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 Trilingual World Observatory: italiano, english, română. GLOBAL NEWS & more... di Redazione
 
   
 
Di seguito tutti gli interventi pubblicati sul sito, in ordine cronologico.
 
 

RULES. Help Sweet Tooth reach the top level with a pie on it. Watch the fierce enemies. Some levels have slippery platforms where you can't stand still but only move. Controls: left/right arow keys - to move; up arrow key - jump.

Sweet Tooth: Help Sweet Tooth jump on the platforms and reach the top level to grab the pie, avoiding the fierce enemies.

Controls: Keyboard: Move Left Left Arrow Key Move Right Right Arrow Key Jump Up Arrow Key

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Studiul, publicat on-line in revista de urologie BJUI, ajuta in explicarea ameliorarii simptomelor vezicii urinare observata la pacientii cu scleroza multipla care iau medicamente pe baza de canabis.

Constatarile prezente sugereaza faptul ca receptorii CB1 sunt implicati in controlul nervos periferic si central al mictiunii (urinarii).

Receptorii CB1 sunt activati de un compus din marihuana numit THC, cel care creaza euforia pe care utilizatorii o experimenteaza. In timp ce in cea mai mare parte sunt concentrati in creier, receptorii CB1 se gasesc de asemenea in cantitati mai mici in tot organismul, inclusiv in vezica.

Un grup international de cercetatori, condus de Dr. Claudius Fullhase de la Departamentul de Urologie a Universitatii Ludwig-Maximilians, a studiat cobai nascuti fara acesti receptori si au constatat ca acestia aveau tipare de urinari spontate mai frecvente comparativ cu soarecii sanatosi.

Vezicile acestora erau de asemenea mai putin receptive la stimularea electrica nervoasa, sugerand ca semnalizarile dintre vezica si creier ar putea fi afectate de lipsa activitatii CB1.

Scriind intr-un comentariu insotitor, Dr. Mathieu Boudes si Dr. Dirk de Ridder de la Laboratorul de Urologie Experimentala KU Leuven din Belgia - care nu au fost implicati in noul studiu - au remarcat ca ultimele descoperiri au fost primele de acest gen.

Acele rezultate sugereaza in mod clar, pentru moment, o implicare la nivel local a CB1 in functionarea normala a vezicii urinare.

Conform celor doi din Belgia, studiile anterioare sugereaza ca receptorii canabinoizi pot avea un rol in tratarea simptomelor de vezica hiperactiva si a simptomelor de vezica dureroasa.

Tot la fel, un mic studiu din 2004 a constatat ca urinarea imperativa, numarul si volumul episoadelor de incontinenta, frecventa si urinarea nocturna (nicturia) "au scazut toate semnificativ" la pacientii cu scleroza multipla avansata ce urmeaza tratamente cu extracte din toata planta de Cannabis sativa (canepa).

Dr. Boudes si Dr. de Ridder au concluzionat ca in timp ce "mai multe informatii trebuiesc adunate", medicamentele (drugs=droguri) ce tintesc receptorii canabinoizi in afectiunile vezicii urinare vor fi intr-adevar "relevante pe viitor".

Studiul a fost publicat inainte de tiparire si a primit finantare de la Fundatia Germana de Cercetare (DFG)

Traducerea si adaptarea: Ford Turani pentru TurismoAssociati.it - Sursa: LeafScience - Study: Healthy Bladder Tied To Marijuana Pathways

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Who is Rev. Gypsy Queen, Jesus' Bitch?

A woman of strong faith, a powerful empath called to utilize this gift in vulnerability, compassion, and active (agape) Love. However, do not mistake my vulnerability for gullibility, my compassion for stupidity, or my love for weakness. I am one of the strongest people I know! 


Once a tough street kid, I don't fit societal images of success & beauty, with the exceptions of my hard earned education, & I am beautiful. I was raised in violence & poverty - I remember history - I don't live in it.  I don’t do pity or guilt – all suffer at one time or other – God holds us through each other – guilt pisses me off and I find it rather useless at best – destructive at worst.  No one is innocent but the child, in God’s love we are made innocent, we are all children.  In love - justice & mercy cannot be separated.  Now an ordained Pastor, I don't fit typical images of what it is to be a Pastor - Being Christian means to me be free to be the human beings we were created to be - in our strengths and weaknesses, in our joys and sorrows - in our ignorance/stupidity and intelligence - in the paradoxes of life. As a Christian I live as both at once "sinner" and "saint."  

The street kid was not eliminated or replaced she has been loved, transformed, empowered and driven.  I don't always get it - but trust God holds it.  I have no need to control, direct or over-come.  I live openly as I am - I have the vocabulary that ranges from "you can kiss my fucking fat ass" to the "I do believe you can place your offensive lips upon my well endowed posterior glutinous maxi mus" -  I swim in the deep waters of emotions and mysteries we attribute to the spirit - I speak things as I see them (for my astrological madgi - yes I am a Pisces on the cusp) - unlike western culture dictates, my faith is not a private affair – God/Allah/Goddess/Great Spirit - knows/sees/is all - so why try to hide/pretend/deny? I know my scripture - but do not quote memorized verses to use as a weapon of accusation/judgment.  

Everything has context – including what we consider our holy writings.  Love levels the playing field – I am no less and no greater than you.  I live by the ethic of love – an active love - not a love of sentiment, love is not always so sweet, nice or romantic in appearance - what is loving for one is destructive to another.  I attempt to love - self, others, community, society, environment, world – as love has revealed and continues to reveal itself in my life.  It is not my job to convert, convince, persuade, motivate, inspire - that may or may not happen through me - not by me - I am simply called to speak & live - my experience, testimony, faith, education and opinions (which are just that).  I let God do God’s job.


I believe we are all children of the same source – I call that source Abba/Daddy/Creator - Brother/Christ Jesus/Hommie/Source of Love - Holy Spirit/Sister/Councilor/Breath of Life.

I Love fully, live freely, and proclaim Gospel boldly! 

WHY?

I have had many folks, from fb, the streets, the churches ask me “Pastor, why are you so radical about being a stoner?”  “Why are you so political?”  “Leave God at church, leave politics to the politicians – don’t bring it to the pulpit, and keep your weed behind closed doors.”

WHERE the shit gets real.  Life tore the shit out of my body.  It has been under attack from physical and sexual violence since I was 3yrs old.  The psychological shit internalized the violence, and I abused myself.  The damage has been extensive.   Western medicine, reinforced, ignored, and dismissed the damage.  Society played its role in reinforcing the damage and the injustices we perpetuate make recovery more than difficult.  Whether you or I, like it or not we are connected - your shit effects me – my shit effects you.  I can’t do anything about your shit – I can do something about mine.

Last Spring I got news on changes in my healthcare providers approach to “care.”  I got pissed off, I am not an addict and refuse to be treated like one.  Choice – I could roll over and take it up the ass again – or find another option.  I lamented/vented/prayed – I got on-line and started educating myself.  DO NOT DO IT THIS WAY ITS DANGEROUS TO YOUR LIFE – I had no help from my DR. I tried to set up getting my card & access so it would be available just as I took my last declining doses of 9 scripts.  Didn’t quite get the timing right.  I went into a period of massive withdrawal.  I couldn’t get out of bed.  I was in more pain that I had ever experience – and I know pain all to well – including that of giving birth.  I couldn’t eat ANYTHING.  I could not sleep, but was not exactly conscious either.  Mother begged me to go to the hospital, I refused.  I was going to live free or go home.  All she could do was take my pulse often, and bring me water to sip.  After two weeks - I finally got my apt. and my script for cannabis, I took several hits, found instant pain relief and ate my first meal in that time – potatoes & eggs – best meal I ever had.  Took another couple of hits and slept for four hrs straight, for the first time sence I was a very young kid.  Sleeping is dangerous to ones survival, yet rest is required to live.

Since April of 2013 I have treated my PTSD, Fibromyalgia, Arthritis, Chronic Fatigue & insomnia, Acid Reflux, Morbid Obesity, and Diabetes II with one very beautifully created plant!  I have never been able to think more clearly.  I have no symptoms of PTSD.  I haven’t had a flashback since I began, and only one night terror.  My pain levels are managed at an ave of 3 on a 10 point scale down from an average range of 6.5 – 9 daily.  I have lost more than ½ of my body weight & going.  I can walk again – lost my wheelchair last Sept., and my cane in Dec.  My Diabetes is being well managed without the intervention and consequences of drugs. 

Beyond the personal recovery I have family, and many dear friends who still suffer, or at risk of jail, or in prison – ALL cause back in the day we were ignorant and bought the propaganda that lead to the criminalization of this God given gift.

WHY - In a nut shell – Love!  I was not loved as a kid.  I was found by love, transformed by love, taught to love, called to love.  Not the sentimental BS we tend to throw around on the surface, the nice, sweet, romantic, notions.  I’m talkin hard core unconditional acceptance that allows one to be who they are as they are.  It doesn’t require change – it does compel it.  The change is not always readily recognized cause behavior doesn’t always change – the heart changes the way we relate to others.  Faith is in relationship – with self, with the sacred, with each other - religion/morality – is all the crap we have attached to faith.  I have choices, I can be a product of my history, or I can learn, grow and utilize its lessons to live in harmony with the world around me – Joy is possible even and often in the midst of suffering.  I choose joy! I choose Life!  I don’t have to like you or agree with you in order to love you.  I fight the fight for me and for you.

Below is a link to my campaign to raise a bit of start up money so I can build on the work I've been doing at my own expense because I am not currently sanctioned or supported by my church body.

http://www.indiegogo.com/projects/gospel-in-context

Pastor Ginamarie L. Pezzi for TurismoAssociati.it

 

 

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HOW TO PLAY? PAUSE/GAME MENU = P. AIM/FIRE = MOUSE. Move left/right = A (left arrow) D (right arrow). JUMP = W (up arrow) You can Make a second jump in MID-AIR. KNEEL = A (down arrow). SELECT WEAPONS = 12345. TOGGLE WEAPON = E (mouse WHEEL). USE MEDIKIT = 6, Q. JUMP DOWN A LEVEL = SS (down arrow) DOUBLE TAP QUICKLY. --- MISSION 1: I NEVER SEEN YOU BEFORE... ARE YOU SURE THIS IS NOT TOO DANGEROUS FOR YOU? ANYWAY... WE NEED ALL THE HELP WE CAN GET. THE DARK ALLIANCE IS USING SOME KIND OF SUPER COMPUTER TO INTERCEPT AND DECODE OUR COMMUNICATIONS. WE NEED YOU TO INFILTRATE THEIR BASE AND DESTROY IT. LEAVE NO WITNESSES. Bounty Store: UPGRADES: PARTICLE AMPLIFIER (increase damage for all weapons), ION SHIELD (reduce damage afflicted to hero), HEARTH IMPLANT (increase health restoration). RPG, PLASMA BULLET, LASER BLAST, ION BULLET, MEDIKIT.

Space Bounty: Complete missions to defeat the Dark Alliance! Play Space Bounty!

Controls: Keyboard and Mouse: Aim and Fire Left Click Jump, Crouch, Move Left,Right W, A, S, D keys Select Weapon 1~6 Use MedKit 6 or Q

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Researchers from Canada, U.S., Germany and The Netherlands surveyed 953 patients from 31 countries on their experiences with different forms of medical marijuana.

Published in the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, the results show that patients are more satisfied overall with natural cannabis. Pharmaceutical preparations only scored higher in 1 of 9 categories measured, which was “ease of preparation and intake.”

“In general, herbal non-pharmaceutical CBMs (cannabinoid-based medicines) received higher appreciation scores by participants than pharmaceutical products containing cannabinoids.”

The study may be unwelcome news for companies that manufacture cannabis-based pharmaceuticals, such as Marinol and Sativex.

Despite being more accepted by health professionals, patients seem to find natural cannabis superior when it comes to dose needed, onset and duration of effects and, perhaps most important, side effect profile.

“Besides the need for such products to be standardized and quality controlled, our data suggest that overall there is good satisfaction with whole plant preparations that are affordable and administered in an inhaled manner, or in the form of a tincture.”

Out of the different methods of taking cannabis, vaporizing was reported to have the least side effects, followed by tea and smoking. Patients also report paying more to obtain cannabis pharmaceuticals rather than cannabis itself.

Pharmaceutical preparations often cost more than herbal cannabis

While the researchers only included responses from patients who had tried at least two different forms of medical marijuana, they caution that the results have limitations.

For example, homemade cannabis preparations allow for more customization than standardized pharmaceuticals, which may improve the patient experience.

Still, the authors believe that the latest findings present “a broad picture” of the current patient experience with cannabis medicine, and may be useful for “further development of safe and effective medications based on cannabis and single cannabinoids.”

The study received funding from the International Assocation for Cannabinoid Medicine (IACM) and Bedrocan BV

Source: LeafScience.com

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One day we found ourselves with some spare time on our hands. So we took this spare game engine that we had lying around and some random bunch of levels that we didn't know what to do with. We put the engine and the levels together and with a bit of tweaking here and there came up with this game. It's a nice little game that is otherwise pointless except for the part where we ask you to complete all 10 levels, whilst collecting the gold coins in as little time as possible... There are a bunch of random baddies running around that you have to avoid. But otherwise, just complete the game in as little time as possible and see if you make it onto the Top 100 High Score Board. Yup we know, it's pointless, but you know you want to give it a try anyway... Controls: Left/Right: Arrow Keys, Jump: Space. Good Luck...!

Pointless: Jump and run through various dangerous levels and collect the golden coins avoiding all the baddies...

Controls: Keyboard: Move Left Left Arrow Key Move Right Right Arrow Key Jump Space Bar

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Oamenii de stiinta oncologi si-au indreptat de curand atentia catre o clasa de substante chimice numite canabinoide. In timp ce marijuana este o sursa bine cunoscuta de canabinoizi - incluzand THC si CBD - organismul produce de asemenea o parte pe cont propriu.

Echipa, condusa de Barbara Adinolfi, Ph.D,  o cercetatoare post-doctorat la Departamentul de Farmacie din cadrul Universitatii din Pisa, a efectuat experimente folosind anandamida (AEA), unul dintre acesti naturali canabinoizi, si celule umane de melanom.

Constatarile acestora, publicate online in Jurnalul European de Farmacologie (European Journal of Pharmacology), au aratat ca anandamida a avut efecte toxice asupra celulelor canceroase - chiar si in doze mici.

Per ansamblu, aceste rezultate demonstreaza ca AEA (anandamida - anandamide) induce citotoxicitate fata de celulele umane de melanom in intervalul micromolar de concentratii.

Interesant este faptul ca, rolul endocanabinoizilor - "endo" vine de la endogen (exemplu: realizat de organism) - in controlarea cancerului nu este o descoperire noua.

Dupa cum noteaza autorii, s-a dovedit ca endocanabinoidele "reglementeaza semnele distinctive ale cancerului, atat cele de baza cat si cele in curs de dezvoltare." Studii anterioare arata ca organismul produce mai multi endocanabinoizi in stari de cancer si pre-canceroase.

Insa foarte putine grupuri au studiat actiunea acestora in cazuri de melanom de piele - una dintre cele mai agresive forme de cancer uman, dupa cum specifica autorii. Si in timp ce canabinoizii par a avea un efect anticancerigen general impotriva multor tipuri de cancer, mecanismele lor de actiune nu au fost identificate in mod consistent.

Studiile in vitro si in vivo au demonstrat cum canabinoizii naturali si sintetici sunt eficace in reducerea progresiei cancerului, cu toate ca efectele observate sunt complexe si uneori contradictorii.

In cel mai recent studiu, autorii au fost in masura sa evidentieze mecanismele implicate in activitatea anticancerigena a anandamidei. Cum era de asteptat, activarea cailor ce faciliteaza efectele marihuanei, receptorii CB1, a jucat un rol important.

In timp ce sunt necesare mai multe studii, cercetatorii oncologi au cautat modalitati de a creste nivelurile de canabinoizi naturali precum si livrarea canabinoizilor derivati din plante catre zone vizate drept noi terapii contra cancerului.

Cancerul de piele este adesea tratabil chirurgical, dar forme mai agresive se pot raspandi rapid si se cunoaste ca sunt rezistente la chimioterapia traditionala.

Studiul a fost publicat inainte de tiparire si a primit finantare de la Asociatia Italiana Anti-Melanom.

Traducerea si adaptarea: Ford Turani pentru TurismoAssociati.it - Sursa: LeafScience - Anandamide May Serve Anticancer Role In Skin Cancer

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Options. You have Quality: High, Medium and Low. Controls: SPACE = Jump, UP ARROW = Climb, LEFT RIGHT ARROW = Run around. You have stumbled upon this cave, during a recent archaeological survey. You are eager to find out if the rumour of the lost treasures of Amon 'Ra exists. Try and make your way through the puzzling cave... But be careful of the treachery and hidden dangers that lie beyond!

Kingdom of Gold: Try to discover the lost treasures of Amoon Ra by exploring this mysterious cave.

Controls: Keyboard: Move Left, Right Left, Right arrow keys Climb Up arrow key Jump Space Bar

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No one should ever work.

Work is the source of nearly all the misery in the world. Almost all the evil you'd care to name comes from working or from living in a world designed for work. In order to stop suffering, we have to stop working.

That doesn't mean we have to stop doing things. It does mean creating a new way of life based on play; in other words, a ludic revolution. By "play" I mean also festivity, creativity, conviviality, commensality, and maybe even art. There is more to play than child's play, as worthy as that is. I call for a collective adventure in generalized joy and freely interdependent exuberance. Play isn't passive. Doubtless we all need a lot more time for sheer sloth and slack than we ever enjoy now, regardless of income or occupation, but once recovered from employment-induced exhaustion nearly all of us [will] want [to] act. Oblomovism and Stakhanovism are two sides of same debased coin.

The ludic life is totally incompatible with existing reality. So much the worse for "reality," the gravity hole that sucks the vitality from the little in life that still distinguishes it from mere survival. Curiously—maybe not—all the old ideologies are conservative because they believe in work. Some of them, like Marxism and most brands of anarchism, believe in work all the more fiercely because they believe in so little else.

Liberals say we should end employment discrimination. I say we should end employment. Conservatives support right-to-work laws. Following Karl Marx's wayward son-in-law Paul Lafargue I support the right to be lazy. Leftists favor full employment. Like the surrealists—except that I'm not kidding—I favor full unemployment. Trotskyists agitate for permanent revolution. I agitate for permanent revelry. But if all the ideologues (as they do) advocate work—and not only because they plan to make other people do theirs—they are strangely reluctant to say so. They will carry on endlessly about wages, hours, working conditions, exploitation, productivity, profitability. They'll gladly talk about anything but work itself. These experts who offer to do our thinking for us rarely share their conclusions about work, for all its saliency in the lives of all of us. Among themselves they quibble over the details. Unions and management agree that we ought to sell the time of our lives in exchange for survival, although they haggle over the price. Marxists think we should be bossed by bureaucrats. Libertarians think we should be bossed by businessmen. Feminists don't care which form bossing takes so long as the bosses are women. Clearly these ideology-mongers have serious differences over how to divvy up the spoils of power. Just as clearly, none of them have any objection to power as such and all of them want to keep us working.

You may be wondering if I'm joking or serious. I'm joking and serious. To be ludic is not to be ludicrous. Play doesn't have to be frivolous, although frivolity isn't triviality: very often we ought to take frivolity seriously. I'd like life to be a game - but a game with high stakes. I want to play for keeps.

The alternative to work isn't just idleness. To be ludic is not to be quaaludic. As much as I treasure the pleasure of torpor, it's never more rewarding than when it punctuates other pleasures and pastimes. Nor am I promoting the managed time-disciplined safety-valve called "leisure"; far from it. Leisure is non-work for the sake of work. Leisure is the time spent recovering from work, and in the frenzied but hopeless attempt to forget about work many people return from vacations so beat that they look forward to returning to work so they can rest up. The main difference between work and leisure is that at work at least you get paid for your alienation and enervation.

I am not playing definitional games with anybody. When I say I want to abolish work, I mean just what I say, but I want to say what I mean by defining my terms in non-idiosyncratic ways. My minimun definition of work is forced labor, that is, compulsory production. Both elements are essential. Work is production enforced by economic or political means, by the carrot or the stick. (The carrot is just the stick by other means.) But not all creation is work. Work is never done for its own sake, it's done on account of some product or output that the worker (or, more often, somebody else) gets out of it. This is what work necessarily is. To define it is to despise it. But work is usually even worse than its definition decrees. The dynamic of domination intrinsic to work tends over time toward elaboration. In advanced work-riddled societies, including all industrial societies whether capitalist or "communist," work invariably acquires other attributes which accentuate its obnoxiousness.

Usually—and this is even more true in "communist" than capitalist countries, where the state is almost the only employer and everyone is an employee—work is employment, i.e., wage-labor, which means selling yourself on the installment plan. Thus 95% of Americans who work, work for somebody (or something) else. In the USSR or Cuba or Yugoslavia or Nicaragua or any other alternative model which might be adduced, the corresponding figure approaches 100%. Only the embattled Third World peasant bastions—Mexico, India, Brazil, Turkey—temporarily shelter significant concentrations of agriculturists who perpetuate the traditional arrangement of most laborers in the last several millennia, the payment of taxes (ransom) to the state or rent to parasitic landlords in return for being otherwise left alone. Even this raw deal is beginning to look good. All industrial (and office) workers are employees and under the sort of surveillance which ensures servility.

But modern work has worse implications. People don't just work, they have "jobs." One person does one productive task all the time on an or-else basis. Even if the task has a quantum of intrinsic interest (as increasingly many jobs don't) the monotony of its obligatory exclusivity drains its ludic potential. A "job" that might engage the energies of some people, for a reasonably limited time, for the fun of it, is just a burden on those who have to do it for forty hours a week with no say in how it should be done, for the profit of owners who contribute nothing to the project, and with no opportunity for sharing tasks or spreading the work among those who actually have to do it. This is the real world of work: a world of bureaucratic blundering, of sexual harassment and discrimination, of bonehead bosses exploiting and scapegoating their subordinates who—by any rational-technical criteria - should be calling the shots. But capitalism in the real world subordinates the rational maximization of productivity and profit to the exigencies of organizational control.

The degradation which most workers experience on the job is the sum of assorted indignities which can be denominated as "discipline." Foucault has complexified this phenomenon but it is simple enough. Discipline consists of the totality of totalitarian controls at the workplace—surveillance, rotework, imposed work tempos, production quotas, punching-in and -out, etc. Discipline is what the factory and the office and the store share with the prison and the school and the mental hospital. It is something historically original and horrible. It was beyond the capacities of such demonic tators of yore as Nero and Genghis Khan and Ivan the Terrible. For all their bad intentions they just didn't have the machinery to control their subjects as thoroughly as modern despots do. Discipline is the distinctively diabolical modern mode of control, it is an innovative intrusion which must be interdicted at the earliest opportunity.

Such is "work." Play is just the opposite. Play is always voluntary. What might otherwise be play is work if it's forced. This is axiomatic. Bernie de Koven has defined play as the "suspension of consequences." This is unacceptable if it implies that play is inconsequential. The point is not that play is without consequences. Playing and giving are closely related, they are the behavioral and transactional facets of the same impulse, the play-instinct. They share an aristocratic disdain for results. The player gets something out of playing; that's why he plays. But the core reward is the experience of the activity itself (whatever it is). Some otherwise attentive students of play, like Johan Huizinga (Homo Ludens) define it as game-playing or following rules. I respect Huizinga's erudition but emphatically reject his constraints. There are many good games (chess, baseball, Monopoly, bridge) which are rule-govemed but there is much more to play than game-playing. Conversation, sex, dancing, travel—these practices aren't rule-governed but they are surely play if anything is. And rules can be played with at least as readily as anything else.

Work makes a mockery of freedom. The official line is that we all have rights and live in a democracy. Other unfortunates who aren't free like we are have to live in police states. These victims obey orders or-else, no matter how arbitrary. The authorities keep them under regular surveillance. State bureaucrats control even the smaller details of everyday life. The officials who push them around are answerable only to the higher-ups, public or private. Either way, dissent and disobedience are punished. Informers report regularly to the authorities. All this is supposed to be a very bad thing.

And so it is, although it is nothing but a description of the modern workplace. The liberals and conservatives and libertarians who lament totalitarianism are phonies and hypocrites. There is more freedom in any moderately de-Stalinized dictatorship than there is in the ordinary American workplace. You find the same sort of hierarchy and discipline in an office or factory as you do in a prison or a monastery. In fact, as Foucault and others have shown, prisons and factories came in at about the same time, and their operators consciously borrowed from each other's control techniques. A worker is a part-time slave. The boss says when to show up, when to leave, and what to do in the meantime. He tells you how much work to do and how fast. He is free to carry his control to humiliating extremes, regulating, if he feels like it, the clothes you wear or how often you go to the bathroom. With a few exceptions he can fire you for any reason, or no reason. He has you spied on by snitches and supervisors; he amasses a dossier on every employee. Talking back is called "insubordination," just as if a worker is a naughty child, and it not only gets you fired, it disqualifies you for unemployment compensation. Without necessarily endorsing it for them either, it is noteworthy that children at home and in school receive much the same treatment, justified in their case by their supposed immaturity. What does this say about their parents and teachers who work?

The demeaning system of domination I've described rules over half the waking hours of a majority of women and the vast majority of men for decades, for most of their lifespans. For certain purposes it's not too misleading to call our system democracy or capitalism or—better still—industrialism, but its real names are factory fascism and office oligarchy. Anybody who says these people are "free" is lying or stupid. You are what you do. If you do boring, stupid, monotonous work, chances are you'll end up boring, stupid and monotonous. Work is a much better explanation for the creeping cretinization all around us than even such significant moronizing mechanisms as television and education. People who are regimented all their lives, handed off to work from school and bracketed by the family in the beginning and the nursing home at the end, are habituated to hierarchy and psychologically enslaved. Their aptitude for autonomy is so atrophied that their fear of freedom is among their few rationally grounded phobias. Their obedience training at work carries over into the families they start, thus reproducing the system in more ways than one, and into politics, culture and everything else. Once you drain the vitality from people at work, they'll likely submit to hierarchy and expertise in everything. They're used to it.

We are so close to the world of work that we can't see what it does to us. We have to rely on outside observers from other times or other cultures to appreciate the extremity and the pathology of our present position. There was a time in our own past when the "work ethic" would have been incomprehensible, and perhaps Weber was on to something when he tied its appearance to a religion, Calvinism, which if it emerged today instead of four centuries ago would immediately and appropriately be labelled a cult. Be that as it may, we have only to draw upon the wisdom of antiquity to put work in perspective. The ancients saw work for what it is, and their view prevailed, the Calvinist cranks notwithstanding, until overthrown by industrialism—but not before receiving the endorsement of its prophets.

Let's pretend for a moment that work doesn't turn people into stultified submissives. Let's pretend, in defiance of any plausible psychology and the ideology of its boosters, that it has no effect on the formation of character. And let's pretend that work isn't as boring and tiring and humiliating as we all know it really is. Even then, work would still make a mockery of all humanistic and democratic aspirations, just because it usurps so much of our time. Socrates said that manual laborers make bad friends and bad citizens because they have no time to fulfill the responsibilities of friendship and citizenship. He was right. Because of work, no matter what we do we keep looking at our watches. The only thing "free" about so-called free time is that it doesn't cost the boss anything. Free time is mostly devoted to getting ready for work, going to work, returning from work, and recovering from work. Free time is a euphemism for the peculiar way labor as a factor of production not only transports itself at its own expense to and from the workplace but assumes primary responsibility for its own maintenance and repair. Coal and steel don't do that. Lathes and typewriters don't do that. But workers do. No wonder Edward G. Robinson in one of his gangster movies exclaimed, "Work is for saps!"

Both Plato and Xenophon attribute to Socrates and obviously share with him an awareness of the destructive effects of work on the worker as a citizen and as a human being. Herodotus identified contempt for work as an attribute of the classical Greeks at the zenith of their culture. To take only one Roman example, Cicero said that "whoever gives his labor for money sells himself and puts himself in the rank of slaves." His candor is now rare, but contemporary primitive societies which we are wont to look down upon have provided spokesmen who have enlightened Westem anthropologists. The Kapauku of West Irian, according to Posposil, have a conception of balance in life and accordingly work only every other day, the day of rest designed "to regain the lost power and health." Our ancestors, even as late as the eighteenth century when they were far along the path to our present predicament, at least were aware of what we have forgotten, the underside of industrialization. Their religious devotion to "St. Monday"—thus establishing a de facto five-day week 150-200 years before its legal consecration—was the despair of the earliest Factory owners. They took a long time in submitting to the tyranny of the bell, predecessor of the time clock. In fact it was necessary for a generation or two to replace adult males with women accustomed to obedience and children who could be molded to fit industrial needs. Even the exploited peasants of the ancien regime wrested substantial time back from their landlord's work. According to Lafargue; a fourth of the French peasants' calendar was devoted to Sundays and holidays, and Chayanov's figures from villages in Czarist Russia—hardly a progressive society—likewise show a fourth or fifth of peasants' days devoted to repose. Controlling for productivity, we are obviously far behind these backward societies. The exploited muzhiks would wonder why any of us are working at all. So should we.

To grasp the full enormity of our deterioration, however, consider the earliest condition of humanity, without government or property, when we wandered as hunter-gatherers. Hobbes surmised that life was then nasty, brutish and short. Others assume that life was a desperate unremitting struggle for subsistence, a war raged against a harsh Nature with death and disaster awaiting the unlucky or anyone who was unequal to the challenge of the struggle for existence. Actually, that was all a projection of fears for the collapse of govemment authority over communities unaccustomed to doing without it, like the England of Hobbes during the Civil War. Hobbes' compatriots had already encountered alternative forms of society which illustrated other ways of life—in North America, particularly—but already these were too remote from their experience to be understandable. (The lower orders, closer to the condition of the Indians, understood it better and often found it attractive. Throughout the seventeenth century, English settlers defected to Indian tribes or, captured in war, refused to return. But the Indians no more defected to white settlements than West Germans climb the Berlin Wall from the west.) The "survival of the fittest" version—the Thomas Huxley version—of Darwinism was a better account of economic conditions in Victorian England than it was of natural selection, as the anarchist Kropotkin showed in his book Mutual Aid, A Factor of Evolution. (Kropotkin was a scientist—geographer—who'd had ample involuntary opportunity for fieldwork whilst exiled in Siberia: he knew what he was talking about. Like most social and political theory, the story Hobbes and his successors told was really unacknowledged autobiography.

The anthropologist Marshall Sahlins, surveying the data on contemporary hunter-gatherers, exploded the Hobbesian myth in an article entitled "The Original Affluent Society." They work a lot less than we do, and their work is hard to distinguish from what we regard as play. Sahlins concluded that "hunters and gatherers work less than we do; and, rather than a continuous travail, the food quest is intemmittent, leisure abundant, and there is a greater amount of sleep in the daytime per capita per year than in any other condition of society." They worked an average of four hours a day, assuming they were "working" at all. Their "labor," as it appears to us, was skilled labor which exercised their physical and intellectual capacities; unskilled labor on any large scale, as Sahlins says, is impossible except under industrialism. Thus it satisfied Friedrich Schiller's definition of play, the only occasion on which man realizes his complete humanity by giving full "play" to both sides of his twofold nature, thinking and feeling. As he put it: "The animal works when deprivation is the mainspring of its activity, and it plays when the fullness of its strength is this mainspring, when superabundant life is its own stimulus to activity." (A modern version—dubiously developmental - is Abraham Maslow's counterposition of "deficiency" and "growth" motivation.) Play and freedom are, as regards production, coextensive. Even Marx, who belongs (for all his good intentions) in the productivist pantheon, observed that "the realm of freedom does not commence until the point is passed where labor under the compulsion of necessity and external utility is required." He never could quite bring himself to identify this happy circumstance as what it is, the abolition of work - it's rather anomalous, after all, to be pro-worker and anti-work - but we can.

The aspiration to go backwards or forwards to a life without work is evident in every serious social or cultural history of pre-industrial Europe, among them M. Dorothy George's England in Transition and Peter Burke's Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe. Also pertinent is Daniel Bell's essay "Work and Its Discontents," the first text, I believe, to refer to the "revolt against work" in so many words and, had it been understood, an important correction to the complacency ordinarily associated with the volume in which it was collected, The End of Ideology. Neither critics nor celebrants have noticed that Bell's end-of-ideology thesis signalled not the end of social unrest but the beginning of a new, uncharted phase unconstrained and uninformed by ideology. It was Seymour Lipset (in Political Man), not Bell, who announced at the same time that "the fundamental problems of the Industrial Revolution have been solved," only a few years before the post- or metaindustrial discontents of college students drove Lipset from UC Berkeley to the relative (and temporary) tranquillity of Harvard.

As Bell notes, Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations, for all his enthusiasm for the market and the division of labor, was more alert to (and more honest about) the seamy side of work than Ayn Rand or the Chicago economists or any of Smith's modem epigones. As Smith observed: "The understandings of the greater part of men are necessarily formed by their ordinary employments. The man whose life is spent in performing a few simple operations . . . has no occasion to exert his understanding . . . He generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is possible for a human creature to become." Here, in a few blunt words, is my critique of work. Bell, writing in 1956, the Golden Age of Eisenhower imbecility and American self-satisfaction, identified the unorganized, unorganizable malaise of the 1970's and since, the one no political tendency is able to hamess, the one identified in HEW's report Work in America, the one which cannot be exploited and so is ignored. That problem is the revolt against work. It does not figure in any text by any laissez-faire economist—Milton Friedman, Murray Rothbard, Richard Posner—because, in their terms, as they used to say on Star Trek, "it does not compute."

If these objections, informed by the love of liberty, fail to persuade humanists of a utilitarian or even paternalist tum, there are others which they cannot disregard. Work is hazardous to your health, to borrow a book title. In fact, work is mass murder or genocide. Directly or indirectly, work will kill most of the people who read these words. Between 14,000 and 25,000 workers are killed annually in this country on the job. Over two million are disabled. Twenty to twenty-five million are injured every year. And these figures are based on a very conservative estimation of what constitutes a work-related injury. Thus they don't count the half million cases of occupational disease every year. I looked at one medical textbook on occuptional diseases which was 1,200 pages long. Even this barely scratches the surface. The available statistics count the obvious cases like the 100,000 miners who have black lung disease, of whom 4,000 die every year, a much higher fatality rate than for AIDS, for instance, which gets so much media attention. This reflects the unvoiced assumption that AIDS afflicts perverts who could control their depravity whereas coalmining is a sacrosanct activity beyond question. What the statistics don't show is that tens of millions of people have their lifespans shortened by work—which is all that homicide means, after all. Consider the doctors who work themselves to death in their 50's. Consider all the other workaholics.

Even if you aren't killed or crippled while actually working, you very well might be while going to work, coming from work, looking for work, or trying to forget about work. The vast majority of victims of the automobile are either doing one of these work-obligatory activities or else fall afoul of those who do them. To this augmented body-count must be added the victims of auto-industrial pollution and work-induced alcoholism and drug addiction. Both cancer and heart disease are modern afflictions normally traceable, directly or indirectly, to work.

Work, then, institutionalizes homicide as a way of life. People think the Cambodians were crazy for exterminating themselves, but are we any different? The Pol Pot regime at least had a vision, however blurred, of an egalitarian society. We kill people in the sixfigure range (at least) in order to sell Big Macs and Cadillacs to the survivors. Our forty or fifty thousand annual highway fatalities are victims, not martyrs. They died for nothing - or rather, they died for work. But work is nothing to die for.

Bad news for liberals: regulatory tinkering is useless in this life-and-death context. The federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration was designed to police the core part of the problem, workplace safety.

Even before Reagan and the Supreme Court stifled it, OSHA was a farce. At previous and (by current standards) generous Carter-era funding levels, a workplace could expect a random visit from an OSHA inspector once every 46 years.

State control of the economy is no solution. Work is, if anything, more dangerous in the state-socialist countries than it is here. Thousands of Russian workers were killed or injured building the Moscow subway. Stories reverberate about covered-up Soviet nuclear disasters which makes Times Beach and Three Mile Island look like elementary-school air-raid drills. On the other hand, deregulation, currently fashionable, won't help and will probably hurt. From a health and safety standpoint, among others, work was its worst in the days when the economy most closely approximated laissez-faire. Historians like Eugene Genovese have argued persuasively that—as antebellum slavery apologists insisted—factory wage-workers in the Northern American states and in Europe were worse off than Southern plantation slaves. No rearrangement of relations among bureaucrats and businessmen seems to make much difference at the point of production. Serious enforcement of even the rather vague standards enforceable in theory by OSHA would probably bring the economy to a standstill. The enforcers apparently appreciate this, since they don't even try to crack down on most malefactors.

What I've said so far ought not to be controversial. Many workers are fed up with work. There are high and rising rates of absenteeism, turnover, employee theft and sabotage, wildcat strikes, and overall goldbricking on the job. There may be some movement toward a conscious and not just visceral rejection of work. And yet the prevalent feeling, universal among bosses and their agents and also widespread among workers themselves is that work itself is inevitable and necessary.

I disagree. It is now possible to abolish work and replace it, insofar as it serves useful purposes, with a multitude of new kinds of activities. To abolish work requires going at it from two directions, quantitative and qualitative. On the one hand, on the quantitative side, we have to cut down massively on the amount of work being done. At present most work is useless or worse and we should simply get rid of it. On the other hand - and I think this the crux of the matter and the revolutionary new departure—we have to take what useful work remains and transform it into a pleasing variety of game-like and craft-like pastimes, indistinguishable from other pleasurable pastimes except that they happen to yield useful end-products. Surely that shouldn't make them less enticing to do. Then all the artificial barriers of power and property could come down. Creation could become recreation. And we could all stop being afraid of each other.

I don't suggest that most work is salvageable in this way. But then most work isn't worth trying to save. Only a small and diminishing fraction of work serves any useful purpose independent of the defense and reproduction of the work-system and its political and legal appendages. Twenty years ago, Paul and Percival Goodman estimated that just five per cent of the work then being done—presumably the figure, if accurate, is lower now—would satisfy our minimal needs for food, clothing and shelter. Theirs was only an educated guess but the main point is quite clear: directly or indirectly, most work serves the unproductive purposes of commerce or social control. Right off the bat we can liberate tens of millions of salesmen, soldiers, managers, cops, stockbrockers, clergymen, bankers, lawyers, teachers, landlords, security guards, ad-men and everyone who works for them. There is a snowball effect since every time you idle some bigshot you liberate his flunkeys and underlings also. Thus the economy implodes.

Forty per cent of the workforce are white-collar workers, most of whom have some of the most tedious and idiotic jobs ever concocted. Entire industries, insurance and banking and real estate for instance, consist of nothing but useless paper-shuffling. It is no accident that the "tertiary sector," the service sector, is growing while the "secondary sector" (industry stagnates and the "primary sector" (agriculture) nearly disappears. Because work is unnecessary except to those whose power it secures, workers are shifted from relatively useful to relatively useless occupations as a measure to assure public order. Anything is better than nothing. That's why you can't go home just because you finish early. They want your time, enough of it to make you theirs, even if they have no use for most of it. Otherwise why hasn't the average work week gone down by more than a few minutes in the last fifty years?

Next we can take a meat-cleaver to production work itself. No more war production, nuclear power, junk food, feminine hygiene deodorant—and above all, no more auto industry to speak of. An occasional Stanley Steamer or Model T might be all right, but the autoeroticism on which such pestholes as Detroit and Los Angeles depend is out of the question. Already, without even trying, we've virtually solved the energy crisis, the environmental crisis and assorted other insoluble social problems.

Finally, we must do away with far and away the largest occupation, the one with the longest hours, the lowest pay and some of the most tedious tasks around. I refer to housewives doing housework and childrearing. By abolishing wage-labor and achieving full unemployment we undermine the sexual division of labor. The nuclear family as we know it is an inevitable adaptation to the division of labor imposed by modern wage-work. Like it or not, as things have been for the last century or two it is economically rational for the man to bring home the bacon, for the woman to do the shitwork to provide him with a haven in a heartless world, and for the children to be marched off to youth concentration camps—called "schools," primarily to keep them out of Mom's hair but still under control, but incidentally to acquire the habits of obedience and punctuality so necessary for workers. If you would be rid of patriarchy, get rid of the nuclear family whose unpaid "shadow work," as Ivan Illich says, makes possible the work-system that makes it necessary. Bound up with this no-nukes strategy is the abolition of childhood and the closing of the schools. There are more full-time students than full-time workers in this country. We need children as teachers, not students. They have a lot to contribute to the ludic revolution because they're better at playing than grown-ups are. Adults and children are not identical but they will become equal through interdependence. Only play can bridge the generation gap.

I haven't as yet even mentioned the possibility of cutting way down on the little work that remains by automating and cybernizing it. All the scientists and engineers and technicians freed from bothering with war research and planned obsolescence should have a good time devising means to eliminate fatigue and tedium and danger from activities like mining. Undoubtedly they'll find other projects to amuse themselves with. Perhaps they'll set up world-wide all-inclusive multi-media communications systems or found space colonies. Perhaps. I myself am no gadget freak. I wouldn't care to live in a pushbutton paradise. I don't want robot slaves to do everything; I want to do things myself. There is, I think, a place for laborsaving technology, but a modest place. The historical and pre-historical record is not encouraging. When productive technology went from hunting-gathering to agriculture and on to industry, work increased while skills and self-determination diminished. The further evolution of industrialism has accentuated what Harry Braverman called the degradation of work. Intelligent observers have always been aware of this. John Stuart Mill wrote that all the labor-saving inventions ever devised haven't saved a moments labor. Karl Marx wrote that "it would be possible to write a history of the inventions, made since 1830, for the sole purpose of supplying capital with weapons against the revolts of the working class." The enthusiastic technophiles—Saint-Simon, Comte, Lenin, B.F. Skinner—have always been unabashed authoritarians also; which is to say, technocrats. We should be more than skeptical about the promises of the computer mystics. They work like dogs; chances are, if they have their way, so will the rest of us. But if they have any particularized contributions more readily subordinated to human purposes than the run of high tech, let's give them a hearing.

What I really want to see is work turned into play. A first step is to discard the notions of a "job" and an "occupation." Even activities that already have some ludic content lose most of it by being reduced to jobs which certain people, and only those people, are forced to do to the exclusion of all else. Is it not odd that farm workers toil painfully in the fields while their airconditioned masters go home every weekend and putter about in their gardens? Under a system of permanent revelry, we will witness the Golden Age of the dilettante which will put the Renaissance to shame. There won't be any more jobs, just things to do and people to do them.

The secret of turning work into play, as Charles Fourier demonstrated, is to arrange useful activities to take advantage of whatever it is that various people at various times in fact enjoy doing. To make it possible for some people to do the things they could enjoy it will be enough just to eradicate the irrationalities and distortions which afflict these activities when they are reduced to work. I, for instance, would enjoy doing some (not too much) teaching, but I don't want coerced students and I don't care to suck up to pathetic pedants for tenure.

Second, there are some things that people like to do from time to time, but not for too long, and certainly not all the time. You might enjoy baby-sitting for a few hours in order to share the company of kids, but not as much as their parents do. The parents meanwhile profoundly appreciate the time to themselves that you free up for them, although they'd get fretful if parted from their progeny for too long. These differences among individuals are what make a life of free play possible. The same principle applies to many other areas of activity, especially the primal ones. Thus many people enjoy cooking when they can practice it seriously at their leisure, but not when they're just fueling up human bodies for work.

Third,—other things being equal,—some things that are unsatisfying if done by yourself or in unpleasant surroundings or at the orders of an overlord are enjoyable, at least for awhile, if these circumstances are changed. This is probably true, to some extent, of all work. People deploy their otherwise wasted ingenuity to make a game of the least inviting drudge-jobs as best they can. Activities that appeal to some people don't always appeal to all others, but everyone at least potentially has a variety of interests and an interest in variety. As the saying goes, "anything once." Fourier was the master at speculating how aberrant and perverse penchants could be put to use in post-civilized society, what he called Harmony. He thought the Emperor Nero would have turned out all right if as a child he could have indulged his taste for bloodshed by working in a slaughterhouse. Small children who notoriously relish wallowing in filth could be organized in "Little Hordes" to clean toilets and empty the garbage, with medals awarded to the outstanding. I am not arguing for these precise examples but for the underlying principle, which I think makes perfect sense as one dimension of an overall revolutionary transformation. Bear in mind that we don't have to take today's work just as we find it and match it up with the proper people, some of whom would have to be perverse indeed. If technology has a role in all this it is less to automate work out of existence than to open up new realms for re/creation. To some extent we may want to return to handicrafts, which William Morris considered a probable and desirable upshot of communist revolution. Art would be taken back from the snobs and collectors, abolished as a specialized department catering to an elite audience, and its qualities of beauty and creation restored to integral life from which they were stolen by work. It's a sobering thought that the Grecian urns we write odes about and showcase in museums were used in their own time to store olive oil. I doubt our everyday artifacts will fare as well in the future, if there is one. The point is that there's no such thing as progress in the world of work; if anything it's just the opposite. We shouldn't hesitate to pilfer the past for what it has to offer, the ancients lose nothing yet we are enriched.

The reinvention of daily life means marching off the edge of our maps. There is, it is true, more suggestive speculation than most people suspect. Besides Fourier and Morris—and even a hint, here and there, in Marx—there are the writings of Kropotkin, the syndicalists Pataud and Pouget, anarcho-communists old (Berkman) and new (Bookchin). The Goodman brothers' Communitas is exemplary for illustrating what forms follow from given functions (purposes), and there is something to be gleaned from the often hazy heralds of alternative/appropriate/intermediate/convivial technology, like Schumacher and especially Illich, once you disconnect their fog machines. The situationists—as represented by Vaneigem's Revolution of Everyday Life and in the Situationist International Anthology—are so ruthlessly lucid as to be exhilarating, even if they never did quite square the endorsement of the rule of the workers' councils with the abolition of work. Better their incongruity, though, than any extant version of leftism, whose devotees look to be the last champions of work, for if there were no work there would be no workers, and without workers, who would the left have to organize?

So the abolitionists would be largely on their own. No one can say what would result from unleashing the creative power stultified by work. Anything can happen. The tiresome debater's problem of freedom vs. necessity, with its theological overtones, resolves itself practically once the production of use-values is co-extensive with the consumption of delightful play activity. Life will become a game, or rather many games, but not—as it is now—a zero/sum game. An optimal sexual encounter is the paradigm of productive play. The participants potentiate each other's pleasures, nobody keeps score, and everybody wins. The more you give, the more you get. In the ludic life, the best of sex will diffuse into the better part of daily life. Generalized play leads to the libidinization of life. Sex, in turn, can become less urgent and desperate, more playful.

If we play our cards right, we can all get more out of life than we put into it; but only if we play for keeps.

No one should ever work.

Workers of the world. . . relax!

Source: deoxy.org

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Use arrow keys to move right and left. Level 1: reach the orange flag as fast as possible. Level 2: the first jump. Move fast and avoid the spikes. Level 3: Jump Again. Control Your Jump Power. Level 4: Stars Bonus. Collect the stars to earn more points. Level 5: Break End. Never over speed. Level 6: Down Hill. Control your movement. AND IT CONTINUES...

Hamster Ball: Help the cute hamster-in-a-ball make its way to the finish! Time to play Hamsterball!

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DId not know such thing existed ....Interesting, It might be another source to extract properties useful for us. But I would definitely do more research...
12/09/2014 @ 22:32:48
By Lamano Conpelos
It's illegal in Italy.
09/09/2014 @ 12:20:42
By Stefan Danov
Se strang semnaturi si apoi se intampla ce, avand in vedere ca nu e o petitie? De cate semnaturi e nevoie, care sunt pasii de dupa strangerea semnaturilor... cine sunt initiatorii (nu, nu sunt cetaten...
06/09/2014 @ 22:29:56
By Sorin Mihai Bargaoan
Stai linistit ca multinationalele farmaceutice producatori de citostatice exorbitant de scumpe, or sa lupte mereu impotriva legalizarii canabisului in scopuri terapeutice ........
14/08/2014 @ 21:16:00
By Petre Gulie
La cannabis e',la medicina
09/08/2014 @ 20:39:16
By Stefano Ferrari
right on!!
12/07/2014 @ 20:07:45
By Brian Barton
Cannabis is the best medicine in nature. Best everything. But shit, thc is important to!
10/07/2014 @ 13:26:01
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