan divin, pentru Raci totul este posibil

Taifunul Hagibis a luat peste 70 de vieti în Japonia. Alte zeci de persoane sunt date disparute

HOROSCOP 16 OCTOMBRIE. Fecioarele au idei noi, Taurii petrec timp în familie





16/10/2019 @ 07:11:08
script eseguito in 756 ms