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Obiectul:
O solutie europeană pentru o problemă europeană: legalizarea canabisului. Organizatia ECI Weed are ca scop adoptarea unei politici comune in Uniunea Europeană, privind controlul si reglementarea productiei de canabis, utilizarea si vânzarea.

Obiectivele principale:
În prezent, există o hartă juridic eterogenă în ceea ce priveste politica canabisului în UE. Problema de coerentă si de discriminare merita cercetata. O politică comună privind controlul si reglementarea productiei de canabis, utilizarea si vânzarea lui, va ajuta la: (a) să asigure egalitatea în fata legii si a non-discriminării tuturor cetătenilor UE, (b) a proteja consumatorii si de a monitoriza precum si pentru a testa in laborator efectele asupra sănătătii; (c) punem punct traficului de canabis. Haideti să imbratisam legalizarea canabisului si armonizarea legislatiilor nationale disponibile in tarile europene. Ilegalizarea plantei a avut loc in anii 1930, avand efecte dezastruase asupra populatiei.

Faceti clic aici pentru a sustine această initiativă

Numărul de înregistrare atribuit de Comisia Europeană:
ECI(2013)000008

Data înregistrării:
20/11/2013

Adresa de internet a propunerii de initiativă cetătenească în registrul Comisiei Europene:
http://ec.europa.eu/citizens-initiative/public/initiatives/ongoing/details/2013/000008/en

Numele persoanelor de contact înregistrate:
FESEFELDT Bendix, BALAS Pierre

Adresele de e-mail ale persoanelor de contact înregistrate:
bendix.fesefeldt@sciencespo.fr, pierre.balas@sciencespo.fr

Numele celorlalti organizatori înregistrati:
TOJA DE LA MUELA Delia, VERDAM Pieter David, VAN BERWAER Gaelle, TARDELL Miriam, LORIMER Marta

Pagina de internet a initiativei cetătenesti (dacă există):
http://weedliketotalk.wix.com/wltt

Faceti clic aici pentru a sustine aceasta initiativa

Pentru a sustine o initiativă cetătenească europeană trebuie să fiti cetătean al UE (să fiti originar dintr-un stat membru al UE) si să aveti vârsta la care să puteti vota la alegerile pentru Parlamentul European (18 ani în toate tările cu exceptia Austriei, unde vârsta minimă este de 16 ani).
Mai multe informatii privind regulile si conditiile referitoare la initiativa cetătenească europeană:
http://ec.europa.eu/citizens-initiative

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Subject matter:
A European solution to a European issue: legalizing cannabis. The ECI Weed like to talk aims at making the EU adopt a common policy on the control and regulation of cannabis production, use and sale.

Main objectives:
There is currently a heterogeneous legal map as regards cannabis policies in the EU. The question of coherence and discrimination is worth asking. A common policy on the control and regulation of cannabis production, use and sale would: (a) ensure equality before the law and non-discrimination of all EU citizens; (b) protect consumers and monitor health security; (c) end cannabis trafficking. Let's leap toward the legalization of cannabis and the harmonization of national legislations accross the EU.

Information on this proposed initiative is available in the following languages:
English

European Commission registration number:
ECI(2013)000008

Date of registration:
20/11/2013

Click here to support this initiative

Web address of this proposed citizens' initiative in the European Commission's register:
http://ec.europa.eu/citizens-initiative/public/initiatives/ongoing/details/2013/000008/en

Names of registered contact persons:
FESEFELDT Bendix, BALAS Pierre

E-mail addresses of registered contact persons:
bendix.fesefeldt@sciencespo.fr, pierre.balas@sciencespo.fr

Names of the other registered organisers:
TOJA DE LA MUELA Delia, VERDAM Pieter David, VAN BERWAER Gaelle, TARDELL Miriam, LORIMER Marta

Website of this proposed citizens' initiative (if any):
http://weedliketotalk.wix.com/wltt

To support a European Citizens' Initiative, you must be an EU citizen (national of an EU member state) and be old enough to vote in European Parliament elections (18 except Austria where the voting age is 16).
For more information on the rules and conditions for the European Citizens' Initiative:
http://ec.europa.eu/citizens-initiative

Click here to support this initiative

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Nato negli Stati Uniti D'America e diffuso su larga scala prima in Europa e poi sempre di più nel mondo intero, attualmente il consumismo è il sistema economico dominante, anche se negli ultimi anni è sempre più in rapida discesa e si prospetta per il futuro un suo graduale superamento.
L'era consumista è legata a quella che viene definita come la "società dell'immagine", che ha favorito la progressiva mercificazione di ogni aspetto della vita sociale e non.

Un fattore imprescindibile per l'affermazione su vasta scala e per il consolidamento del sistema consumista è stato ed è tutt'ora il massiccio utilizzo dei mezzi di comunicazione di massa, a partire dalla televisione, per orientare e plasmare i cittadini, in modo da aumentare a dismisura la massa di potenziali clienti e/o consumatori utili per vendere sempre di più prodotti e illusioni a buon mercato, e in questo modo ricavarne un'abbondante profitto nonchè una cospicua dose di influenza e potere.
In questo articolo mi occuperò dell'origine di questo sistema e di come si è potuto imporre concentrandomi principalmente sulla figura di Edward Bernays, considerato come il pioniere di tutto questo.

Edward Bernays e la manipolazione delle masse

Personaggio chiave per la nascita del sistema consumista, il pubblicista e pubblicitario Edward Bernays, insieme a Walter Lippmann e Ivy Lee è considerato anche il pioniere delle moderne relazioni pubbliche nonchè della moderna manipolazione delle masse che viene attuata sopratutto grazie all'utilizzo dei mass media, e che è stata descritta  in modo ottimale dal teorico della comunicazione e linguista più importante contemporaneo  Noam Chomsky, nella sua  lista delle 10 strategie della manipolazione mediatica.

Essenzialmente l'obiettivo di Bernays era quello di perfezionare le tecniche di propaganda e di persuasione a lui contemporanee al fine di renderle ancora più subdole e al contempo dare una parvenza di libertà in modo da occultare, perlomeno a livello conscio, la manipolazione sottostante.
Difatti  la "libertà di scelta" a livello commerciale, ma anche politico, esiste solo formalmente ma non nella realtà.
Chiaramente ci si può orientare tra tantissimi e diversi prodotti, ma l'elemento fondamentale è che si pensa che non se ne può fare a meno, e questo è stato ed è l'obiettivo della suddetta persuasione: l'induzione alla  dipendenza dalle strutture fondanti la società del consumo,  che con il tempo si è fatta sempre più totalizzante e uniformante tanto da far credere che non possano esistere alternative credibili ad essa.
L'opera principale di Bernays fu "Propaganda", un libro scritto nel 1928 in cui argomentava che per poter funzionare la cosiddetta democrazia moderna doveva e deve essere guidata da un'elitè che pianifica e controlla ogni aspetto della vita culturale, politica, e se possibile sociale del paese, impedendo in questo modo che gli individui di per sè e il popolo  possano avere qualche voce in capitolo, in quanto considerati portatori di " spinte disgregatrici".
Un'altro suo classico è "Cristallizing Pubblic Opinion" del 1932, che ispirò , tra gli altri, anche il ministro della propaganda nazista Joseph Goebbels.

La manipolazione psicologica

Bernays si ispirò principalmente ai concetti espressi da Gustave Le Bon  in "Psicologia delle folle" , considerata la sua opera più importante nonchè il testo di ispirazione per la propaganda politica moderna tanto che venne letto e ispirò profondamente dittatori come Lenin, Hitler, Stalin e Mussolini e venne usato per la costruzione del consenso necessario al mantenimento dei rispettivi regimi.

Bernays seppe coniugare in modo efficace le teorie espresse da Le Bon insieme all'utilizzo delle conoscenze derivate dagli studi sulla psiche umana che andavano diffondendosi in quel periodo, sopratutto grazie agli sforzi di  Sigmund Freud, di cui tra l'altro era nipote.

Difatti si accorse che facendo insistentemente leva su desideri e aspirazioni degli individui e più in generale delle masse, e anche sugli istinti e sulle emozioni primarie che hanno tutti sede nella parte inconscia della mente umana, si potevano aggirare  facilmente le normali resistenze che di solito operano a livello cosciente
e quindi influenzare e ri-programmare  o per dirla più semplicemente manipolare radicalmente la mente umana e in questo modo garantire un'efficace controllo.

Mentre queste conoscenze del funzionamento della "mente inconscia" vengono usate generalmente per tentare di risolvere conflitti e disagi personali in ambito psicologico, a livello politico e mediatico  vengono utilizzate per garantire facilmente consenso e aumentare o consolidare l' influenza e il  potere di chi se ne serve per promuovere i propri interessi.

Guardando la storia recente di esempi ce ne sarebbero a iosa, basti pensare al totalitarismo nazifascista o a quello comunista e più in generale alla manipolazione ideologica, di cui ho parlato nell'articolo "Le ideologie organizzate e la manipolazione delle masse",  e a cui rimando.

La pubblicità commerciale

In ambito economico e  mediatico questi processi si possono chiaramente riscontrare nell'utilizzo della pubblicità commerciale,  la quale serve a indurre i potenziali clienti a comprare un determinato prodotto non tanto per la sua qualità, ma per ciò che rappresenta o si pretende possa rappresentare.

Difatti ogni prodotto acquistato e posseduto,  garantisce un determinato status ( non solo sociale ma anche a livello simbolico ad es ) che aumenta o diminuisce a seconda del brand scelto, e quindi del marchio dello stesso.

La qualità e l'utilizzo del prodotto sono secondari: da qui nasce la tanto famigerata "obsolescenza programmata" , grazie alla quale si assiste sempre di più alla creazione di prodotti pronti per essere usati in tempi più brevi  possibili e abbandonati e/o ricambiati a seconda delle esigenze della moda.

La pubblicità commerciale fa  generalmente leva su desideri, aspirazioni e speranze  che vengono proiettate su un determinato prodotto che viene venduto , oppure molto più spesso sulla creazione di falsi bisogni e false necessità spacciate come fondamentali.

Essenzialmente la pubblicità si basa inoltre sull'induzione in uno stato quasi ipnotico, ovvero uno stato psichico in cui le normali resistenze coscienti sono oltrepassate e l'Io ne è fortemente indebolito.

Inoltre il costante bombardamento pubblicitario che subiamo ogni giorno serve per renderci inconsapevolmente schiavi prima di tutto del nostro ego, e in seguito delle catene "invisibili" su cui si basa la società di consumo e dell'immagine moderna , e quindi porta a delegare continuamente alle strutture e ai gruppi di potere che comandano ( banche,  grosse multinazionali etc ) e passo dopo passo a barattare sempre più libertà nel nome di un sempre più fittizio "benessere" economico fondato unicamente sugli standard  finanziari, sull'andamento delle borse, insomma su tutto ciò che costituisce il PIL e di cui Robert Kennedy in un celebre discorso disse:

"Non troveremo mai un fine per la nazione né una nostra personale soddisfazione nel mero perseguimento del benessere economico, nell'ammassare senza fine beni terreni. Non possiamo misurare lo spirito nazionale sulla base dell'indice Dow-Jones, nè i successi del paese sulla base del Prodotto Interno Lordo. Il PIL comprende anche l'inquinamento dell'aria e la pubblicità delle sigarette, e le ambulanze per sgombrare le nostre autostrade dalle carneficine dei fine-settimana. Il PIL mette nel conto le serrature speciali per le nostre porte di casa, e le prigioni per coloro che cercano di forzarle. Comprende programmi televisivi che valorizzano la violenza per vendere prodotti violenti ai nostri bambini. Cresce con la produzione di napalm, missili e testate nucleari, comprende anche la ricerca per migliorare la disseminazione della peste bubbonica, si accresce con gli equipaggiamenti che la polizia usa per sedare le rivolte, e non fa che aumentare quando sulle loro ceneri si ricostruiscono i bassifondi popolari. Il PIL non tiene conto della salute delle nostre famiglie, della qualità della loro educazione o della gioia dei loro momenti di svago. Non comprende la bellezza della nostra poesia o la solidità dei valori familiari, l'intelligenza del nostro dibattere o l'onestà dei nostri pubblici dipendenti. Non tiene conto né della giustizia nei nostri tribunali, né dell'equità nei rapporti fra di noi".

Fonte: InformazioneConsapevole - Autore: Salvatore Santoru

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In timp ce cercetam utilizarea terapiilor alternative ce au fost utilizate de catre Suzanne Somers, am dat peste doctori si mass-media ce incercau cu disperare sa ii strice reputatia acesteia. Raspunsurile lor erau atat de pripite incat ei au dezvaluit accidental statistici care nu sunt in mod normal la indemana publicului.

"Constatam ca circa 25 pana la 30 la suta din unele tipuri de cancer se opresc din crestere la un moment dat, fapt care poate face ca unele tratamente ce nu fac nimic sa arate bine. Pana cand medicii sa isi dea seama cum sa identifice care pacienti au cancere ce nu vor progresa, singura optiune este sa trateze pe toata lumea."

Doctorul Otis Brawley, functionar medical sef al Societatii Americane de Cancer

In timp ce unii oameni ar putea considera a fi relativ mic procentul de 25-30 la suta, el este de fapt mult mai ridicat decat ratele acestora de succes pentru chimioterapii; mai ales cand definesti ca "vindecarea" sa tina mai mult de 5 ani. Adevarata rata de vindecare pe intreaga durata a vietii oscileaza intre 3 si 4 la suta pentru tratamentele obisnuite. Cand le comparam, 30% devine brusc o cifra foarte impresionanta cu un castig de 10 ori. Desigur, acest numar vorbeste doar pentru cei care, se presupune, nu fac absolut nimic. Terapiile alternative obtin rate de supravietuire pe viata cu mult mai mari de 30%, dar aceste date nu sunt discutate public de oficialii medicali, si, rareori, in particular. In ciuda pregatirii lor de peste 12 ani in medicina, nici unul dintre acestia nu pare a cunoaste ceva despre Premiul Nobel pentru medicina din 1931 ce a fost acordat Doctorului Otto Warburg pentru descoperirea cauzei cancerului, pe baza careia majoritatea terapiilor alternative se bazeaza.

De ce nu sunt oferite niciodata aceste cifre pacientilor ce sunt diagnosticati cu cancer? De ce li se spune insa minciuna ca vor muri daca refuza chimioterapia si radiatiile cand de obicei opusul este valabil?

Imi aduc aminte de un vecin care a fost diagnosticat cu cancer pe cand eram copil. I se spusese cum, chiar cu chimioterapie, ar mai fi avut doar sase luni de trait. Fara chimioterapie, durata lui de viata a fost estimata in saptamani. Acesta a refuzat tratamentul, si este si astazi sanatos urmand 10 ani de lipsa de tratament. El si-a cultivat propriile alimente bio si s-a angajat in meditatii frecvente dupa diagnostic. Tratamentul lui a venit de la marele om de stiinta.

Am cautat neobositi pentru rata de succes a acelora ce au decis sa se indeparteze de toate tratamentele pentru mai multi ani, dar am gasit-o atunci cand Societatea Americana de Cancer s-a impiedicat in incercarile ei de a-si apara reputatia invinetita de catre blanda Susan Somers. De ce nu au comunicat public acele cifre inainte? Recuperarea Suzzannei Somers a fost in mod evident destul de jenanta pentru ei, deoarece ea nu este doar una dintre nenumaratele persoane ce s-au vindecat singure de cancer in mod permanent (nu doar pentru 5 ani de "supravietuire"), dar, de asemenea, ea a dezvaluit public despre experientele ei cu tratamentele alternative. Daca ar fi urmat terapiile ortodoxe, ea ar fi avut o sansa de 96% de a nu mai fi in viata, iar moartea prelungita a acesteia ar fi fost cu adevarat oribila.

Citatul pomenit anterior duce la alta concluzie interesanta. Doctorii nu au intr-adevar nici o idee despre care cancere vor progresa si care nu o vor face. Prin urmare, trebuie sa ne intrebam daca testarea timpurie este cu adevarat o idee buna. Prin testarile timpurii, acestea nu doar stimuleaza de fapt cancerul prin radiatii, incizii si otravire, dar medicii descopera deseori anomalii ce vor disparea de altfel in mod natural daca ar fi lasate in pace. Ei trateaza intotdeauna aceste anomalii, iar pacientii mor aproape tot timpul de la aceste tratamente in cele din urma. Oamenii mor in zilele noastre din cauza tratamentelor si nu a cancerelor, lucru ce este dovedit de propriile statistici ale institutiilor medicale. Ori de cate ori corpul uman este expus chimioterapiei, cancerele vor lovi mai devreme sau mai tarziu, indiferent daca acestea au existat initial. Toate drogurile chimioterapice sunt cancerigene si ele slabesc toate celulele sanatoase. Aceste lucruri sunt recunoscute in literatura oficiala drept efecte adverse pentru toate asa-numitele medicamente anti-cancerigene, iar distrugerea masiva a celulelor este in mod oficial o parte integranta a tratamentelor standard prin destinatie. Ei sustin ca medicamentele lor ataca celulele canceroase mai slabe, dar ele de fapt fac acest lucru atacand toate celulele, implicit chiar sistemul imunitar absolut necesar pentru recuperare.

"De la doua la patru procente din cancere raspund la chimioterapie."

- Ralph Moss, Ph.D, 1995

Continuati sa mergeti pentru leac, dar aceste cifre nu vor creste cu mult. Daca se intampla sa intalniti o crestere a ratelor de succes a tratamentelor conventionale de cancer, atunci puteti fi siguri ca metodele de masurare a valorilor de vindecare au fost modificate, nu ratele de supravietuire. Astfel este pregatita stiinta medicinei moderne. Supravietuirea cu putin mai mult de 5 ani este considerata de fapt un remediu, dar aproape toata lumea ce nu este contabilizata in aceste cifre decedeaza in perioada de 5 si 10 ani. Este numita "coacerea datelor" in cercurile contabilitatii, dar noi o chemam crima. Cei mai multi oameni raman socati cand afla ca cei ce sunt ucisi in timpul studiilor cu droguri medicamentoase nu sunt inclusi in aceste rezultate ale statisticii, deoarece ei "nu au finalizat studiul". Cu alte cuvinte, a fi ucis de catre medicament ajuta sansa companiilor farmaceutice intru obtinerea aprobarii tratamentului medicamentos.

"Succesul majoritatii tratamentelor chimioterapice este infiorator... Nu exista nici o dovada stiintifica asupra capacitatii acestora de prelungire in orice mod apreciabil a vietii pacientilor ce sufera de cele mai frecvente forme de cancer organic... Chimioterapia pentru forme maligne prea avansate pentru chirurgie, care reprezinta 80% din toate cazurile de cancer, este un pustiu stiintific."

- Dr. Uhlrich Abel

Daca industria cencerului ar fi cu adevarat preocupata de progresul stiintific, atunci nimeni nu ar ascunde aceste statistici. Adevarului nu ii este teama de a fi investigat. In schimb, numerele sunt in mod repetat acoperite, iar comunitatea stiintifica exclude din randurile sale pe oricine refuza sa-i accepte dogma plina de zel. Nu este stiinta. Este vorba de politica, chiar o forma foarte mortala a acesteia. Comunitatea stiintifica corupta a devenit mult mai interesata de politica, bani, putere si control decat de adevar, sau chiar de stiinta insasi.

Traducerea si adaptarea: Arturo Find pentru TurismoAssociati.it - Sursa: WorldTruth - American Cancer Society Admitted That Untreated Cancers Often Go Away Naturally

Referinte:
Societatea Americana de Cancer - American Cancer Society
ziarul Newsweek &
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health

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By Admins (from 29/04/2014 @ 05:05:34, in ro - TV Network, read 1010 times)

ESARFA, esarfe, s. f. 1. Fâsie de lână, de mătase etc. care se înfăsoară în jurul gâtului (mai ales de femei) ca podoabă. 2. Fâsie de stofă sau de mătase purtată în diagonală pe piept sau ca un brâu, semn al unei functii (înalte) sau al unei demnităti. 3. Bandă de stofă, de pânză etc. care se poartă pe după gât ca să sustină o mână bandajată sau fracturată.

BATIC, -uri n. 1) Bucată de tesătură (uni sau pestritată) având forma pătrată sau triunghiulară si folosită, mai ales de femei, pentru a-si acoperi capul; basma. 2) Tesătură colorată si imprimată după un procedeu special.

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By Admins (from 28/04/2014 @ 06:01:22, in en - Global Observatory, read 1515 times)

1 – Cannabis seeds contain the "genotype" of the plant, the genetic code which provides the instructions for building the finished "phenotype". This DNA is often a hybrid of genetics from the three recognized cannabis sub-species: Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis.

2 – Many of the commercially available cannabis seeds are feminized: this means that they are likely (but not guaranteed!) to produce female plants rather than male ones. This is very handy for breeders who otherwise have to great lengths to make sure that they separate the male from the female plants.

3 – Genetics from the Ruderalis sub-species are often included in popular strains because this is the only one of the three main types which flowers based on age rather than the length of daylight exposure – thus creating autoflowering seeds. This, along with the fact that Ruderalis is a very hardy herb, means that it is prized for creating hybrids even though its natural THC content is extremely low.

4 – Cannabis seeds can be stored for years without significantly reducing their viability. They need to be somewhere dry, dark and cool; ideally they should be stored at around 6C, and in an air-tight or vacuum-packed container.

5 – The majority of cannabis seeds on the market are hybrids from a dizzying lineage of cross-breeds. Seeds of landrace strains are different: they’re from plants which occur naturally in the wild, and their genetics have been shaped by natural – rather than artificial – selection.

6 – Hemp oil, which is produced by pressing cannabis seeds, is used in the manufacture of a wide range of beauty products and plastics, but it is also prized as a food supplement because of its high levels of essential fatty acids (EFAs). The seeds themselves contain no THC, so hemp oil is not psychoactive.

7 – Cannabis is a pretty hardy weed, so it isn’t actually that difficult to get the seeds to turn into seedlings: they will grow whenever and wherever they get the chance. To germinate they need moisture, warmth and a little bit of time. Most seeds will start to produce roots within 72 hours of being tucked up somewhere damp and humid, and although they are very delicate at this stage, they will grow quickly if they get sufficient sunlight and nutrition.

8 – Cannabis seeds have been found on a wide range of archaeological sites, including in Viking ship burials and within the tombs of Chinese mummies. Often they appear in contexts where hemp was not widely used for rope or textiles, suggesting that it was the THC which appealed to the people who left the seeds there.

9 – In southern Poland there is a traditional soup called siemieniotka which is made from cannabis seeds. It is traditionally enjoyed at Wigilia, the Christmas Eve supper that forms the focal point of the Christmas festivities.

10 – The law regarding cannabis seeds changes from country to country – and even within countries. So while it’s perfectly legal to purchase and own cannabis seeds in many countries please check your local laws to make sure that owning a few seeds is not going to land you up in jail!

Seedscanner is currently comparing over 12,000 cannabis seeds (and counting!)

Source: ismokemag

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Canabinoizii sunt o clasa de substante chimice gasite in marihuana. Acestea sunt, de asemenea, ingredientele principale din tratamentele pe baza de canabis utilizate pentru scleroza multipla (MS), cum ar fi Sativex.

Dar, pana acum, cannabinoizii sunt recunoscuti doar pentru capacitatea lor de a gestiona simptomele acestei tulburari, dupa spusele cercetatorului american Yumin Zhang, MD, Ph.D, care evidentiaza si efectele psihoactive ale acestora drept un dezavantaj major.

Compusul THC (TetraHidroCanabinol - nota Redactiei TurismoAssociati) este deja utilizat cu siguranta in Canada si mai multe alte tari europene. Acesta are unele efecte in combaterea durerii si a spasticitatii. Dar pentru acesti canabinoizi exogeni, exista preocupare cu privire la efectul secundar.

Prin urmare, oameni de stiinta cum ar fi Dr. Zhang au inceput sa investigheze o varietate de canabinoizi sintetici - sperand sa imite efectele protective ale compusilor derivati din marijuana, reducand in acelasi timp psihoactivitatea acestora.

Dar studiile continua sa sugereze ca acest obiectiv ar putea fi greu de realizat.

Publicati online in revista Neuroscience, Dr. Zhang si colegii sai de la Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences au decis sa clarifice mai bine diferitele roluri ale cailor substantelor canabinoide pe un tipar de MS pe cobai.

 

In timp ce receptorii CB1 sunt responsabili de euforia asociata cu marihuana, receptorii CB2 nu au nici un efect euforizant si sunt, prin urmare, centrul atentiei noilor terapii canabinoide.

Dar, ca si multe dintre cele precedente, studiul a concluzionat ca este activitatea CB1, nu cea a CB2, care "contribuie in mod semnificativ la efectele anti-inflamatorii si neuroprotective ale canabinoizilor in scleroza multipla".

Intr-adevar, potentialul canabinoizilor de a proteja neuronii de daunele cauzate de MS (scleroza multipla) a oferit speranta pentru tratamentele ce pot vindeca, sau cel putin sa incetineasca, tulburarea degenerativa.

Dr. Zhang afirma ca unii produsi sintetizati precum CB52 - unul dintre canabinoizii utilizati in cel mai recent studiu - au demonstrat rezultate promitatoare in stadiile incipiente cercetarii. Cu toate acestea, este dificil sa se distinga efectele terapeutice de potentialul efect secundar, deoarece CB52 actioneaza asupra ambilor receptori CB1 si CB2.

Folosind acest compus, am constatat ca in studiile in vitro, au cu siguranta efecte mai bune in comparatie cu alti compusi. Acesta este unul dintre motivele pentru care il utilizam. Dar nu cunosc inca potentialul acestui medicament (drug = drog) pentru a fi folosit in studii clinice. Cred ca orice medicament (drog), daca este utilizat intr-o anumita doza elevata, are intotdeauna un efect secundar.

Dupa efectuarea unei serii de studii ce au implicat canabinoizii si modele de MS, Dr. Zhang admite ca ar putea fi ideal vizarea ambilor receptori CB1 si CB2 in loc doar a CB2.

Dar el spera ca noi droguri (in engleza drugs=medicamente - nota Red. TA) pot imbunatati eficacitatea canabinoizilor traditionali.

"Eu cred in continuare ca activarea ambilor receptori CB1 si CB2 ar fi mai ideala," a spus doctorul Zhang.

"Cel mai important lucru este modul prin care sa imbunatatim efectele protective si in acelasi timp sa reducem efectele secundare. Augmentarea valorilor endogene ale canabinoizilor ar putea fi o alternativa si o abordare mai buna pentru tratamentul MS (sclerozei multiple), si eventual a altor boli neurologice."

Studiul a fost publicat inainte de tiparire si a primit finantare de la National Multiple Sclerosis Society, Defense Medical Research and Development Program si Uniformed Services University

Traducerea si adaptarea: Arturo Find pentru TurismoAssociati.it - Sursa: LeafScience - Cannabinoids Show Promise In Slowing MS, But 'High' Raises Concern (7 Oct, 2013 - Revised on 10/09/13)

Referinte:
Neuroscience Journal
Uniformed Services University
National Multiple Sclerosis Society
Defense Medical Research and Development Program

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How hypocritical our society is? As an individual, nowadays, one should watch for the corrupt Government and Law enforcers...

Irvin Rosenfeld, a 56-year old stockbroker from Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., doesn't look like a record-setting pothead, but last week he woke up, turned on CNBC, and lit up his 115,000th joint.

If you think his dealer is thrilled to have a client who has smoked 10 to 12 joints a day for the past 28 years, you're wrong. Rosenfeld, who suffers from a rare form of bone cancer, isn't your typical weed smoker, and his dealer isn't your typical drug pusher. He gets his joints -- 300 at a time, one shipment every 25 days -- courtesy of the United States federal government.

"I don't know that I've broken a record, but I've certainly set one. No one else in the world can document having smoked 115,000 cannabis cigarettes – let alone the ones I smoked before that. I'm living proof that medical cannabis is real medicine. We need to get medicine in the hands of patients who really need it," said Rosenfeld.

Ironically, the government that supplies Rosenfeld with medical marijuana has for decades denied the drug's efficacy, penalized those states that legalized medicinal cannabis and -- until just months ago -- actively prosecuted suppliers in those states.

Rosenfeld said the drug acts as "a muscle relaxant, an anti-inflammatory, a painkiller and keeps tumors from growing."

What it does not do, he said, is get him high.

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"I don't get high. I need the medicine; I'm not getting any euphoria," he said.

Rosenfeld said the marijuana allows him to maintain a normal life. He's been married for 36 years, goes to work every day, volunteers teaching disabled children to sail, and is working on a book.

His clients, he said, know about his marijuana use and are impressed by his doggedness.

"I always ask them, 'Have you ever met anyone who has taken on the federal government and won? If you want that kind of expertise and work ethic, then hire me.'"

The Drug War

When Rosenfeld began receiving marijuana from the federal government in 1982, he became the second patient to benefit under a narrowly defined "compassionate protocol" that supplied glaucoma and cancer patients with cannabis until the Federal Drug Administration's Investigational New Drug Program was disbanded a decade later.

Today, Rosenfeld is one of only four patients who continue to receive weed from the federal government. He is the longest surviving member of the program.

He uses the marijuana to treat two conditions -- one called multiple congenital cartilaginous exostosis, the other pseudohypoparathyroidism. They cause painful tumors to grow on his bones. His experience, he said, has led him to become one of the nation's most vocal proponents of medical marijuana use.

He has testified before the legislatures of several of the 13 states that have legalized cannabis for medicinal purposes and has for nearly three decades fought the federal government to allow him to continue to use pot.

Though marijuana -- even for medicinal use -- is outlawed under federal law, the government began supplying a handful of patients with the drug in the late 1970s. When the program was outlawed in 1992, Rosenfeld fought to continue receiving the drugs.

Diagnosed when he was 10 years old, Rosenfeld found marijuana helped with his pain when he tried it for the first time as a college student in the 1970s. Desperate not to use an illegal substance, he petitioned the Federal Drug Administration for five years to let him receive government-grown marijuana.

Every month for the last 28 years, Rosenfeld has received 300 joints from the government, sealed in large tins and delivered to his local pharmacy. The marijuana comes from cannabis plants grown by the government on a small farm at the University of Mississippi. The plants are sent to Raleigh, N.C., where the National Institute of Drug Addiction dries them and prepares the cigarettes.

The federal government has traditionally cracked down on states that allow medical marijuana. When the bulk of the program it ran was shut down in the early 1990s, Rosenfeld twice sued and won to be allowed access to federally-grown weed.

Despite the federal government's efforts to grow and produce high quality marijuana, the government's position is decidedly against its use.

The Drug Enforcement Agency does not refer to medical marijuana on its Web site without putting the word "medical" in quotes, and insists there is little science to support the use of smoking marijuana for medicinal purposes.

"There are no FDA-approved medications that are smoked. For one thing, smoking is generally a poor way to deliver medicine. It is difficult to administer safe, regulated dosages of medicines in smoked form. Secondly, the harmful chemicals and carcinogens that are byproducts of smoking create entirely new health problems. There are four times the level of tar in a marijuana cigarette, for example, than in a tobacco cigarette," the DEA says on its Web site.

In March, the Obama administration shifted federal policy away from prosecuting medical-marijuana dispensers in states where distribution had been legalized.

Only once, in 1983, was Rosenfeld arrested for possession. He was picked up in Orlando by a policeman who didn't initially believe his use was federally protected.

Ever since then, he said, he has carried a letter from his local police chief and a security officer at the Miami airport, explaining that he has permission to possess the drugs.

Source: abcnews

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There are many reasons why people smoke marijuana. Some do it recreationally, some for medical purposes, and even some who consider it a part of their religion or spirituality.

In ancient times, cannabis was used in India by Hindu saints. Herodotus, an ancient Greek historian, wrote about its use in ceremonial practices by the Scythians, who were an Iranian tribe known for their use of horses.

In more recent times, the Rastafari movement that began in Jamaica promotes the spiritual use of marijuana. They use it as a way to worship their messiah, Haile Selassie, and as an aid to meditation. Rastafaris believe cannabis was the tree of life as described in the book of Genesis. Its use is sacramental and deeply religious, and it is believed smoking brings one closer to God. However, it is not necessary to smoke marijuana to be a Rastafari.

The Rastafari are not the only ones who hold this view of marijuana. In the year 2000 Roger Christie founded what is now known as the THC Ministry. In this religion, cannabis is considered to be a sacrament, not unlike communion. Members practice their religion with an emphasis on cannabis' healing and enlightening properties.

The cornerstone of the THC Ministry's belief is that the cultivation and use of marijuana is a human right provided by God and protected by the constitution. They believe cannabis was the original sacrament of almost every major world religion, and that the plant has the ability to satisfy our every desire.

The church's mission involves promoting use of the hemp plant and opening people's eyes to its benefits, and it is active in the legal and social issues surrounding its use in the Unites States. However, they ran into trouble with the law in 2010, when the founder and a few others associated with the ministry were accused of marijuana possession and trafficking. Since then, Christie has been in and out of court defending his beliefs.

Religions like Rastafari and the THC Ministry fall under an umbrella term called Cantheism. This is a modern term used for religions who base their beliefs on how awesome the cannabis plant is, while neither endorsing or condemning other religions or faiths that do not agree. Adherents to these religions can be known as cantheists, or cannabists. A treatise describing all the beliefs associated with Cantheism can be found here.

My favorite part about Cantheism is how seriously it approaches the matter. For example, the very first creed states: "I believe that Cannabis sativa is the useful cane and the true hemp." Part of the Cantheist code also states that followers  "will share (their) faith, but not be obnoxious about it."  In this kind of situation, I think it's important that religions centered around marijuana appear serious and professional, lest they be judged as a religion of pot heads.

Other churches, like the Universal Life Church, are welcoming to people who would consider themselves cantheists. Those who feel strongly about such matters and want to take it to the next level can even get ordained for free. The only requirement is that one's beliefs and practices may not discriminate or infringe on the rights of others.

While I personally have a more conservative approach, and would disagree with the notion of uniting cannabis and religion or spirituality, I understand why some choose to follow this path. Those who do should take it seriously, though, because faith and spirituality are serious things. With the way things are changing in the United States regarding marijuana laws, it seems logical to assume Cantheism will become more prevalent.

Source: weedist

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A foodie “gastro-guide” who was profiled last year for his popular food tours of Seattle that he personalizes, Bryce Lathrop from the White Mustache Urban Adventures is all set to add on to his set of specialized events, “high-end all-inclusive marijuana adventure”.

First Tour Slated on April 2, 2014

The first tour is said to take place on 2th of April. Lathrop is organizing the event to be a multi-day one which will include classes for cooking savory items as well as sweet items using marijuana along with a “behind the scenes access to dispensaries, head shops, and grow facilities,” that carries a promise of eating of loads of goodies and food in a “legal and responsible” way. Just as his other food tours, Lathrop and his other guides will be driving the participants of the tours themselves like always between the stops. Lathrop adds with great gusto -“There is zero reason for these people to have to drive or do anything; I’m tucking them in at the hotel at the end of the evening.” The drive to the hotel will be after a stop for a late night snack in a place like Dick’s Drive-in or even Loretta’s North Western in South Park. The total cost of the multi-day tours which includes about 3 nights in a, what Lathrop calls “5-star Seattle downtown hotel,” is $1420.

Legalization of Weed in Seattle Has Brought a Radical Change

Ever since marijuana was legalized in the Seattle, Lathrop reveals that he has been contacted by several potential pot tour takers; his tour business covers places like Vancouver and Portland. He is known to conduct a number of themed and specialized events like a tour he calls “Musical plates” that is a perfect combination of live music and food. When he was initially suggested to do pot tours, he turned it down. But one fine day, a client pointed out how extremely successful such ventures have been in Denver (where pots are legalized), he decided to give it a shot. Since a lot of food tours happen in the evenings, he decided the pot tour could help get his licensed limousine company engaged during off hours. He said,“Denver is really trying to pitch itself as the New Amsterdam, so I’m sure Seattle’s going to do it too. I just really wanted to be the first.” While he has been advertising this tour to travellers, many citizens of Seattle have requested him on his Facebook page to do scaled-down versions of this tour that is specialized for Seattleites.

Source: Feminizedseeds

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